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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
4
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1. It can be inferred from the passage that "inhabitants" (Highlighted)

A. were resident in colonial settlements year-round. Incorrect. Towns attracted other settlers so they may not be colonial settlements year around.
B. included both voting and non-voting members of the community. Incorrect. Proprietors were voters.
C. consisted solely of those residents of a town who were members of a church congregation. Incorrect. It included church congregation but not solely them.
D. exercised control of political power in an arbitrary and capricious manner. Incorrect. They exercised control but nowhere mentioned in the passage that the control was arbitrary.
E. were those members of a community who owned land and controlled political power. Correct. It is mentioned in the passage "Although such exclusive control of affairs by “inhabitants” often led to con tention, their monopoly over power and land was repeatedly sustained by higher levels of colonial authority."

2. With which of the following statements about New England towns would the author of the passage most likely agree?

A. The fact that power was distributed based on land ownership was a fundamentally democratic method of organizing early local governments. Incorrect. Land ownership challenged the democratic governments.
B. Individual interests in the towns were often subverted by communal goals and decisions. Incorrect. This is not mentioned in the passage.
C. Political control was equated with land ownership no matter what the population or geographic locations of those towns. Correct. It is supported by the last line of the passage.
D. The control of colonial affairs by land proprietors was an issue of debate and contention within the church hierarchy. Incorrect. Author mentions that church congregation had not right to vote or control but nowhere he intends that the issues were debated.
E. The concentration of political power in the hands of town proprietors was necessary to ensure the smooth functioning of early settlements. Incorrect. The author nowhere in the passage intends that the concentration of political power was necessary.

3. Which of the following questions can be answered conclusively by the information in the passage?

A. Were town proprietors individuals of great wealth and aristocratic backgrounds?. Incorrect town proprietors were individuals with political power but wealth is not mentioned anywhere.
B. Was there extensive disagreement over matters of property and political power between proprietors and local clergymen? Incorrect. No mention of any disagreement over matters of property and political power.
C. Did the town proprietors have the support of colonial officials for the manner in which they administered the affairs of early settlements? Correct. It is supported by following lines "Although such exclusive control of affairs by “inhabitants” often led to con tention, their monopoly over power and land was repeatedly sustained by higher levels of colonial authority."
D. As share-holders in land corporations, did seventeenth-century proprietors have the right to vote for their board of directors? Incorrect. Land corporations is mentioned but nothing discussed about voting for Board of Directors of land corporations.
E. Could town proprietors legally pass their titles, rights and responsibilities to their heirs? Incorrect no such information in the passage.
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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
I have a doubt on Option E of Question #2
The argument says that "Exhaustive studies of town records show that the proprietors played an essential and pervasive role in town building and founding."
The argument says that their role was essential. Doesn't that imply that vesting the political powers with the proprietors was necessary for early settlement?
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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
PSP92 wrote:
I have a doubt on Option E of Question #2
The argument says that "Exhaustive studies of town records show that the proprietors played an essential and pervasive role in town building and founding."
The argument says that their role was essential. Doesn't that imply that vesting the political powers with the proprietors was necessary for early settlement?


Yes that;s what i thought so and i chose answer E.
Can experts elaborate on this?
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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
Expert Reply
junii wrote:
PSP92 wrote:
I have a doubt on Option E of Question #2
The argument says that "Exhaustive studies of town records show that the proprietors played an essential and pervasive role in town building and founding."
The argument says that their role was essential. Doesn't that imply that vesting the political powers with the proprietors was necessary for early settlement?


Yes that;s what i thought so and i chose answer E.
Can experts elaborate on this?


Please read the expert's analysis on question #2 in the link below

https://gmatclub.com/forum/land-proprie ... l#p1212928

Best.
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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
Hello Sajjad1994 can you share the OE of Ques 5 if possible.
Thanks.
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Re: Land proprietors profoundly shaped the New England town from [#permalink]
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