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Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu

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Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 02:51
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A
B
C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:13) correct 39% (01:19) wrong based on 181 sessions

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Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consumed per person in America is as much as thrice that consumed in Japan.


(A) as much as thrice that consumed in Japan

(B) as much as thrice that of Japan’s consumption

(C) up to three times of Japan’s consumption

(D) up to three times what Japanese consumed

(E) up to triple the amount the Japanese consumed

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Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 03:26
Bunuel wrote:
Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consumed per person in America is as much as thrice that consumed in Japan.


(A) as much as thrice that consumed in Japan

(B) as much as thrice that of Japan’s consumption

(C) up to three times of Japan’s consumption

(D) up to three times what Japanese consumed

(E) up to triple the amount the Japanese consumed


Option A .Correct

B.Food consumed per person is wrongly compared to food consumed by japan(as a whole)

C.Same wrong comparison as in option B.

D.Upto means anything from 0 to 3 times.. it means can consume 0 amount of food or 3 times of food also, so change in meaning.

E.Change in meaning same as in option D.
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Re: Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 06:00
Bunuel wrote:
Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consumed per person in America is as much as thrice that consumed in Japan.


(A) as much as thrice that consumed in Japan

(B) as much as thrice that of Japan’s consumption

(C) up to three times of Japan’s consumption

(D) up to three times what Japanese consumed

(E) up to triple the amount the Japanese consumed


I'm not very good with comparisons and always make mistakes.
I feel option E is correct as we are comparing amount of food consumed per person in America to the amount of food the Japanese consumed.
If someone could explain how to approach comparisons the right way, it would be of great help.
Thanks!
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Re: Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 07:28
+1 for A.

(A) as much as thrice that consumed in Japan --> "as much as thrice" is much concise and not wordy unlike "up to triple the amount" , "up to three times" , also the first part of sentence "....in America" should be parallel to latter part "...in Japan" unlike in other options "Japan’s consumption", and "Japanese consumed".

(B) as much as thrice that of Japan’s consumption

(C) up to three times of Japan’s consumption

(D) up to three times what Japanese consumed

(E) up to triple the amount the Japanese consumed

Hence, A.
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Re: Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 09:52
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+1 for A

"that" functions as a pronoun here. "that" = "the amount of food consumed per person"
Plugging this into the original:

Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America;
the amount of food consumed per person in America is as much as thrice the amount of food consumed per person consumed in Japan.

^this works and maintains parallelism as well.
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Re: Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 23:14
Bunuel wrote:
Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consumed per person in America is as much as thrice that consumed in Japan.


(A) as much as thrice that consumed in Japan

(B) as much as thrice that of Japan’s consumption

(C) up to three times of Japan’s consumption

(D) up to three times what Japanese consumed

(E) up to triple the amount the Japanese consumed


MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Up to three times of’ in C is idiomatically incorrect. The use of the past tense in D and E is incorrect. The sentence is referring to the present. Do not be confused by the use of the word ‘consumed’ in option A. This is not a use of the past tense. Rather it is a reduced relative clause. You could say ‘that which is consumed’. In this way option A can be seen to be using the passive voice, present tense. That
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Re: Many fear the epidemic of obesity in America; the amount of food consu   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2018, 23:14
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