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John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is

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John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Com [#permalink]

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John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company,is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

A)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for

B)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,leading to a lowering of rates for

C)which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to a lower rates for

D)who is currently working on a new project in the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for

E)has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by carcass on 27 Mar 2014, 03:43, edited 1 time in total.
Undelined the sentence

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Re: John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Com [#permalink]

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rrsnathan wrote:
John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company,is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

A)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for

B)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,leading to a lowering of rates for

C)which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to a lower rates for

D)who is currently working on a new project in the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for

E)has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for


This is a fun one! We have some easy splits for these answer choices, making it quite easy to narrow in on the correct answer.

First and foremost, get rid of that modifying phrase separating the main subject and the main verb:

"John,..., ..."

Looking at the answer choices we can either have a verb or a clause after our main subject. Let's look at the answer choices with "which" and "who" to see if we get a suitable main verb later in the sentence. Well answer choice (C) doesn't work since it is one long clause and no main verb appears at the end. Answer choice (D) is even worse. It just adds another clause to the end of the first clause. So both of these answer choices fail since there is no main verb.

Now we are left with answer choices that contain a main verb. Answer choice (E) stands out for not being a simple verb tense. Anytime have a verb tense, I check the sentence to see if we are dealing with more than one period of time. In this sentence, we are not trying to establish different time periods for an event so I quickly toss this answer choice out.

Alright, phew! When I make it to two answer choices, I know things are going well and I am getting close. But I also know that this is when I really need to focus and pay attention to the subtleties of the sentence. No more easier throw aways. So what is the major difference between (A) and (B)? Well, it comes at the end. Do we need to create a "which" clause or can we merely have a participle phrase. Well, in this case since we have a "that" clause immediately preceding this part of the sentence, a "which" clause is a little suspect. The modification of the preceding noun is too far away. Whereas if we use a participle phrase, then we can easily convey the result of the "project." Furthermore, with the participle phrase, we have a more concise construction that avoids extra verbiage, such as "will lead." Always side with the more concise construction. Thus, we have our answer! :)

I hope this helps! :)
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Re: John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Com [#permalink]

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Re: John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Com [#permalink]

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John,a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Com [#permalink]

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In this one, it is absolutely vital to remember that we are not dealing with a listing, we are dealing with a causal scenario.
Here, the project>revolution of the industry>lowering of the rates

A)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for - which refers to the industry, but the industry doesn't cause the lowering, the project does. Hence, A is wrong

B)is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry,leading to a lowering of rates for - CORRECT

C)which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to a lower rates for - This sentence has several errors, and you may choose to eliminate any one of the ways, separated by "+"; which refers to the industry, but the industry doesn't cause the lowering, the project does + a lower rates + "and also lead" shifts the sentence from a causal to a listing, hence, the meaning is changed

D)who is currently working on a new project in the telecommunication industry,which will lead to a lowering of rates for -
which refers to the industry, but the industry doesn't cause the lowering, the project does. Hence, D is wrong

E)has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for - "as well as" shifts the meaning of the sentence from a causal to a listing + has been working/is currently working, the usage of either of the two makes sense, but the usage of both together doesn't make sense
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QOTD #24 John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell [#permalink]

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John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

(A) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
(B) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for
(C) which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for
(D) who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
(E) has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for
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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 09:20
carcass wrote:
John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

(A) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
(B) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for
(C) which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for
(D) who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
(E) has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for



(A) Which incorrectly refers to the telecommunications industry.
(B) The correct answer. Leading acts as an adverbial modifier modifying
the action of the entire previous clause.
(C) Which incorrectly refers to The Bell Company. This sentence does not contain
a main verb; it just has two back to back modifying phrases. The use of the
infinitive to revolutionize makes it appear as if the purpose of the project is to
revolutionize whereas this is just the side effect of the project.
(D) The sentence does not have a main verb; it just contains several back to back
modifying phrases and relative clauses
(E) Doesn’t look too bad until you realize that the use of currently implies the
present tense only, so we cannot use the present perfect tense has been (which
implies that the action started in the past). Also this sentence incorrectly
suggests that the new project will do two things – revolutionize the industry and
lower the rates – whereas the project will just revolutionise the industry and this
fact will lower the rates.

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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 09:36
carcass wrote:
John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

(A) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
which incorrectly modifies industry which nonsensically changes the meaning.

(B) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for
Correct option. "verb+ing" form properly denotes the cause and action.

(C) which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for
Which is used for non living things/objects. Not for humans.

(D) who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for
"who" makes this sentence a fragment. there is no subject.

(E) has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for
as well as is changing the meaning.


Correct answer is B

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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 09:44
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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 09:47
carcass wrote:
please whenever a question is good and useful, give kudos.

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Also, if the answers posted are correct and are useful, they should be given a kudo. Not only will that increase participation, but also motivate people in their gmat prep.

Just a suggestion!

Thanks!

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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 15:10
John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

(A) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for - meaning error - telcom industry will not lead to lowering of rates
(B) is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for - correct choice - leading correctly modifying the preceding clause to show result
(C) which is currently working on a new project to revolutionize the telecommunication industry and also lead to lower rates for - use of which is wrong here
(D) who is currently working on a new revolutionary project in the telecommunication industry, which will lead to a lowering of rates for - verb is missing for John
(E) has been currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry as well as lower the rates for - same as A meaning error - project will not lower the rates but the result of revolution in the communication industry

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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 16:41
I am going with B

John is currently working on a new project that will revolutionize the telecommunication industry, leading to a lowering of rates for making international calls.

Even though not required here, rates for and rates of is something GMAT tests a lot. rates of= Measure; and rates for= price change.

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Re: John, a resident of Lake City and an employee of The Bell Company, is   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 16:41
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