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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.


(A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

(B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

(D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue

Originally posted by Caas on 17 Jun 2007, 02:07.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Nov 2018, 00:32, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2013, 14:27
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vabhs192003 wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue

Dear vabhs192003,
This is a great question. I'm happy to help. :-)

Split #1: "awarded" vs. "awarded with". The construction "awarded with" is idiomatically incorrect. We would just say Q was awarded the XYZ medal. (A) & (B) make this mistake and cannot be correct.

Split #2: idiom for recognition. The correct idiom here is "in recognition", not "for recognition". (B) & (D) make this mistake and cannot be correct.

That gets us down to (C) vs. (E), which is the hard part of this question. First, look at the way they both modify the name of the medal:
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, ...
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, ...
Choice (E) uses an appositive phrase. For more on this, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... e-phrases/
This structure is very elegant and concise. By contrast, the "which" clause in (C) is a little longer. There's also a problem with verb tense. I realize the tense is the same as in the prompt, but the past tense makes it sound as if that medal WAS the nation's highest military award, but isn't anymore. Is this true? Was a new highest honor recently introduced to supersede this medal? Hmmm, this calls for outside knowledge, but it just seems unlikely that whatever the highest military honor was recently (in the 1990s) would be swapped out for something else. Not only is (C) longer and clunkier, but it also raises awkward questions about verb tense & implication that (E) sleekly avoids.
Both endings are acceptable ("long-overdue in recognition" vs. "in long-overdue recognition"), because we could reasonably say that either the medal or the recognition was overdue. The above discussion indicates why (E) is a superior answer, and the best answer here.

BTW: outside knowledge: the Congressional Medal of Honor is still the nation's highest military honor.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2009, 09:06
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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


Agree the answer is E

The core of the sentence reads

[They] were awarded the medal of honor....in recognition of...blah blah blah.

Here we have a "split sentence"--framework #4. The middle phrase "the nation's highest military award" is just a descriptive phrase that describes "Medal of Honor." Taking out this phrase, you have the core of the sentence mentioned above... "[They] were awarded X in recognition of Y" (Look at how much simpler this is to handle than the real question!)

Awarded "the Medal of Honor" is correct and simple.
Awarded "with the Medal of Honor" is unnecessary and more complex.

Notice the phrase "in long overdue recognition"...here "long overdue" is just extra wording...really the idiomatic expression is "in recognition of"---which is used correctly in answer E.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2007, 08:28
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A& B eliminate- with is wrong
C& D does not have 'in recognition of'

my answer is E
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2007, 09:12
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OA is E

I like this SC very much
It actually tests 2 good idioms to remember
1) to reward somebody a medal
2) in recognition of
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2010, 18:41
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hi nusmavrik,

try to think in terms of what is preferred on the GMAT exam, rather than what is technically right or wrong.

On the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred over "awarded with X"--if you can express one idea well with fewer words, why do it with more?

Having said that, I see "awarded with" in so many publications that it's hard to label them all as "grammatically incorrect."

Don't bother getting yourself into intellectual discussions about the technicalities. Just know that for the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred. When in doubt, simple is better.

Hope that helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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I was not sure about the "award with X" or "award X" idiom but was able to stike out the options because of other errors.

More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue - 'the nation’s highest military award' correctly describes 'Medal of Honor' and the 'Medal is in recognition of their bravery'
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2010, 12:12
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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


Congressional Medal of Honor is the nation's highest military award. So eliminate A,C for that.
the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue means the award is for long overdue recognition whi9ch is wrong. For these soldiers this award was long overdue.

So E is correct
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2012, 05:11
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nelz007 wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded--some of them posthumously--with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

(A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
(B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
(D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue

Please explain the answer choices. OA later.

Dash has been used just to add emphasis to posthumous, therefore the rest of sentence must be read in continuation.
Now between 'awarded with the congressional medal' and 'awarded the congressional medal' , later is more precise and simple usage. Eliminate choice A and B.
Among C, D and E. E is the correct sentence as it uses correct form of idiom 'in recognition of' while other two dont (actually choice B as well). eliminate C and D. C and A have one additional meaning issue because of use of 'was', suggesting that congressional medal is no more the highest military award. Therefore apart from E each choice has atleast two issues.

Ans E it is!
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2013, 10:17
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animanga008 wrote:
Caas wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.



A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue


Please explain


A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military awardedand which was long overdue in
1) incorrect idiom "awarded with" should just be "awarded," commonly confused because of the idiom "rewarded with"

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
1) like (A), incorrect idiom "awarded with" should just be "awarded," commonly confused because of the idiom "rewarded with"
2) incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" with "for long-overdue...", changes meaning

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
1) incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" because adjective prepositonal phrases (adj + prepositon) modify the noun they come after; should modify "recognition" in "in recognition of"

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
1) like (B), incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" with "for long-overdue...", changes meaning

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
correctly uses idiom and modifiers
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 01:38
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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.


A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
Wrong. "X was awarded something". NOT "X was awarded with something".

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
Wrong. "X was awarded something". NOT "X was awarded with something".

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
Wrong. "long-overdue in...." is modifier ==> modifies the preceding clause "which was the nation's highest military award" ==> Does not make any sense.

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
Wrong. X were awarded the medal for (long-overdue) recognition of their bravery <== wrong. "for recognition of something" is WRONG idiom.

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
Correct. "in recognition of something"is correct idiom

Hope it helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Feb 2014, 12:02
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

After first look, I tested for S/V agreement for correct modifier placement.

A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in Wrong. "And" must join two common elements, but here it is joined illogically to the main clause. This is also a common splice in that "which" is long overdue" is not a complete sentence.

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue "For long-overdue" modifies award while the phrase should modify the verb.

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in Ok - I'll argue that this is correct because the modifiers are correctly placed. "long-overdue" is an adverbial modifier describing how the medal was awarded.

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue Wrong - "for long overdue recognition" modifies the type of award.

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue Wrong - "in" is a preposition that describes the preceding noun "award"

IMO C.

Originally posted by mejia401 on 08 Feb 2014, 11:59.
Last edited by mejia401 on 08 Feb 2014, 12:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2015, 20:54
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qwerty12321 wrote:
I am still not able to understand why (E) is correct. How is "in long-overdue" correct?

Please help.

Thanks.


Its not "in long-overdue" that we are looking at, it is "in..recognition", you award something in recognition of something not "for recognition'. Now you can say "for recognizing something" e.g.: A is useful for recognizing B. But when we speak of awards its in recognition of his long service etc.

alokkumargupta
The congressional medal of honor is still the highest military award. The sentence "which until last year was the nation’s highest military award" makes it look like , it was the highest award till last year, but no longer is.

Hope that helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2016, 01:35
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / Experts,

IMO-D, but the OA is E :(
one question to ask..

Why awarded in recognition is proffered over awarded for recognition.

Please assist.


Hi,
the Q is
Quote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


you have choosen D over E, but D is wrong for two reasons..

1) " in recognition of" is the correct idiom meaning " in acknowledgment of"..
2) Apart of this the glaring mistake in D, if its correctly reproduced here is..
the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue..
without the comma in between 'award' and 'for', it has changed the meaning, illogicaly meaning that the Congressional Medal of Honor is the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue recognitions
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 01:45
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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

a number of African American soldiers were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor....

Or

a number of African American soldiers were awarded with the Congressional Medal of Honor

Though awarded with is correct idiomatic usage it is wordy , so lets check if there are some less wordier options available conveying the intended meaning.


C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

Changes the tense to past tense.

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

Seems to convey the meaning that the award was for in recognition of long overdue.

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue

Let's check the sentence -

a number of African American soldiers were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor......... in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

Hence (E) is correct..
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2016, 21:53
smashingpumpkins wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


Most of the people who are picking up the wrong answer is not because they are basing their answer on "awarded" but because they are failing to see another subtle and important word in the sentence -"recognition" -because it falls outside the underlined part.
The correct usage is "IN RECOGNITION OF" (widely used and accepted)
The correct usage is "IN RECOGNITION FOR" (also used in many instances)
The incorrect usage is "FOR RECOGNISITION" (blatantly unidiomatic and a big grammatical blunder)


Also there is no difference in "awarded with" or "awarded". Both are correct. So one cannot eliminate an option because it has "awarded" instead of "awarded with. "
This makes honing into the right answer a matter of seconds.

OPTION B and D are outright incorrect. (Incorrect usage ;- for recognition)
OPTION A :- which was the nations highest military award is wrong. The award is still the highest award. Option A is also needlessly wordy
OPTION C:-which was the nations highest military award is wrong. The award is still the highest award.

OPTION E IS THE CORRECT ANSWER. "IN RECOGNITION OF" and "AWARDED" are used correctly. Useless words like "which was, which is" are removed and the sentence is crisp, clear and concise.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 00:37
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Was/is is not a reliable issue. It requires outside knowledge that this award is still highest award. Maybe the award is not the highest now. Some other award might be highest now.

In this question 'is' is right as GMAT takes national awards, army very seriously and will never goof up tense when they are refererred.

Butin general...is/was both could be correct without outside information.

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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2017, 06:01
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

First round of elimination

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue

If we remove the between fluff modifier " some of them posthumously " and join two clauses, awarded should modify the noun which should come right next to it. " The congressionl medal of honor"


Elimination round 2

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue

Again the modifier should come right next to it. The congressional medal of honor... (what is it ) highest military award. So cancel C

Elimination round 3

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue

Comma - E has a comma . Remove the fluff modifier and join it, you will get a whole sentence.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 10:30
1
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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
In this i would prefer to remove "which was the highest military award" as the award could still be the highest.
as for "awarded with" & only "awarded" I think both are idiomatically correct. So to eliminate an answer choice because of that would be wrong. If it had been "rewarded" then "rewarded with would only have been correct"


B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
here for long overdue changes the meaning and "for recognition of" is idiomatically incorrect

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in
again the same error as in option A

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue
same as option B

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue
corrects all the errors and introduces none
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 06:52
Hi,

Here is my analysis of the sentence.

awarded with is incorrect usage.

Consider the following examples

The winner of the race will be rewarded with an amount Rupees Ten thousand.

The winner of the race will be awarded a gold medal.

Choice D is incorrect for the obvious reasons.

The second interesting split is between choice C and choice E.

{which was the nation's highest military award vs the nation's highest military} - this should not be considered as a split - as we don't know whether it is currently considered as the highest award or not

Option choice C ( Simplified version ) - Soldiers were awarded Medal long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

Option choice E (Simplified version ) - Soldiers were awarded Medal in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

Meaning - Option choice C - medal was long overdue

Meaning - Option choice E - recognition was long overdue

Option A states that medal was long overdue.

Is it better to say that

Recognition was long overdue

than

medal was long overdue.

Experts may please comment.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African &nbs [#permalink] 20 Aug 2017, 06:52

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