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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60646
Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 56% (02:19) correct 44% (01:56) wrong based on 57 sessions

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Is $$x - x^2 > y - y^2$$ ?

(1) $$x > y$$

(2) $$x^2 > y^2$$

Are You Up For the Challenge: 700 Level Questions

_________________
Senior Manager  P
Joined: 25 Jul 2018
Posts: 483
Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2  [#permalink]

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Is $$x —x^{2} > y—y^{2}$$ ?

Good approach is picking numbers

(Statement1): x > y
—> if 3 > 2, then —6 > —2 (No)
—> if —2 > —3, then —6 > —12(yes)

Insufficient

(Statement2): $$x^{2} > y^{2}$$

If $$3^{2} > 2^{2}$$, then —6 > —4 (No)

If $$(1.5)^{2} > (—1)^{2}$$, then 1.5 —2.25 > —1 —1 —> —0.75 > —2 (Yes)

Insufficient

Taken together 1&2,
The same thing as statement2
Insufficient

Posted from my mobile device
Manager  G
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Location: United States
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
GPA: 3.9
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Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is $$x - x^2 > y - y^2$$ ?

(1) $$x > y$$

(2) $$x^2 > y^2$$

Are You Up For the Challenge: 700 Level Questions

$$x -x^2 > y -y^2$$ = x-y > (x+y) (x-y)

(1) x > y = x- y > 0, so we need to know the sign of x+y. insufficient.

(2) $$x^2 > y^2$$ = $$x^2- y^2 > 0$$. but we don't know the value of x-y. insufficient

Together, both x - y and $$x^2 -y^2$$ is positive. Lets take x as 1/2 and y as 1/4. so, $$x - x^2$$ will be (1/2) which is greater than $$y- y ^2$$will be 3/16. Again when x=3, y =2 , then $$x- x^2$$ becomes -6 and $$y -y^2$$ becomes -2, so$$x-x^2 < y -y^2$$. insufficient.

Senior Manager  G
Joined: 28 Feb 2014
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Re: Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is $$x - x^2 > y - y^2$$ ?

(1) $$x > y$$

(2) $$x^2 > y^2$$

x - x^2 > y - y^2
x - y > x^2 - y^2
x - y > (x - y) (x + y)
(x - y) ( x + y -1) < 0

(1) x > y
x - y >0; ( x + y -1) can be positive or negative. Insufficient

(2) x^2 > y^2; taking square root on both the sides
|x| > |y|; signs of x and y are unknown. Insufficient

(1)+(2) still signs of x and y are unknown. Insufficient

E is correct.
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 8456
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Re: Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is $$x - x^2 > y - y^2$$ ?

(1) $$x > y$$

(2) $$x^2 > y^2$$

Are You Up For the Challenge: 700 Level Questions

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.
Visit https://www.mathrevolution.com/gmat/lesson for details.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question. We should simplify conditions if necessary.

The question is equivalent to (x-y)(x+y-1) < 0 for the followings.

$$x - x^2 > y - y^2$$
$$⇔ 0 > x^2 - y^2 - x + y$$
$$⇔ x^2 - y^2 - x + y < 0$$
$$⇔ (x+y)(x-y) - (x-y) < 0$$
$$⇔ (x-y)(x+y-1) < 0$$

Since we have 2 variables (x and y) and 0 equations, C is most likely the answer. So, we should consider conditions 1) & 2) together first. After comparing the number of variables and the number of equations, we can save time by considering conditions 1) & 2) together first.

Conditions 1) & 2)

If $$x = 2, y = 1$$, then $$(x-y)(x+y+1) = 1 \cdot 2 = 2 > 0$$ and the answer is 'no'.
If $$x = 2, y = -1.5$$, then $$(x-y)(x+y-1) = 3.5 \cdot (-0.5) < 0$$ and the answer is 'yes'.

Since both conditions together do not yield a unique solution, they are not sufficient.

Normally, in problems which require 2 equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B, or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D, or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E.
_________________ Re: Is x - x^2 > y - y^2 ? (1) x > y (2) x^2 > y^2   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2019, 20:51
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