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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively

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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2018, 05:37
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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?


(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.

(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.

(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.

(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

Originally posted by FN on 27 Feb 2009, 13:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2018, 05:37, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2009, 07:38
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OE Says

"The conclusion is that medical schools are misguided. The basis for this claim is that they pay
little attention to preventive medicine. The argument would be made stronger by a statement
concerning the benefits of preventive medicine.

(A) CORRECT. Vaccines are a type of preventive medicine that have known benefits, i.e.,
preventing contagious diseases.

(B) This statement supports the idea that the more time and money are spent on curative
medicine than on preventive medicine. However, it does not speak to the benefits of preventive
medicine."
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2009, 07:26
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Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines

Is a vaccine preventive care or curative care?

I guess I completely got it wrong on the first go. It is preventive because one has not yet contracted the disease. It is curative only when some has contracted it and it is then cured.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2010, 12:16
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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
Correct - Vaccination is preventitive medicine and hence this statement shows the knowledge of same can be more beneficial then curing people once they are infected.

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
Irrelevant as the conclusion doesn't talk about any monetary factor

(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
No significance for the conclusion

(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
No help on preventive or curative medicine....

(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.
Irrelevant with respect to conclusion
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New post 04 Feb 2013, 07:40
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Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines. Contender. Clear link with why preventive medicene study is equally important.
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment. Incorrect. We know that preventive medicene is not getting attention. Doesnt answer -"why preventive medicene study is equally important. "
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been. Incorrect. So what if its even lower or lowest. Doesnt answer -"why preventive medicene study is equally important. "
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes. Interesting. Incorrect. (was a contender initially but eleiminated in the final answer choice) But could these diseases have been prevented? We are not sure from this statement.
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace. Incorrect. Doesnt answer -"why preventive medicene study is equally important. "
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2016, 11:10
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FN wrote:
Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

I disagree with the OA..but lets see if i am the only one reading it wrong!



Premise:
    Medical education focused a lot more on medicine than preventive care

Conclusion:
    Medical education Should Focus as much on medicine as on preventive care

Answer Choice (A) strengthened the argument.In answer choice (A) vaccines (preventive care) is effective to prevent many diseases, Strengthened the idea that preventive care is helpful or important.

Correct Answer (A)
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2017, 16:32
FN wrote:
Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.


OFFICIAL SOLUTION



The conclusion is that medical schools are misguided. The basis for this claim is that they pay little attention to preventive medicine. The argument would be made stronger by a statement concerning the benefits of preventive medicine.

(A) CORRECT. Vaccines are a type of preventive medicine that have known benefits, i.e., preventing contagious diseases.

(B) This statement supports the idea that the more time and money are spent on curative medicine than on preventive medicine.  However, it does not speak to the benefits of preventive medicine.

(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school has nothing to do with the benefits of preventive medicine.

(D) Accidental causes have nothing to do with the benefits of preventive medicine.

(E) The number of doctors in certain specialties has nothing to do with the benefits of preventative medicine.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 06:12
Question is :- Why medical schools invest good amount of time in teaching their students to prevent illness rather than teaching them how to cure it.

A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
Correct: Vaccines are prevention not a cure. If many diseases can be prevented by vaccines then medical school should teach prevention as well. Make sense.

B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
Wrong: This talks about fundings. Out of the scope.

C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
Wrong: Out of the scope. Author is not concerned about no of enrollments.

D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
Wrong: This doesn't strengthen the argument.

E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.
Wrong: Out of the scope.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 11:23
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If you're stuck between A and B. Read this:

Conclusion: Focused almost exclusively on curative medicine while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided.

Why?
Premise: Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Question Stem:
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment

What year is it right now? Are we in 2050? That would mean the statement above describes a time over half a century ago. Also, what if in 1999 they spent 99 c on prevention and 1 c on curative treatment.

Think about it. Now a beautiful fact shines through below:

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.

Just what I was looking for.

Why should I believe the conclusion? <Recap>
Conclusion: Focused almost exclusively on curative medicine while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided.

Because: (A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.

interesting. no timeline here. Just a plain simple fact.

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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 12:08
FN wrote:
Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention. This is misguided. Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

I disagree with the OA..but lets see if i am the only one reading it wrong!


PREMISE : Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively on curative medicine, while preventive care has been given scant attention

CONCLUSION : Medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent illness as in teaching them how to cure it

We have to strengthen the conclusion

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.. IT is strenghening the conclusion .HENCE CORRECT .

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.

It is srengthening the premise .


(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.


Number of students is IRRELEVANT.

(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.

Accidental causes ae not our concern .IRRELEVANT .

(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.

OUT OF SCOPE .
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 03:32
Option A clearly favours the argument, which is "Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines", nothing has been commented whether preventive includes giving medicine, in the first glance we tend to assume that only curative medicine deals with giving medicine and preventive does not(Trap)
Classic question, which compels us to mix our knowledge with this argument and produce incorrect results
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2019, 19:02
The argument is that focusing on curative, not preventative medicine is misguided.

This is supported by the suggestion that medical schools should invest as much time in teaching their students how to prevent diseases as in how to cure them.

What are we missing? Well what is the suggestion based off?

(A) Many contagious diseases can be prevented with vaccines.
Although "many" isnt exact - it could be 1% or 99% - it provides ANY support that prevention is better than cure, thus in teaching preventative measures, curative measures may not be required.

(B) In 1988, for every three cents the United States spent on prevention, it spent 97 cents on curative treatment.
This fact doesn't help link WHY prevention should be taught, it merely describes the situation.

(C) The number of students enrolled in medical school is the highest it has ever been.
It's really hard to see how this has any impact whatsoever on the argument.

(D) More people die each year from disease than from accidental causes.
It's really hard to see how this has any impact whatsoever on the argument.

(E) As the population grows, the number of doctors in certain specialties has not been keeping pace.
The number of specialised doctors is not conducive to the argument that preventative not curative treatment should be taught.
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Re: Medical education in the United States has focused almost exclusively   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2019, 19:02
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