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# Medical education in the United States has focused almost

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Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Jun 2018, 03:50
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:36) correct 43% (01:46) wrong based on 1717 sessions

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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

I disagree with the OA..but lets see if i am the only one reading it wrong!

Originally posted by FN on 27 Feb 2009, 13:45.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 20 Jun 2018, 03:50, edited 1 time in total.
formatted
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Feb 2009, 14:55
1
IMO: 2)

1) is tempting. It could be one of many reason why preventive care may be equally important.
However, this is justification of why preventive is equally important. Not necessarily strenthen the his argument: students need to invest as much time in prevenvtive care as in curarive care because the preventive care has been given little attention.

2) This provides direct evidence to author's initial claim that preventive care is getting little attention. This may not justify his argument, but i think it strenghen his argument.

3),4),5) no relevant.

What is OA?

Kudos anyone?

Originally posted by cityjoy92 on 27 Feb 2009, 14:37.
Last edited by cityjoy92 on 27 Feb 2009, 14:55, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2009, 15:45
1
FN wrote:
I disagree with the OA..but lets see if i am the only one reading it wrong!

Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

1)Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.

curative is better. weakens

2)In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.

out of scope. Talks about how much US spents. Not how MS should work

3)The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.

Good, But neither support nor weaken

4)More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.

Again weaknes. If people are dying from disease then curative is better.

5)As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

Doctors in certain specalities are not available, what happens? People do not get treatment for some thing that can be prevented and possibly die or suffer serious life long disability. So preventive care is losing ground.

Hence E

OA & OE?
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2009, 09:11
Hi mates,

uf! I don't see any clear answer...

I'd go with A

What's the conclusion? That medical schools should invest more in teaching to prevent diseases than to cure them. Well, A supports the argument by explaining that some diseases can be prevented

OA and Source?

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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2009, 09:29
OA is A..
source is mgmat CR question bank..

i went with B
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 21:50
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Wow!!
Lovely CR and I got it Right
B is a Trap

check the conclusion..only A strengthens it
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 22:15
2
B is wrong because it talks about in 1988 we really dont know when this event took place.

Can some 1 clear my doubt.

Should i look for whole argument or just this Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 23:30
1
Kaushik
we have to strengthen the ARGUMENT and
Argument is-->Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it

Now check A and B
A-->giving some alternatives
B-->Stating the fact again(We all know it from the first line whice states "Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine")

1)Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.

2)In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 07:26
2
Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines

Is a vaccine preventive care or curative care?

I guess I completely got it wrong on the first go. It is preventive because one has not yet contracted the disease. It is curative only when some has contracted it and it is then cured.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 07:38
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1
OE Says

"The conclusion is that medical schools are misguided. The basis for this claim is that they pay
little attention to preventive medicine. The argument would be made stronger by a statement
concerning the benefits of preventive medicine.

(A) CORRECT. Vaccines are a type of preventive medicine that have known benefits, i.e.,
preventing contagious diseases.

(B) This statement supports the idea that the more time and money are spent on curative
medicine than on preventive medicine. However, it does not speak to the benefits of preventive
medicine."
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 05:40
without a doubt its A.

this clearly indicates that the diseases that could have been prevented are still afflicting individuals, placing the blame fair and square on the overemphasis laid on the curative aspect of medicine.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 10:53
its Option A.
B is very tempting because it does sound similar to the conclusion but the catch is that it talks about a particular year 1988, the argument has no specific year the research was done.
whereas option A states that meny disease can be prevented. so if preventive cure is given more attention it would definately help prevent mant of the contagious disease.
so Option A best fits the conclusion.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 12:13
I completely agree with "Math & Verbal GMAT Forum Moderator".
At the first shot I thought vaccine is curative coz' it kinda cures what is contagious. Hmmm my bad

It cannot be 'B' because the argument says the EDUCATION BOARD gives less attention to preventive care. It cannot correlate to the money that US GOVERNMENT spend in health care. Also 1988 is a vague figure.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 12:16
1
Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
Correct - Vaccination is preventitive medicine and hence this statement shows the knowledge of same can be more beneficial then curing people once they are infected.

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
Irrelevant as the conclusion doesn't talk about any monetary factor

(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
No significance for the conclusion

(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
No help on preventive or curative medicine....

(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.
Irrelevant with respect to conclusion
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 12:24
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A ~ not the greatest answer but stays within the scope
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 15:01
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Clearly its between A and B Even I selected B at first go but its actually out of scope...so it has to be A though not convincing.
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27 Jan 2010, 07:27
Conclusion : Medical schools should invest more time in teaching to prevent illness

to strenghten we should identify the answer choice which will support the above conclusion
(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
if many diseases can be prevented by vaccines then educating students about vaccines will prevent illness this choice strengthens the argument so hold
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment. irrelevant facts doesn't strengthen the argument
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
irrelevant fact
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
curative medicine will be used to cure disease so doesn't strenghten the argument
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.
out of scope

so A is the correct answer
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27 Jan 2010, 14:13
I'd go with A as well, but I find this to be a rather "weak" correct answer
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27 Jan 2010, 14:58

Can't be B at all since you n't justify the answer based on just 1 year of expenditures.
Hence B eliminated.

C, D & E are irrelevant.

I believe that the sentence - 'This is misguided' is most important here. Since the belief that curative medicine is been given preference over preventive care has been misguided.
This is misguided because, there are vaccines that can prevent the diseases. Last sentence of the argument seems irrelevant with the argument.

So I believe the answer to be A.

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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2010, 21:11
I think by mentioning year in option B, paper setter spoils B as a strong contender. Its a good question
Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jan 2010, 21:11

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