GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Aug 2019, 04:43

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# M05-14

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57237

### Show Tags

16 Sep 2014, 00:25
3
22
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:11) correct 44% (02:43) wrong based on 93 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Two cities, Kensington, MD and Reston, VA are 30 km apart. From both of these cities, simultaneously, two hikers start their journeys towards each other. They are walking at a constant speed of 5 km/hour each. Simultaneously, a fly leaves the city of Kensington. It flies at the speed of 10 km/hour and passes the hiker from its city. When it reaches the Reston hiker, it turns around and flies back to the Kensington hiker. It keeps doing so until the hikers meet. If the fly lands on the shoulder of the Kensington hiker as he continues his journey to Reston at the moment the two hikers meet, how many kilometers has the fly flown?

A. 25
B. 30
C. 37.5
D. 45
E. 60

_________________
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57237

### Show Tags

16 Sep 2014, 00:25
7
2
Official Solution:

Two cities, Kensington, MD and Reston, VA are 30 km apart. From both of these cities, simultaneously, two hikers start their journeys towards each other. They are walking at a constant speed of 5 km/hour each. Simultaneously, a fly leaves the city of Kensington. It flies at the speed of 10 km/hour and passes the hiker from its city. When it reaches the Reston hiker, it turns around and flies back to the Kensington hiker. It keeps doing so until the hikers meet. If the fly lands on the shoulder of the Kensington hiker as he continues his journey to Reston at the moment the two hikers meet, how many kilometers has the fly flown?

A. 25
B. 30
C. 37.5
D. 45
E. 60

Calculate how long the fly was flying. We know that the fly flew until the two hikers met and they did so after $$\frac{30}{5+5} = 3$$ hours. Thus it was flying for 3 hours at 10 km/h and covered a distance of 30 km.

_________________
Intern
Joined: 31 Jul 2016
Posts: 27
Location: Singapore

### Show Tags

25 Dec 2016, 14:44
1
Damn!!! I feel so stupid seeing this solution, (I literally was calculating to and fro distance covered by the fly) Sometimes it just doesn't strike you in the test environment.
Intern
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 1

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2017, 06:58
The answer is 45. On the second half the fly travels with 5Km/h.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57237

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2017, 07:03
valentin.a wrote:
The answer is 45. On the second half the fly travels with 5Km/h.

It's not clear what you are trying to say but the answer is 30, as explained here: m05-183673.html#p1413998
_________________
Current Student
Joined: 23 Nov 2016
Posts: 72
Location: United States (MN)
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.51

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2017, 10:21
1
Bunuel, that is an amazing shortcut. For those who didn't see the shortcut (like me), this is also the sum of a geometric series, with the first term a = 20, and the common ratio r= 1/3. 20*(1/(1-1/3)) = 30.
Intern
Joined: 15 Mar 2017
Posts: 1

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2017, 17:45
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. ...But the explanation is very poor. What is the most efficient way to calculate the answer within 2 minutes? I had to draw this out and took way longer.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57237

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2017, 20:38
nealpatel89 wrote:
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. ...But the explanation is very poor. What is the most efficient way to calculate the answer within 2 minutes? I had to draw this out and took way longer.

The solution given IS in fact shortest and most efficient way to get the answer. It should take no more than 30 seconds. So, please re-read the solution and try to understand the logic behind it.
_________________
Intern
Joined: 11 Aug 2017
Posts: 3
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V45
GPA: 3.98

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2017, 04:45
hi bunnel,

in the first 2 hrs the fly travels 20 kms and at this point it reaches the man from Reston who has travelled 10 kms in this time.After this when it travels back along with the man from Reston,both men meet at another 5 kms.
So the fly has travelled 25 kms when it lands on the shoulder of the man from Kensington.

Where am i going wrong?
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7754

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2017, 06:50
1
yamini.mv wrote:
hi bunnel,

in the first 2 hrs the fly travels 20 kms and at this point it reaches the man from Reston who has travelled 10 kms in this time.After this when it travels back along with the man from Reston,both men meet at another 5 kms.
So the fly has travelled 25 kms when it lands on the shoulder of the man from Kensington.

Where am i going wrong?

Hi..
Where you are going wrong is Taking speed of fly also as 5km/h after it meets the other hiker

So the fly travels 20km and meets second hiker.
Then it turns back and moves with 10km/h to meet first hiker, and it will not meet him at 5km /h but they travel distance of 10km in combined speed of 10+5..... Time taken =10/15, so fly will travel 10*10/15 in this time..
And again turn back and move..

Best method is to find after how much time these hikers meet as nothing is hampering their move and then see how much that fly will travel in that time.
So distance 30 combined speed 5+5=10, so time taken =20/10=3h..
In 3h fly will travel 10*3=30
Ans
_________________
Intern
Joined: 03 Oct 2016
Posts: 7
Location: India
GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V36
GPA: 2.67

### Show Tags

20 Dec 2017, 23:11
This my first reply and let me tell the method given in the explanation is the best way to get the answer. I went into deep calculations and even though I got the answer I wouldn't have even gone down that road in the real test.
Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2019
Posts: 100
Concentration: Finance, Strategy

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2019, 12:02
Quote:
Two cities, Kensington, MD and Reston, VA are 30 km apart. From both of these cities, simultaneously, two hikers start their journeys towards each other. They are walking at a constant speed of 5 km/hour each. Simultaneously, a fly leaves the city of Kensington. It flies at the speed of 10 km/hour and passes the hiker from its city. When it reaches the Reston hiker, it turns around and flies back to the Kensington hiker. It keeps doing so until the hikers meet. If the fly lands on the shoulder of the Kensington hiker as he continues his journey to Reston at the moment the two hikers meet, how many kilometers has the fly flown?

I believe there is a flaw in the logic of the task.
When the fly meets the second hiker (from Reston), it flew 20km already. ($$2*10=20$$). It returns back to the first hiker (from Kensington). But the first hiker does not stop at the point of 10km, he moves forward with the speed of 5km/h. So does the second hiker. Thus, when the hikers meet, the fly cannot be in their meeting point, as its speed was 10km/h, not 5km/h, and it would be at the point of 10km, not 15km which is the meeting point for two hikers!
Re: M05-14   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2019, 12:02
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# M05-14

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel