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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies

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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:00
5
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A
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E

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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.

In the journalist’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion.
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim.
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.

 

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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:23
1
The first boldface has no supporting premise so we cannot call it a conclusion.

Eliminate (A) and (B)

First boldface says that the government is credited for rise in GDP and the second gives an alternate reason for rise in GDP so the two boldfaces are not in agreement

We can eliminate (C) and (D)

IMO, Answer is (E)
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:23
1
The approach for bold face question should first to find out conclusion of the argument and then find out how the bold face lines are related to the conclusion of the argument. In this argument, there is no conclusion though.
1st Bold face - It is an opinion/claim of someone else, not by author.
2nd Bold Face - Its fact/ evidence provided by the author which goes against the opinion given in BF1.

Choice E states it correctly.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:27
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In BF questions, we need to identify conclusion of the argument and then role of each BF sentence towards the conclusion. Here, the journalist argues that it is positive global economic trends that led to higher GDP and not purely governmental policies. Hence, the first BF is opinion that argument tries to evaluate, while the second is counter argument to weaken the first one and support the conclusion. Only E does the job.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:28
1
positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments introduces a new cause/explanation for the increased GDP. This premise contradicts the experts opinion that refer to the government policies alone as the reason for the stated increase, so the journalist mentioned the Experts opinion in order to evaluate the logic behind it ( or even weaken it)

E is the only option that clearly addresses this relationship.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:29
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1- Opinion of experts
2- Main conclusion with the reasons in opposition to opinion in unfolded portion
Hence E

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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:33
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Statement 1- Journalist are trying to evaluate this statement that is given by the experts.

Statement 2 implies that positive global economic trends is also responsible for the increase in the GDP. Hence statement 2 opposes the opinion mentioned in statement 1.

IMO E
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Jul 2019, 22:38
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Think E is the answer.

Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.

Boldface1 "Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product" is an opinion given by the experts which the journalist claims is not entirely correct based on the second sentence " A deeper analysis will suggest that" and the second boldface"positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments" gives evidence to that.

In the journalist’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion.
First is not the main conclusion.
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
First is not the main conclusion.
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish.
Both the statements oppose each other so incorrect
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim.
First is a claim that the argument opposes, so incorrect.
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.
Correct. First statement is is mentioned as an opinion which is opposed later on, while the second bold face gives reasons why the first isn't entirely true.

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Originally posted by prashanths on 02 Jul 2019, 08:34.
Last edited by prashanths on 02 Jul 2019, 22:38, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:38
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My answer is (E). This is a relatively straightforward bold text question. We just need to read the prompt carefully, and determine:
"Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product." - This is what "experts" believe, but the journalist does not necessarily agree.
"positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments" is one factor the journalist points out to show that the recent rise of GDP is positively influenced by other factors.

(A) Eliminated because it says "The first is the main conclusion of the argument"
(B) Eliminated for the same reason as (A)
(C) Eliminated as the first does not support the main point.
(D) Eliminated because the first is not the claim the journalist seeks to establish.
(E) The correct answer. Even if we change "to evaluate" to "to discredit", it is still the right answer.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:38
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.

In the journalist’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion. ----> INCORRECT The first is not the main conclusion of the argument. The first is the consideration of the expert.
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion. ----> INCORRECT Same as A.
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish. -----> INCORRECT Both the bold face are in opposite direction.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim. ---> INCORRECT The author does not support the first bold face.
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.----> CORRECT. The author starts with evaluating the expert consideration and later provides evidence that goes against the expert's consideration.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:40
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First part and second part are in opposite direction, while first is a premise which is being discussed.

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion. - First is not the main conclusion
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion. Same as A + second opposes first part
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish. parts are against each other
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim. parts are against each other
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion. Correct, as per the initial analysis
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:40
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IMO E ;
Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.

In the journalist’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion.
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim.
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:40
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First Bold face: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product
=Opinion of the experts. the journalist wants go deeper/ evaluate. (A deeper analysis will suggest).
Second Bold face: positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments (Real reason for or the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product; the government policies alone IS NOT the main reason.)=> an evidence to oppose the experts opinion.
ONLY E fits.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:40
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.


E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.

The author clearly intends to evaluate/present his view about the 1st bold statement. A deeper analysis will suggest that.... preludes his opinion. Then he goes on and presents other factors, besides govt. policies, responsible for increasing GDP, rejecting the claim that policies alone were responsible.
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Jul 2019, 08:45
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In the argument,
Journalist first gives the claim made by the experts in the first line of the passage i.e BF1 and then claims that the global trend and crude oil prices were equally involved in the result. This goes against the claim made by experts as the word 'alone' is present in the claim.
only option E suggests that the two BFs are opposing ideas, hence option E.

Originally posted by techloverforever on 02 Jul 2019, 08:42.
Last edited by techloverforever on 02 Jul 2019, 08:45, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:45
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A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion. - first is not main conclusion, it's an opinion
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion. - first is not main conclusion, it's an opinion, second gives evidence to oppose the first
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish. - first is not main conclusion, it's an opinion, second gives evidence to oppose the first
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim. - first is a claim that the argument seeks to evaluate, second gives evidence to oppose the first
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion. - Correct
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:45
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. A deeper analysis will suggest that during the period under consideration, positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments and falling price of crude oil led to the reduced cost of imports and more affordable operations for a significant proportion of public and private sector enterprises.

In the journalist’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second opposes that conclusion.
The first is definitely not a conclusion since it is Expert's opinion. Incorrect
B. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
The first is definitely not a conclusion since it is Expert's opinion. Incorrect
C. Both support the main point that the argument seeks to establish.
The first is an opinion which second tries to oppose. Incorrect
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to establish; the second provides evidence in support of that claim.
The first is an opinion which second tries to oppose. Incorrect
E. The first is an opinion that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence that opposes that opinion.
The first is an opinion which second tries to oppose. Correct

IMO E
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Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Jul 2019, 08:49
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The argument is like this:
There is a belief about the cause of a certain effect. In the given argument, the author refutes the belief by suggesting alternating cause to the effect in question.

So looking at the bold faced statements alone:
BF1: Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product.
BF2: positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments

It's clear that BF1 and BF2 are in opposite direction. Also we know that BF1 is a belief of the people, so it can't be claim. BF2 is also not a claim. So till here option A,B,D are out

Option C suggests both support the main conclusion. Which is wrong. BF2 supports main conclusion and conclusion refutes BF1.

Option E is best suited as our answer.

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Originally posted by rish2708 on 02 Jul 2019, 08:48.
Last edited by rish2708 on 02 Jul 2019, 08:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:48
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Simple. Experts give credit to the government policies alone for the recent rise in country’s gross domestic product. This is only an opinion held by some experts and is not a fact. positive global economic trends led to great foreign direct and indirect investments this provides evidence of why the GDP might have actually risen and opposes the opinion put forward by the experts.

(E) is the correct answer choice.
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:49
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I think E is the answer because first bold sentence differs a lot with second bold sentence and also second bold sentence opposes first bold sentence. Therefore, E is the correct choice
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Re: Journalist: Experts give credit to the government policies   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2019, 08:49

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