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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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There are 40 people, 28 invested in A, 16 invested in B, and 18 invested in C. Among 10 of the people who invested in both A and C, 3 also invested in B. All people who invested in B also invested in A. How many people did not invest in any of the three investments?

A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 E. 6

Attachment: 8.21.png [ 15.32 KiB | Viewed 622 times ]

Ans: C
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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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In a certain conference, if all the n attendees shake hands 105 times, what is the value of n?

A. 10 B. 12 C. 15 D. 16 E. 18

=>
nC2 = 105.
n(n-1)/(1*2) = 105
n(n-1) = 210
n(n-1) = 15*14

Thus n = 15.

Ans: C
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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If x-7=√x+√7 , x=?

A. 8+2√7 B. 8-2√7 C. 8+√7 D. 8-√7 E. 7+2√8

=> x-7=√x+√7
(√x+√7 )(√x-√7)=√x+√7
√x-√7=1
√x = 1 +√7
x = (1 +√7)2 = 8 +2√7

Ans: A
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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If 11!/(11-r)!<1,000, what is the greatest possible value of r?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

=> 11! / (11-r)! = 11*(11-1)*…*(11-r+1)

r = 1 : 11 < 1,000
r = 2 : 11*10 = 110 < 1,000
r = 3 : 11*10*9 = 990 < 1,000
r = 4 : 11*10*9*8 = 7290 > 1,000

r = 3

Ans: C
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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Which of the following is the closest to 11*10^{20}–9*10^{10}?

A. 10^2 B. 10^7 C. 10^{10} D. 10^{20} E. 10^{21}

=>9*10^{10} is a relatively small number compared with 11*10^{20}.
11*10^{20}–9*10^{10} is approximate to 11*10^{20}, which is similar to 10^{21}.

Ans: E
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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Which of the following inequalities is equal to |x-3|x||<8?

A. 0<x<4
B. 0<x<2
C. -2<x<4
D. -2<x<2
E. -2<x<0

=> -8 < x-3|x| <8

1) x >= 0
-8 < x-3x < 8
-8 < -2x < 8
-4 < x < 4
0 <= x < 4

2) x < 0
-8 < x-3|x| < 8
-8 < x+3x < 8
-8 < 4x < 8
-2 < x < 2
-2 < x < 0

Thus, -2 < x < 4

Ans: C
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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If 3^x>10, which of the following must be true?

I. x>2
II. x>3
III. x>4

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I, II, and III

=> 3^x > 10 > 3^2
Thus x > 2

Ans: A
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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If x-7=√x+√7, x=?

A. 8+2√7
B. 8-2√7
C. 8+√7
D. 8-√7
E. 7+2√6

=>x-7=√x+√7
(√x+√7)(√x-√7)=√x+√7
√x-√7 = 1
√x = √7 + 1
x = (√7 + 1)^2
x = 7 + 2√7 + 1 = 8 + 2√7

Ans: A
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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(1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20) is including in which of the following ranges?

A. 0 ~ (1/5)
B. (1/5) ~ (1/4)
C. (1/4)~(1/3)
D. (1/3)~(1/2)
E. (1/2)~1

=> (1/20) < (1/11), (1/20) < (1/12), …, (1/20) < (1/19).
(1/20) + (1/20) + … + (1/20) < (1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20)
(1/20)*10 < (1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20)
(1/2) < (1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20)

(1/11) < (1/10), (1/12) < (1/10), … , (1/20) < (1/10)
(1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20) < (1/10) + (1/10) + … + (1/10) = 1

Thus, 1/2 < (1/11)+(1/12)+……+(1/19)+(1/20) < 1

Ans: E
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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If n is the sum of the first 40 positive integers, what is the greatest prime factor of n?

A. 29
B. 31
C. 37
D. 41
E. 43

=> 1 + 2 + … + 40 = (40*41)/2 = 2^3*5*41
Thus the greatest prime factor of n is 41.

Ans: D
_________________
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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Which of the following is the closest to 11*1010–4*104?

A. 10^2
B. 10^7
C. 10^8
D. 10^9
E. 10^11

=> 4*10^4 is relative small compared with 11*10^10. Thus we can consider 11*10^10 only.
It is close 10^11.

Ans: E
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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[GMAT math practice question]

What is the unit digit of 3^5+4^5+5^5+6^5?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 7
D. 8
E. 9

=> 3^1 has a unit digit 3.
3^2 has a unit digit 9.
3^3 has a unit digit 7.
3^4 has a unit digit 1.
3^5 has a unit digit 3.

4^1 has a unit digit 4.
4^2 has a unit digit 6.
4^3 has a unit digit 4.
4^4 has a unit digit 6.
4^5 has a unit digit 4.

5^1 has a unit digit 5.
5^2 has a unit digit 5.
5^n has a unit digit 5 for all positive integers n.

6^1 has a unit digit 6.
6^2 has a unit digit 6.
6^n has a unit digit 6 for positive integers n.

Thus 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 = 18 has the unit digit 8.

Ans: D
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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[GMAT math practice question]

If 3^x-3^{x-2}=648, x=?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 7
D. 8
E. 9

=>

3^x-3^{x-2} = 3^{x-2}3^2-3^{x-2} = 3^{x-2}(3^2-1) = 3^{x-2} x 8 = 648
3^{x-2} = 81 = 3^4
x – 2 = 4
x = 6

Ans: B
_________________
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
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[GMAT math practice question]

There are 100 black balls, 100 red balls and 100 green balls evenly mixed in a jar. What is the minimum number of balls to ensure that at least 15 beans selected are the same color?

A. 40
B. 41
C. 42
D. 43
E. 44

=>
We can assume we have 14 black balls, 14 red balls and 14 green balls. After that, if we have just one more ball, it ensures we have 15 balls with a same color.

Thus we need 43 ( = (15-1) + (15-1) + (15-1) + 1 = 14 + 14 + 14 + 1 ) balls.40 balls ensure there are 15 balls that have a same color.

Ans: D
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
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If the gross profit of a certain company is 20 percent of the revenue from sales of the company, what percent of the cost is the gross profit?

A. 20%
B. 25%
C. 30%
D. 35%
E. 40%

=>
Let R be the revenue of the company. The profit is 0.2*R and the cost is 0.8*R.
The answer is (0.2*R) / (0.8*R) * 100 = 0.25 * 100 = 25(%).

Ans: B
_________________
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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[GMAT math practice question]

(7^3)a+(7^2)b+7c+d=1045, where a, b, c, and d are integers from 0 to 6, inclusively, b=?

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

=>

1045 = 7*149+2 = 7*(7*21 + 2) +2 = 7*(7*(7*3+0) + 2) + 2
= 7*((7^2)*3 +(7^1)*0 + 2) + 2 = (7^3)*3 +(72)*0 + (7^1)*2 + 2

Thus we have b = 0.

Ans: A

_________________
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
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[GMAT math practice question]

I. 9/10, 10/11, 11/12, 12/13, 13/14
II. 10/9, 11/10, 12/11, 13/12, 14/13
III. 6/10, 7/10, 8/10, 9/10, 10/10

For which of the following options is the average (arithmetic mean) of the numbers less than the median of numbers?

A. I. only
B. II. only
C. III. only
D. II and III
E. I, II and III

=>

I. Differences between consecutive terms are 10/11 – 9/10 = 1/110, 11/12 – 10/11 = 1/132, 12/13 – 11/12 = 1/156, 13/14 – 12/13 = 1/182. The differences are getting smaller. The average is smaller than the median.

II. Difference between consecutive terms are 11/10 – 10/9 = -1/90, 12/11 – 11/10 = -1/110, 13/12 – 12/11 = -1/132, 14/13 – 13/12 = -1/156. The differences are getting bigger. The average is bigger than the media.

II Difference between consecutive terms are 7/10 – 6/10 = 1/10, 8/10 – 7/10 = 1/10, 9/10 – 8/10 = 1/10, 10/10 – 9/10 = 1/10. All differences are equal. The average is equal to the median.

Ans: A
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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[GMAT math practice question]

If x-5=√x+√5 , x=?

A. 6+2√5
B. 6-2√5
C. 6+√5
D. 6-√5
E. 5+2√6

=>
x-5=√x+√5
(√x+√5)(√x-√5)=√x+√5
√x-√5 = 1
√x = 1+√5
x = 1 + 2√5 + 5 = 6 + 2√5

Ans: A
_________________
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 7115
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82
Re: Math Revolution Approach (PS)  [#permalink]

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Which of the following options is closest to (3^{10})(33^{10})?

A. 10^{10}
B. 10^{14}
C. 10^{18}
D. 10^{20}
E. 10^{22}

=>

(3^{10})(33^{10}) = (3^{10})(3*11)^{10} = (3^{10})(3^{10})(11^{10})= (9^{10})(11^{10}) ~ (10^{10})(10^{10}) = 10^{20}

Ans: D
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3 girls and 4 boys line up in a row. If girls stand at the first and boys stand at the last, how many possible cases are there?

A. 96
B. 108
C. 144
D. 192
E. 256

=>

The number of ways that 3 girls permute is 3! = 6 and the number of ways that 4 boys permute is 4! = 24. Those cases happen together and so the number of cases that 3 girls stand at the first and 4 boys stand at the last is 3! * 4! = 6 * 24 = 144.

Ans: C
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