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Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o

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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 16:28
Can someone explain number 2? My answer was C, because the second paragraph mentions the exaggeration the Glathaar makes which could be interpreted as a generalization, since the author mentions in the end that phrase with Chauvism.

As it stands, the OA only refers to the first paragraph, and not the whole passage.

Can someone please elaborate for me?
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 20:55
Hi All,

I'm agree with all of you about 3rd question's explaination.
OA is D but I'm a bit confused for C as well.

If someone can clarify me please.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 11:33
Need help with question 4 please.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 11:44
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Bounce1987 wrote:
Need help with question 4 please.


appropriately emphasising the campaign by Black soldiers and their officers to get the opportunity to fight.

Author of the passage says that Glatthaar appropriately emphasises the campaign...

Hope this helps!
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 12:11
Time Taken - 16 mins

Got 5/8 correct. The last few questions were confusing and hence got them wrong.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 06:49
I got all of them right? it should be marked as sub-600 level and i wish to see such easy passages in real exam
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 02:44
Can anyone please give me detail explaination of Q7?
I can locate the relevant information - the "exaggerate" part but still don't know the meaning of option D in Q7. Though I could choose it by eliminating the other options
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 07:57
All correct except Q4 in 13 mins 30 seconds, including 5 mins to read
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 19:17
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Quote:
7. Which of the following best describes the kind of error attributed to Glatthaar in lines 25-28 [In trying to demonstrate the magnitude of this attitudinal change, however, Glatthaar seems to exaggerate the prewar racism of the White men who became officers in Black regiments.]?

(A) Insisting on an unwarranted distinction between two groups of individuals in order to render an argument concerning them internally consistent
(B) Supporting an argument in favor of a given interpretation of a situation with evidence that is not particularly relevant to the situation
(C) Presenting a distorted view of the motives of certain individuals in order to provide grounds for a negative evaluation of their actions
(D) Describing the conditions prevailing before a given event in such a way that the contrast with those prevailing after the event appears more striking than it actually is
(E) Asserting that a given event is caused by another event merely because the other event occurred before the given event occurred

lichting wrote:
Can anyone please give me detail explaination of Q7?
I can locate the relevant information - the "exaggerate" part but still don't know the meaning of option D in Q7. Though I could choose it by eliminating the other options

First of all, great job using process of elimination! If you've found four wrong answers, then you've found the correct answer :)

Glatthaar suggests that the white officers had "powerful racial prejudices" before the war and that fighting alongside black soldiers during the war changed those prejudices (the black soldiers "fought their way into the respect of all the army"). In other words, Glatthaar suggests that the white officers were very racist before the war and much less racist after the war.

But the author suggests that Glatthaar is exaggerating this change. The author says that the pre-war racism of many white officers was not as "powerful" a Glatthaar suggests. Many of those white officers were abolitionists who spent years fighting AGAINST racial prejudice even before the war started. Those officers may have gained respect for the black units as soldiers, but that doesn't necessarily mean that the officers went from being racist to not being racist. They may not have been very racist before the war even started.

Quote:
(D) Describing the conditions prevailing before a given event in such a way that the contrast with those prevailing after the event appears more striking than it actually is

Thus, Glatthaar describes the conditions prevailing before the war (i.e. the prewar racism of white officers) in such a way that the contrast with their POST-war racism seems more striking (i.e. more noticeable) than it actually was.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 19:35
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Thank you a lot GMATNinja. Totally clear and concise :)
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2018, 16:16
How do we know that its referring to a scholarly study?
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 23:30
anish823 wrote:
How do we know that its referring to a scholarly study?

I assume you are referring to the first question...

Quote:
1. The passage as a whole can best be characterized as which of the following?

(A) An evaluation of a scholarly study
(B) A description of an attitudinal change
(C) A discussion of an analytical defect
(D) An analysis of the causes of a phenomenon
(E) An argument in favor of revising a view

There are many clues from which we can infer that this is a scholarly study. For example, in the first sentence, the author refers to Glatthaar's work as an "excellent study of Black soldiers and their White officers in the Civil War." Later in the first paragraph the author says that, "Glatthaar’s title expresses his thesis" (a "thesis" could surely be the topic of a scholarly study).

We are also told that Glatthaar's work "concentrates more intensely on Black-White relations in Black regiments than do any of its predecessors." So while the passage never explicitly refers to the work as a "scholarly study", it is clear that the work examines race relations in the Civil War era. This certainly sounds like a scholarly (or "academic") study.

More importantly, choice (A) is better than any of the other choices, which you should try to eliminate using POE.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 07:57
Can someone explain question 5. It says that Black units' disease mortality rates were especially high because of the nature of these units' usual duty assignments.

According to the passage, Black units served in rear-echelon assignments and worked in labor battalions. So, what exactly was the issue with the nature of "rear-echelon assignments and labor battalions"? I had the impression that the working conditions and hygiene issues were there, but this was not really related to "nature of duty", but more related to the living conditions. Where did I get it wrong.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 11:47
Hi GMATNinja


4. The passage mentions which of the following as an important theme that receives special emphasis in Glatthaar's book?

(A) The attitudes of abolitionist officers in Black units
(B) The struggle of black units to get combat assignments
(C) The consequences of the poor medical care received by Black soldiers
(D) The motives of officers serving in Black units
(E) The discrimination that Black soldiers faced when trying for promotions

can you please explain why choice A is incorrect? I know why B is correct but I can't find enough grounds to eliminate A. After all, there is a whole parg dedicated to it.

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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2018, 07:24
Took 11 minutes 12 seconds.
Got 7/8 correct. Missed the trick for question 5. Could have got that right had I not been hasty. Overall a good passage to practice. Quite possible to see such a passage in the exam.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 07:32
Hello surat,

Why A is not the answer to question number 8?
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2018, 22:06
jackspire Answer choice A is the opposite of what we want. The passage defines generational chauvinism as judging the past by present standards. A is a case of judging someone in the present based on what other people did in the past.
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2018, 18:45
Hi GMATNinja,

I was wondering could you please explain why Q5 OA is C? From the passage I was able to infer that Black units' disease mortality rates were high based on the following sentence from the passage "Thus, while their combat death rate was only one-third that of White units, their mortality rate from disease, a major killer in this war, was twice as great". My question is how can we infer the bold part in the following sentence: "Black units' disease mortality rates were especially high because of the nature of these units' usual duty assignments.. I was confused on this latter part and ended up picking the wrong option because I was not able to infer that their mortality rates were high because of the nature of their duty assignments. Could you please help in regards to this? Would greatly appreciate it!
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2018, 05:13
15 MINS


2 WRONG

1 WAS A SILLY MISTAKE
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Re: Joseph Glatthaar’s Forged in Battle is not the first excellent study o  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 14:17
Sorry for the delay on these questions! Feel free to use the request verbal experts' reply button so that we're a little bit more likely to see your question.

oasis90 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

4. The passage mentions which of the following as an important theme that receives special emphasis in Glatthaar's book?

(A) The attitudes of abolitionist officers in Black units
(B) The struggle of black units to get combat assignments
(C) The consequences of the poor medical care received by Black soldiers
(D) The motives of officers serving in Black units
(E) The discrimination that Black soldiers faced when trying for promotions

can you please explain why choice A is incorrect? I know why B is correct but I can't find enough grounds to eliminate A. After all, there is a whole parg dedicated to it.

Choice (A) is tempting, but take a second look at the last two sentences in paragraph #2. A White officer is quoted, but these sentences are discussing the attitudes of White soldiers, not abolitionist officers. Then, to demonstrate this "attitudinal change..., Glatthaar seems to exaggerate the prewar racism of the White men who became officers in Black regiments."

Yes, Glatthaar mentions the attitudes of abolitionist officers in Black units but only to make a broader point about the shift in attitudes. In doing so, Glatthaar "misrepresents the attitudes of the many abolitionists who became officers in Black regiments." So the point of the 3rd paragraph is not that Glatthaar gives special emphasis to the attitudes of abolitionist officers. Instead, the point is that Glatthaar's description of their attitudes (i.e. 'virtually all of them held powerful racial prejudices') is misleading.

Although Glatthaar certainly mentions the attitudes of these officers, were are not told that Glatthaar gives special emphasis to those attitudes. We are specifically told that Glatthaar appropriately emphasizes "the campaign by Black soldiers and their officers to get the opportunity to fight", so (B) is a much better answer.

Nived wrote:
Can someone explain question 5. It says that Black units' disease mortality rates were especially high because of the nature of these units' usual duty assignments.

According to the passage, Black units served in rear-echelon assignments and worked in labor battalions. So, what exactly was the issue with the nature of "rear-echelon assignments and labor battalions"? I had the impression that the working conditions and hygiene issues were there, but this was not really related to "nature of duty", but more related to the living conditions. Where did I get it wrong.

csaluja wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

I was wondering could you please explain why Q5 OA is C? From the passage I was able to infer that Black units' disease mortality rates were high based on the following sentence from the passage "Thus, while their combat death rate was only one-third that of White units, their mortality rate from disease, a major killer in this war, was twice as great". My question is how can we infer the bold part in the following sentence: "Black units' disease mortality rates were especially high because of the nature of these units' usual duty assignments.. I was confused on this latter part and ended up picking the wrong option because I was not able to infer that their mortality rates were high because of the nature of their duty assignments. Could you please help in regards to this? Would greatly appreciate it!

The author tells us that most Black units were kept serving "in rear-echelon assignments and working in labor battalions. Thus, while their combat death rate was only one-third that of White units, their mortality rate from disease, a major killer in this war, was twice as great."

The use of the word "Thus" allows us to infer that because Black units were kept in rear-echelon assignments and NOT given as many opportunities to fight (i.e. in the front), their combat death rate was lower. Furthermore, because Black units were kept in rear-echelon assignments and working in labor battalions, their mortality rate from disease was twice as great.

Even though we don't know what specifically caused the higher disease rates in those jobs, we can infer that something about working in rear-echelon assignments and in labor battalions increased mortality rates from disease. In other words, we can infer that being assigned to these duties increased your chances of catching fatal diseases.

We don't know why that is true, but we can infer that something about those duties (i.e. something inherent to those duties... the nature of those duties) made units assigned to those duties more likely to contract fatal diseases. Thus, the passage suggests (though it does not prove) that the disease mortality rates of Black units during the Civil War were especially high because of the nature of these units' usual duty assignments.

Choice (C) is the best answer.
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