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Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that

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Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Mar 2019, 02:09
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Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that animals other than humans use a hierarchical structure of communication.

(A) provide evidence that animals other than humans

(B) provides evidence that animals other than humans

(C) provide evidence that an animal other than humans

(D) provides evidence that an animal other than a human

(E) provide evidence that animals, like humans,

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Originally posted by gmat2015p on 28 Dec 2014, 14:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Mar 2019, 02:09, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Mar 2019, 02:09
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Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that animals other than humans use a hierarchical structure of communication.

A. provide evidence that animals other than humans

B. provides evidence that animals other than humans

C. provide evidence that an animal other than humans

D. provides evidence that an animal other than a human

E. provide evidence that animals, like humans,

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

The original sentence contains a subject-verb agreement issue. The singular noun "analysis" does not agree with the plural verb "provide."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice correctly uses the singular verb "provides" to agree with the singular noun "analysis."

(C) This choice contains incorrect subject-verb agreement. The singular noun "analysis" does not agree with the plural verb "provide." In addition, the singular noun "animal" does not agree with the plural verb "use."

(D) This choice correctly uses the singular verb "provides" to agree with the singular noun "analysis." However, the singular noun "animal" does not agree with the plural verb "use."

(E) This choice contains incorrect subject-verb agreement. The singular noun "analysis" does not agree with the plural verb "provide." Moreover, the use of the phrase "animals, like humans" sets up a comparison between animals and humans. This nonsensically suggests that humans are not a type of animal. Moreover, the comparison distorts the meaning of the sentence by suggesting that all animals use a hierarchical structure of communication. In contrast, the use of the phrase "animals other than humans" in the original sentence implies that some animals (though not necessarily all animals), in addition to humans, use a hierarchical structure of communication.
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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 13 Feb 2015, 09:29.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Mar 2019, 02:09, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2014, 08:26
IMO - B

Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that animals other than humans use a hierarchical structure of communication.
provide evidence that animals other than humans >> SVA issue: provides
• provides evidence that animals other than humans >> correct
provide evidence that an animal other than humans >> SVA issue
• provides evidence that an animal other than a human >> SVA issue: non underline verb 'use' require plural verb
provide evidence that animals, like humans, >> SVA issue: provides
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2014, 13:42
Nice explanation above.

This problem reminds me of a OG problem because it's a SVA issue with the verb provide: paleontologists-believe-that-fragments-of-a-primate-jawbone-81906.html

Try to make connections as you study for the GMAT. You can see how the format for SVA is similar in both cases. The Subject and Verb are separated by modifying elements and the nouns (not the subject) that are closer to the verb have a different "number" than the subject (analysis/sounds; fragments/jawbone).

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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2014, 05:18
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SVA means Subject-Verb-Agreement. It means that a verb, in this case provide, needs to have the same number category as its subject, in this case Mathematical analysis. Since Mathematical analysis is used in third person singular, provide also needs to follow that structure.

The sentence is written in simple present, so the third person singular of the verb needs to come with an -s at the end (provides). So you know that Options A, C and E are wrong, because verb does not have the s.
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 09:54
Mathematical analysis -{SINGULAR} of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that animals other than humans use a hierarchical structure of communication.

A. provide evidence that animals other than humans - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE
B. provides evidence that animals other than humans - CORRECT
C. provide evidence that an animal other than humans - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE
D. provides evidence that an animal other than a human - use in non under lined part conveys that it should be animals {plural} not singular. ELIMINATE
E. provide evidence that animals, like humans, - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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05 May 2015, 18:15
321kumarsushant wrote:
Mathematical analysis -{SINGULAR} of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that animals other than humans use a hierarchical structure of communication.

A. provide evidence that animals other than humans - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE
B. provides evidence that animals other than humans - CORRECT
C. provide evidence that an animal other than humans - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE
D. provides evidence that an animal other than a human - use in non under lined part conveys that it should be animals {plural} not singular. ELIMINATE
E. provide evidence that animals, like humans, - PROVIDE PLURAL ELIMINATE

Please clarify how did we eliminate option D. The sentence talks about another animal- humpback whale other than humans. Use of singular noun seems correct to me.
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 11:07
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akhilbajaj wrote:
Please clarify how did we eliminate option D. The sentence talks about another animal- humpback whale other than humans. Use of singular noun seems correct to me.

Hi,

let's put D in the original sentence, and do the error analysis:

Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provides evidence that an animal other than a human use a hierarchical structure of communication.

Subject - Mathematical analysis - singular, thus we need a verb in singular - provides.
OF Humpback whale is a prepositional phrase that modifies the subject mathematical analysis, hence it cannot be the subject.
THAT after evidence introduces a subordinate clause
subject is AN animal - singular, but the verb in the non-underlined part of the sentence is "use" - plural. This is incorrect. Because of this, the underlined part of the sentence must have a subject in the subordinate clause in plural form. Since A, C, and E are already eliminated, the only option left is B, which is the correct answer.
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2019, 02:09
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Re: Mathematical analysis of humpback whale sounds provide evidence that   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2019, 02:09
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