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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare

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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 14 Aug 2018, 00:56
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (01:09) correct 12% (01:28) wrong based on 200 sessions

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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.


(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be

(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as

(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being

(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be

(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be

Originally posted by cano on 22 May 2010, 08:15.
Last edited by Bunuel on 14 Aug 2018, 00:56, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2010, 11:48
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I go for E.

see may explanations below:

cano wrote:
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.
(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be - Medical researches ARE NOT ,which, but WHO
(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as - Medical researches ARE NOT ,which, but WHO
(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being -- being is often wrong, lets keep an eye on it.
(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be it is closer , but the intended meaning is that NOT this abnormality , but mother's age .
(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be - here is parallelism is maintained and correct idiom is used X, rather than Y, where X=Y are parallel, here is the abnormality is parallel to the age.

OA later.


please reveal the OA.

kudos are appreciated a lot ;)
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 16:32
Hello Mike,

I am confused between option D & E. How to eliminate option D.
D says, other than age
E says, rather than age

Both can be correct option if we go meaning wise.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 06:42
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ammuseeru wrote:
Hello Mike,

I am confused between option D & E. How to eliminate option D.
D says, other than age
E says, rather than age

Both can be correct option if we go meaning wise.


The phrase "other than" means "except" - this meaning does not make any sense in this sentence.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 03:33
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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

(A) Which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be --- First, this is a fragment. There is no verb for the subject searchers. Second, 'they' could refer to the researchers or the parents or in a weird way the children also.

(B) Which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as? ---- This is also a fragment as in A with no verb for researchers. Second the same pronoun reference problem with 'they'

(C) Believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being --- as being is superfluous

(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be -- other than may also mean apart from, in which case, the intended meaning is distorted.

(E) Believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be -- The best
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 09:05
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

Error:
1) comma+which refers to the noun just before it and thus in this sentence comma+ which incorrectly refers to Down's syndrome. Comma+ which must refer to genetic abnormality.
2) Also this sentence is a fragment as there is no verb for medical researchers.
3) Correct idiom is: believe that

(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be
(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as
(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being
(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be
(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2018, 00:57
cano wrote:
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.


(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be

(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as

(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being

(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be

(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The problem with the original sentence is that it subordinates everything, making it a sentence fragment. It needs to complete the primary clause, the one that begins with Medical researchers, in order to have something to which other parts of the sentence (such as who have identified... syndrome) can be subordinated. If you pay attention to the meaning of the sentence, you can see that the sentence wants to emphasize the genetic abnormality more than the mother's age. Therefore, instead of the age of the mother can remain a subordinate clause, but which they believe cannot. Eliminate (A) and (B). When comparing the remaining options, you can eliminate (C) because believe this abnormality... as being is grammatically incorrect and certainly inferior to believe that this abnormality... may be. (E) is better than (D) because rather than is more idiomatic and precise than other than. (E) is the answer.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in pare &nbs [#permalink] 14 Aug 2018, 00:57
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