GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Oct 2018, 11:56

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

General GMAT Forum Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 29 Jan 2015
Posts: 955
Location: India
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2017, 00:52
1
16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:35) correct 49% (01:44) wrong based on 446 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance loans amounting to over $1.1 trillion to the developing nations; at stake, if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these loans, would be the bankruptcy of some of the world's largest financial institutions.

A. if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these loans, would be
B. if a significant number of these loans will be repudiated, is
C. should a significant number of these loans be repudiated, is
D. should a significant number of these loans be repudiated, are
E. should they repudiate a significant number of these loans, are

_________________

If you liked my post, kindly give me a Kudos. Thanks.

Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2018, 06:19
4
Top Contributor
3
Sasi
Hi
Should is often used in conditional clauses expressing possibilities, suppositions etc. By using should in the if-clause we are suggesting that something is unlikely or not particularly probable.

If you should run into Mathews, tell him that he owes me $100. (= Your chances of meeting Mathews are rather slim, but if you MEET him, tell him that he owes me some money.)

More examples are given below

If she should come, ask her to wait. (She is unlikely to come, but if she COMES, ask her to wait.)
If they should attack us again, we will give them a warm reception. (They are unlikely to attack us again, but if they DO, we will make it memorable for them as well.)

Should can also go at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, if is dropped.

Should it rain, there will be no picnic today. (= If it should rain, there will be no picnic today.)
Should she arrive, ask her to wait.

Should she fail the test, she will lose her job. (= If she should fail the test, she will lose her job.)

Instead of should we can use happen in the if-clause.

If you happen to meet John, tell him that the meeting has been postponed.

OR

If you should meet John, tell him that the meeting has been postponed.

Should and happen to can be used together.

If you should happen to lose your job, what will you do?

Source: https://www.englishpractice.com/grammar ... ntences-2/

daagh
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

General Discussion
Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1208
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2017, 04:55
GMATNinja egmat mikemcgarry

Please help to identify the usage of IF vs SHOULD

I understood that we need a singular verb for subject bankruptcy.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Mar 2017
Posts: 67
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2017, 05:19
As per gmat, should can not take place of If Then construct.
Now coming back to the question.
A : since it contains would be , if part will need to be hypothetical subjunctive , and this is not the case here .
B : the tenses are all mixed up.
C: the sentence, though in hypothetical subjunctive, starts with should, and 'is ' is used
D and E both suffer from SV disagreement.
All the options don't fall in line IMO.

Sent from my Moto G (5) Plus using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Mar 2017
Posts: 12
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2017, 10:02
Can someone please explain y C is the OA
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 21 Mar 2016
Posts: 525
Reviews Badge
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2017, 11:27
narrowed down to B and C,,,

can any expert pitch in please,,,,
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 17 Oct 2016
Posts: 322
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GPA: 3.73
WE: Design (Real Estate)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2018, 04:37
Need expert help with this question. daagh, GMATNinja, mikemcgarry
_________________

Help with kudos if u found the post useful. Thanks

VP
VP
User avatar
V
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1264
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GMAT 1: 480 Q38 V22
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2018, 22:33
Hi, why use of "if " is incorrect and of "should" is correct?
_________________

"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 03 Mar 2018
Posts: 182
Premium Member
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Mar 2018, 00:25
at stake, should a significant number of these loans be repudiated, is be the bankruptcy of some of the world's largest financial institutions.

After semi colon we need an independent clause. So Experts, can anyone please explain the usage of "is" in the sentence and also the purpose of the phrase " should a significant number of these loans be repudiated"
_________________

Please mention my name in your valuable replies.

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 12:45
Top Contributor
This topic is a copycat of an original GMAT Prep question given below.

Developing nations in various parts of the world have amassed $700 billion in debts; at stake, should a significant number of these debts be repudiated, is the solvency of some of the world’s largest multinational banks.

(A) should a significant number of these debts be repudiated, is
(B) should a significant number of these debts be repudiated, are
(C) should they repudiate a significant number of these debts, are
(D) if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these debts, would be
(E) if a significant number of these debts will be repudiated, is


The current topic

Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance loans amounting to over $1.1 trillion to the developing nations; at stake, if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these loans, would be the bankruptcy of some of the world's largest financial institutions.

It is not clear what the author wants to convey by 'bankruptcy' at stake. Only the solvency or the survival is at stake. This is however beside the point.

A. if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these loans, would be
B. if a significant number of these loans will be repudiated, is
C. should a significant number of these loans be repudiated, is
D. should a significant number of these loans be repudiated, are
E. should they repudiate a significant number of these loans, are

Let us appreciate the two different meanings of the word 'should.' In normal sentences, 'should' is used as a modal helping verb to mean a suggestion or recommendation.
The second use of 'should' is known as 'the conditional should' and just indicates the same meaning as 'if.' Often, therefore , even the 'if' is dropped when 'should' is used in a conditional format.)

However, one vital aspect is the structural difference between both. In the modal, the main clause usually is in a plain subject-verb + object (SVO) form while in the conditional model, it is in an inverted form. ( modal plus subject plus base verb or the bare infinitive)
If you eat an egg a day, you can keep the Doctor away. (SVO)
Should you eat an egg a day, can you keep the Doctor away (the inversed form)

That is the reason we say that should the majority of the loan be defaulted, the solvency of the lenders themselves is at stake. Here the first part ' should the major significant number of these loans ' is the conditional closes while ' the solvency is at stake is the main clause.
As such, there is no problem with using 'if' instead of 'should. However, in the given contest
A is a problem because; we do not use ' would be' in first conditionals.
B also is grammatically at fault for using will be in the conditional clause. Therefore, C is the answer. D and E as we know contain an error of S-V number agreement for using the plural are for the singular bankruptcy.

_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 08 Sep 2017
Posts: 71
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 17:23
Can someone please fix this question? In the question stem, "be" must be underlined...
_________________

Kudos please if you liked my post


Thanks!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 31 May 2017
Posts: 322
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 18:49
In the underlined part " if there is a repudiation of a significant number of these loans, would be" , "be" is not underlined.

I realized this after reading the solution provided by daagh.
_________________

Please give kudos if it helps

Resources
Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT ! ! ! | SC Blogs by Magoosh | How to improve your verbal score | Things i wish i could've done earlier | Ultimate Q51 Guide

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance &nbs [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 18:49
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Major funding agencies have arranged for several assistance

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.