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Is |x| + |x-1| = 1?

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Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2010, 03:43
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Is |x| + |x-1| = 1?

(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Mar 2013, 03:25, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question and added the OA.
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16 Mar 2010, 03:50
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abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

stmnt1. let x= 0 then we have l 0 l + l0-1l= 1. suff
x= 10> 0 then we have l 10 l + l10-1l not equal to 1. hence insuff

stmnt2. let x = 0< 1 then we have l 0 l + l0-1l= 1. suff
let x= -5 < 1 then we l -5 l + l-5 -1l not equal to 1. hence insuff

taking together we have $$0 \leq x \leq 1$$
if x= 0 we have l 0 l + l0-1l= 1
if x = 1 we have l 1 l + l1-1l= 1
if x = 1/2 we have l 1/2 l + l1/2-1l= 1

hence C
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16 Mar 2010, 04:06
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abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Algebraic approach:

Let's check in which ranges of $$x$$ expression $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true:

Two check points for $$x$$: 0 and 1 (x=0 and x-1=0, x=1), thus three ranges to check:
A. $$x<0$$ --> $$-x-x+1=1$$ --> $$x=0$$, not good as we are checking for $$x<0$$;
B. $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ --> $$x-x+1=1$$ --> $$1=1$$, which is true. This means that in this range given equation holds true for all x-es;
C. $$x>1$$ --> $$x+x-1=1$$ --> $$x=1$$, not good as we are checking for $$x>1$$.

So we got that the equation $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true only in the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$.

(1) $$x \geq 0$$. Not sufficient.
(2) $$x \leq 1$$. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) gives us the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$, which is exactly the range for which given equation holds true. Sufficient.

Hope it helps.
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16 Mar 2010, 06:31
abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

|x|+|x-1|, there can be 4 cases

stmt1: x >= 0 => x is positive, if we apply this to eq 1, we cannot say that 2x-1 = 1 cos x can be >= 0 but less than 1 so insuff
stmt2: x<=1 => if we apply this to eq 1, we cannot say that 2x-1 = 1 cos x<=1 can lead to negative numbers also.

both stmt taken together 0<= x <= 1
x is a fraction between 0 to 1 so always x + 1-x = 1
in our case |x| will be x and |x - 1| is actually value of 1-x
so it will always be 1 this is why C both the stmts are reqd.
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16 Mar 2010, 08:21
Thanks so much all of you! the workings definately helped to understand the OA better..

Thanks Bunnel for the algebraic approach..
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16 Mar 2010, 08:39
abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$
Any explanations for the given OA.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Either statement alone is not sufficient to answer this question.
Together x can be 0 or 1, in both cases statement is true hence sufficient.
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18 Mar 2010, 10:10
Bunuel wrote:
abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Algebraic approach:

Let's check in which ranges of $$x$$ expression $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true:

Two check points for $$x$$: 0 and 1 (x=0 and x-1=0, x=1), thus three ranges to check:
A. $$x<0$$ --> $$-x-x+1=1$$ --> $$x=0$$, not good as we are checking for $$x<0$$;
B. $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ --> $$x-x+1=1$$ --> $$1=1$$, which is true. This means that in this range given equation holds true for all x-es;
C. $$x>1$$ --> $$x+x-1=1$$ --> $$x=1$$, not good as we are checking for $$x>1$$.

So we got that the equation $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true only in the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$.

(1) $$x \geq 0$$. Not sufficient.
(2) $$x \leq 1$$. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) gives us the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$, which is exactly the range for which given equation holds true. Sufficient.

Hope it helps.

Can you please clarify as to how is $$x-x+1=1$$ derived inB when it is provided that $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ that means X is +ve.

Thanks !!!
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18 Mar 2010, 10:21
mustdoit wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Algebraic approach:

Let's check in which ranges of $$x$$ expression $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true:

Two check points for $$x$$: 0 and 1 (x=0 and x-1=0, x=1), thus three ranges to check:
A. $$x<0$$ --> $$-x-x+1=1$$ --> $$x=0$$, not good as we are checking for $$x<0$$;
B. $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ --> $$x-x+1=1$$ --> $$1=1$$, which is true. This means that in this range given equation holds true for all x-es;
C. $$x>1$$ --> $$x+x-1=1$$ --> $$x=1$$, not good as we are checking for $$x>1$$.

So we got that the equation $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true only in the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$.

(1) $$x \geq 0$$. Not sufficient.
(2) $$x \leq 1$$. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) gives us the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$, which is exactly the range for which given equation holds true. Sufficient.

Hope it helps.

Can you please clarify as to how is $$x-x+1=1$$ derived inB when it is provided that $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ that means X is +ve.

Thanks !!!

When $$x$$ is in the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ then $$|x|=x$$ and $$|x-1|=-(x-1)=-x+1$$, thus $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ in this range becomes $$x-x+1=1$$.

Hope it's clear.
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07 Mar 2013, 21:30
I have got the answer as E. Can someone please clarify, what is wrong in my approach ?

Statement 1: X>=0

I assume X as 0
|0|+|0-1|= |0|+|1|= 1 ------------> Equation satisfied

I assume X as 3/4
|3/4|+|(3/4)-1|= |3/4|+|1/4|= 2 ----------> Equation unsatisfied

Statement 1 is not sufficient

Statement 2: X<=1

I assume X as 1
|1|+|1-1|= |1|+|0|= 1 --------------> Equation satisfied

I assume X as 3/4 again
|3/4|+|(3/4)-1|= |3/4|+|1/4|= 2 ----------> Equation unsatisfied

Statement 2 is not sufficient

Taking together both the equation, I assume X as 0, 3/4 and 1

When X=0, the answer is 1--------> Equation satisfied
When X=3/4, the answer is 2---------> Equation unsatisfied
When X=1, the answer is 1----------> Equation satisfied

Hence answer choice E is correct.

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07 Mar 2013, 21:44
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abhi758 wrote:
Is l x l + lx-1l= 1?
(1) $$x \geq 0$$
(2) $$x \leq 1$$

Any explanations for the given OA..

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

You can also consider using the number line method discussed here: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/01 ... s-part-ii/

l x l + lx-1l= 1 implies that sum of distance of x from 0 and from 1 should be 1. We can easily see that the distance between 0 and 1 is 1. So, x can lie on 0, on 1 or anywhere in between 0 and 1. It cannot go beyond 1 or before 0 because then the sum of the distance will become larger than 1.
Both statements together tell you that 0 <= x <= 1 and hence, the equation will hold for all such values of x.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 38822 Followers: 7716 Kudos [?]: 105862 [1] , given: 11593 Re: Modulus [#permalink] Show Tags 08 Mar 2013, 03:31 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Backbencher wrote: I have got the answer as E. Can someone please clarify, what is wrong in my approach ? Statement 1: X>=0 I assume X as 0 |0|+|0-1|= |0|+|1|= 1 ------------> Equation satisfied I assume X as 3/4 |3/4|+|(3/4)-1|= |3/4|+|1/4|= 2 ----------> Equation unsatisfied Statement 1 is not sufficient Statement 2: X<=1 I assume X as 1 |1|+|1-1|= |1|+|0|= 1 --------------> Equation satisfied I assume X as 3/4 again |3/4|+|(3/4)-1|= |3/4|+|1/4|= 2 ----------> Equation unsatisfied Statement 2 is not sufficient Taking together both the equation, I assume X as 0, 3/4 and 1 When X=0, the answer is 1--------> Equation satisfied When X=3/4, the answer is 2---------> Equation unsatisfied When X=1, the answer is 1----------> Equation satisfied Hence answer choice E is correct. Clarifications needed, please. The correct answer is C, not E. If x = 3/4, then Is |x| + |x-1| = |3/4| + |3/4 - 1| = 3/4 + 1/4 = 1. Hope it helps. _________________ Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 10 Oct 2012 Posts: 629 Followers: 83 Kudos [?]: 1191 [0], given: 136 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 08 Mar 2013, 04:41 abhi758 wrote: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? (1) $$x \geq 0$$ (2) $$x \leq 1$$ So |x| + |x-1| can only equal 1 when |x| = x and |x-1| = 1-x . Thus, x>=0 AND x-1=<0. Which gives, 0<=x<=1. C. _________________ Senior Manager Joined: 13 May 2013 Posts: 468 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 172 [0], given: 134 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 17 Jun 2013, 08:21 Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? For #1 (x≥0) I see two possible cases: x=1/2 x+ -(x-1)=1 x+ -x+1=1 1=1 OR x=2 x+x-1=1 2x=2 x=1 Wouldn't that imply that for both cases of x (where we have positive and negative values inside the | | signs) the equation is true? Thanks! VP Status: Far, far away! Joined: 02 Sep 2012 Posts: 1122 Location: Italy Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship GPA: 3.8 Followers: 190 Kudos [?]: 2097 [1] , given: 219 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 17 Jun 2013, 08:41 1 This post received KUDOS WholeLottaLove wrote: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? For #1 (x≥0) I see two possible cases: x=1/2 x+ -(x-1)=1 x+ -x+1=1 1=1 OR x=2 x+x-1=1 2x=2 x=1 Wouldn't that imply that for both cases of x (where we have positive and negative values inside the | | signs) the equation is true? Thanks! No. In the first case for an $$x=\frac{1}{2}$$ ($$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$) you get that the equation is true $$1=1$$ it's like saying ALWAYS TRUE. But in the second case for an $$x>1$$ you get x=1, but since x>1 that is not true Statement 1 is not sufficient _________________ It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience. Kant , Critique of Pure Reason Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b] Senior Manager Joined: 13 May 2013 Posts: 468 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 172 [0], given: 134 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 17 Jun 2013, 09:09 Ok, this is how I look at it: x>1 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + (x-1) = 1 2x = 2 x = 1 x = 1 which ISN'T greater than 1. Insufficient 0≤x<1 x = 1/2 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + -(x-1) =1 x+ -x +1 = 1 0=0 I'm not sure how to read this. Does 0=0 mean that the statement is sufficient or does it mean that x=0 and because x≥0 the statement is sufficient? Thanks! Zarrolou wrote: WholeLottaLove wrote: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? For #1 (x≥0) I see two possible cases: x=1/2 x+ -(x-1)=1 x+ -x+1=1 1=1 OR x=2 x+x-1=1 2x=2 x=1 Wouldn't that imply that for both cases of x (where we have positive and negative values inside the | | signs) the equation is true? Thanks! No. In the first case for an $$x=\frac{1}{2}$$ ($$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$) you get that the equation is true $$1=1$$ it's like saying ALWAYS TRUE. But in the second case for an $$x>1$$ you get x=1, but since x>1 that is not true Statement 1 is not sufficient VP Status: Far, far away! Joined: 02 Sep 2012 Posts: 1122 Location: Italy Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship GPA: 3.8 Followers: 190 Kudos [?]: 2097 [2] , given: 219 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 17 Jun 2013, 09:14 2 This post received KUDOS WholeLottaLove wrote: Ok, this is how I look at it: x>1 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + (x-1) = 1 2x = 2 x = 1 x = 1 which ISN'T greater than 1. Insufficient 0≤x<1 x = 1/2 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + -(x-1) =1 x+ -x +1 = 1 0=0 I'm not sure how to read this. Does 0=0 mean that the statement is sufficient or does it mean that x=0 and because x≥0 the statement is sufficient? Thanks! 0=0, and 1=1,... means that that equation is always true. You should read the results as follow: x>1 x = 1 which ISN'T greater than 1. So in this case the equation if FALSE (as 1 does not equal a value greater than 1) 0≤x<1 0=0. So in this case the equation in TRUE( because 0=0 always) So from statement 1 you get two different results (F/T)=> not sufficient _________________ It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience. Kant , Critique of Pure Reason Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b] Senior Manager Joined: 13 May 2013 Posts: 468 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 172 [0], given: 134 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 17 Jun 2013, 09:33 Okay, that's what I thought. Thank you. Zarrolou wrote: WholeLottaLove wrote: Ok, this is how I look at it: x>1 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + (x-1) = 1 2x = 2 x = 1 x = 1 which ISN'T greater than 1. Insufficient 0≤x<1 x = 1/2 |x| + |x-1| = 1 x + -(x-1) =1 x+ -x +1 = 1 0=0 I'm not sure how to read this. Does 0=0 mean that the statement is sufficient or does it mean that x=0 and because x≥0 the statement is sufficient? Thanks! 0=0, and 1=1,... means that that equation is always true. You should read the results as follow: x>1 x = 1 which ISN'T greater than 1. So in this case the equation if FALSE (as 1 does not equal a value greater than 1) 0≤x<1 0=0. So in this case the equation in TRUE( because 0=0 always) So from statement 1 you get two different results (F/T)=> not sufficient Manager Joined: 14 Dec 2011 Posts: 76 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 74 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 30 Jan 2014, 06:02 I went through the following link x-3-4-x-8-x-how-many-solutions-does-the-equation-148996.html and understand the following below. Quote: So the '=' sign can be put with x > 0 or with x < 0. We usually put it with 'x > 0' for consistency. When we are considering ranges, say, x < -8 ------ x is less than -8 -8 <= x < -3 ------- x is greater than or equal to -8 but less than -3 -3 <= x < 4 ------- x is greater than or equal to -3 but less than 4 x >=4 -------- x is greater than or equal to 4 We need to include the transition points (-8, -3, 4) somewhere so we include them with greater than sign. Mind you, we could have taken the ranges as x <= -8 -8 < x <= -3 -3 < x <= 4 x > 4 The above explanation is easily understandable but it creates a small doubt if i compare it with this question Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? (1) $$x\geq{0}$$ (2) $$x\leq{1}$$ Quote: Two check points for $$x$$: 0 and 1 (x=0 and x-1=0, x=1), thus three ranges to check: A. $$x<0$$ --> $$-x-x+1=1$$ --> $$x=0$$, not good as we are checking for $$x<0$$; B. $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ --> $$x-x+1=1$$ --> $$1=1$$, which is true. This means that in this range given equation holds true for all x-es; C. $$x>1$$ --> $$x+x-1=1$$ --> $$x=1$$, not good as we are checking for $$x>1$$. So we got that the equation $$|x|+|x-1|=1$$ holds true only in the range $$0\leq{x}\leq{1}$$ Here, we have to include the transition points (0 and 1) but only once. Are these okay, for B. $$0\leq{x}<1$$ --> 1=1 not in the range. for C. $$x\geq{1}$$ --> x = 1. It is in the range. Or A. $$x\leq{0}$$ --> x= 0, It is in the range. B. $$0<{x}\leq{1}$$ --> 1=1 It is also in the range. Are my ranges correct ? if yes, then i still don't feel close to the answer. Please give your views on it. Thanks & Regards Vinni Senior Manager Joined: 25 Mar 2013 Posts: 276 Location: United States Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Marketing GPA: 3.5 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 101 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 15 Feb 2014, 22:18 My answer is C its by plugging in method 1. From 1st equation , if x = 1 , then |x| + |x-1| = 1 , then its yes if x = 5 , 9 # 1 , so No so Equation 1 is No 2. From 2nd equation , of x = -1 , then its No x = 1 its yes so equation is No 3. using both , x = 0 then its Definite yes So C.. Is my approach is Right _________________ I welcome analysis on my posts and kudo +1 if helpful. It helps me to improve my craft.Thank you Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7370 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2282 Kudos [?]: 15082 [0], given: 224 Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1? [#permalink] Show Tags 16 Feb 2014, 20:40 kanusha wrote: My answer is C its by plugging in method 1. From 1st equation , if x = 1 , then |x| + |x-1| = 1 , then its yes if x = 5 , 9 # 1 , so No so Equation 1 is No 2. From 2nd equation , of x = -1 , then its No x = 1 its yes so equation is No 3. using both , x = 0 then its Definite yes So C.. Is my approach is Right Using both, you get 0 <= x <= 1 x can lie anywhere from 0 to 1. Just trying the extreme values is not a good idea. You must try some values from the middle too i.e. x = 1/2, 1/4 etc. Though establishing something by plugging in values is always tricky. You can try to negate a universal statement by looking for one value for which the statement doesn't hold but since you cannot try every value for which a statement must hold, its treacherous to depend on number plugging in this case. You should try to use logic. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: Is |x| + |x-1| = 1?   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2014, 20:40

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