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Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this

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Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2015, 22:06
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:02) correct 42% (02:03) wrong based on 454 sessions

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Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this year’s ballot, would prohibit the ownership of handguns within the city’s limits. Under the plan, gun owners would have a 90-day grace period to turn in their weapons to authorities. Proponents of the proposition argue that fewer handguns on the streets would lead to less violent crime, making the city safer for all of its citizens. Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect. Since only law abiding citizens would honor the ban, armed criminals would not only keep their weapons but would also have the confidence to act with impunity on a population that could no longer defend itself. In the letter to the editor, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. The first is an observation that the author uses to support a particular position; the second is that position.

B. The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the author believes to be true; the second offers evidence to contradict this pattern.

C. The first is a position that the author argues will not hold in this case; the second is the author’s position.

D. The first is a prediction that the author believes to be untrue. The second is a statement of fact that undermines the author’s position.

E. The first is a direct relationship that the author believes will not hold in this case; the second offers evidence in support of the author’s position.


This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2015, 22:35
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1
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this year’s ballot, would prohibit the ownership of handguns within the city’s limits. Under the plan, gun owners would have a 90-day grace period to turn in their weapons to authorities. Proponents of the proposition argue that fewer handguns on the streets would lead to less violent crime, making the city safer for all of its citizens. Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect. Since only law abiding citizens would honor the ban, armed criminals would not only keep their weapons but would also have the confidence to act with impunity on a population that could no longer defend itself. In the letter to the editor, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

the main position is Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect

A. The first is an observation that the author uses to support a particular position; the second is that position.
the second boldface is not the position... incorrect

B. The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the author believes to be true; the second offers evidence to contradict this pattern.
close but the first cause and effect is not supported but argued against by the author... so incorrect

C. The first is a position that the author argues will not hold in this case; the second is the author’s position.
same as A

D. The first is a prediction that the author believes to be untrue. The second is a statement of fact that undermines the author’s position.
the second boldface is in support of author's position... so incorrect

E. The first is a direct relationship that the author believes will not hold in this case; the second offers evidence in support of the author’s position.
correct...
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2015, 14:50
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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this year’s ballot, would prohibit the ownership of handguns within the city’s limits. Under the plan, gun owners would have a 90-day grace period to turn in their weapons to authorities. Proponents of the proposition argue that fewer handguns on the streets would lead to less violent crime, making the city safer for all of its citizens. Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect. Since only law abiding citizens would honor the ban, armed criminals would not only keep their weapons but would also have the confidence to act with impunity on a population that could no longer defend itself. In the letter to the editor, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an observation that the author uses to support a particular position; the second is that position.

B. The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the author believes to be true; the second offers evidence to contradict this pattern.

C. The first is a position that the author argues will not hold in this case; the second is the author’s position.

D. The first is a prediction that the author believes to be untrue. The second is a statement of fact that undermines the author’s position.

E. The first is a direct relationship that the author believes will not hold in this case; the second offers evidence in support of the author’s position.


Nice question. Its down to C and E and C is the tempting answer, which is so often the wrong choice. The second is not the author's position. The author's position is that the ban will have the opposite effect. Answer E correctly states that the first is a relationship that the author thinks won't hold and the second is the premise on which the author bases his position, which is that the ban won't work (because of the fact that criminals.... and the fact that people...).
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2015, 00:22
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Down to C and E.

In C, the 2nd BF is said to be the "author's position". This is not true. The 2nd BF is evidence in support of the "author's position". "Author's position" is " Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect."- the line before the 2nd BF. Notice the keyword "Since" in the non-boldened part of the sentence carrying the 2nd BF? This again tells us that the author is talking about facts and hence this sentence will tell us about evidence and not the author's stand.

E is perfect as it removes the follies of C.

BF1: "direct relationship"-Check
"author believes"-Check
"in this case"-Check

BF2: "evidence"-Check
"in support of the author's position"-Check
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2015, 09:46
gocoder wrote:
Does 'position' refer to conclusion

Position refers to author's stand. Basically, something which author defends or agrees upon.
While mostly it could be the conclusion, it is still possible that it could be anything else. For instance, it could be intermediate conclusion.
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Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Sep 2018, 20:10

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The author of the letter believes that the city’s proposed handgun ban will actually make the city a more dangerous place. In support of this prediction, the author offers the second boldfaced portion of the argument: an assertion that criminals will feel increased confidence to act since their victims will no longer be armed. This assertion contradicts the first boldfaced portion of the argument, a relationship between fewer guns and less violent crime cited by proponents of the ban.


(A) The first boldface portion argues that the handgun ban would lead to less violent crime, a position that directly contradicts the author’s stated position. The second boldface portion offers support for the author’s position, but is not the position itself.

(B) The first boldface portion is a pattern of cause and effect that the author believes not to be true in this case. By demonstrating that violent crime will increase, the second boldface portion does offer evidence to contradict the first boldface pattern.

(C) The first boldface portion does present a position that the author argues will not hold in this case. The second boldface portion, however, is not the author’s position; instead, it offers evidence in support of the author’s position.

(D) The first boldface portion is a prediction that the author believes to be untrue. The second boldface portion, however, does not undermine the author’s position that the handgun ban will increase violent crime. Instead, it supports the author’s position.

(E) CORRECT. The first boldface portion shows a direct relationship between the number of handguns and violent crime; proponents cite this relationship to support the handgun ban, but the author refutes this relationship. The second boldface portion provides evidence to support the author’s position that the handgun ban will actually make the citizens of the city less safe.
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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 29 Mar 2015, 18:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Sep 2018, 20:10, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted.
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 05:59
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this year’s ballot, would prohibit the ownership of handguns within the city’s limits. Under the plan, gun owners would have a 90-day grace period to turn in their weapons to authorities. Proponents of the proposition argue that fewer handguns on the streets would lead to less violent crime, making the city safer for all of its citizens. Unfortunately, the ban would actually have the opposite effect. Since only law abiding citizens would honor the ban, armed criminals would not only keep their weapons but would also have the confidence to act with impunity on a population that could no longer defend itself. In the letter to the editor, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an observation that the author uses to support a particular position; the second is that position.

B. The first is a pattern of cause and effect that the author believes to be true; the second offers evidence to contradict this pattern.

C. The first is a position that the author argues will not hold in this case; the second is the author’s position.

D. The first is a prediction that the author believes to be untrue. The second is a statement of fact that undermines the author’s position.

E. The first is a direct relationship that the author believes will not hold in this case; the second offers evidence in support of the author’s position.



Let us categorize the two statements as BF1 and BF2 respectively.
Background: Ban to prohibit handguns.
Proponents: Justify this ban - fewer handguns-- less violent crime--safer ( Claim of proponents, not in line with author - BF1)
Main Point: Plan will have opposite effect.
Support to main point: armed criminals would not change and this will make the population more defence-less( Support to MP- BF2)

A) Part1- BF1 is not an observation, it is a claim,which author doesnt support. BF2- is not a position, rather support to MP
B) BF1- Although cause and effect, author doesnt believe in it. BF2- true.
C) BF1- Correct, it is a position and author doesnt believe in it. BF2- is support to MP not MP itself.
D) BF1- Correct, it is a prediction and author doesnt believe in it. BF2- supports MP not undermines.
E) BF1- Correct, relation as far as sequence is concerned, author doesnt believe in it. BF2- Evidence in support of MP- True. - Correct Answer
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 12:46
mikemcgarry GMATNinja : Can someone explain why E is better than C? How is the second "evidence"?
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Re: Letter to the editor: Proposition Q, a controversial measure on this &nbs [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 12:46
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