GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Feb 2019, 05:55

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     February 20, 2019

     February 20, 2019

     08:00 PM EST

     09:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST
  • Online GMAT boot camp for FREE

     February 21, 2019

     February 21, 2019

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2796
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2017, 09:05
1
1
arvind910619 wrote:
JCLEONES wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money,
with their objectives being to protect
taxpayers and the credit of the state government.
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting.
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting.


A use of prepositional is wrong as it does not convey the intended meaning .
Moreover the use of " being is incorrect "
B Use of " which " is wrong and we have to use noun form of a word so " protecting " is wrong .
C correct as the second clause gives us extra information regarding the limitations .
D use for is not correct ," to borrow " is idiomatically correct
E same error and again use of with is wrong .



Hello arvind910619,

You have done a great job in solving this one. Keep up the goo work. :-)


I would just like to add my two cents to your analysis of the correct answer choice C.

arvind910619 wrote:
C correct as the second clause gives us extra information regarding the limitations .


Well, in choice C, limitations intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government is not a clause. If it were a clause, then the structure of the sentence would become ungrammatical because then the comma would be joining two independent clauses.

The structure limitations intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government is a Noun + Noun Modifier in which limitations = Noun and intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government = Noun Modifier as intended to protect..., the verb-ed modifier, modifies the preceding noun limitations.

This Noun + Noun Modifier modifies or/and describes limitations, a noun entity in the preceding clause.

For more details, correct usages, and official examples, please review this article on the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-noun-modifiers-the-most-versatile-modifier-137292.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1039
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2017, 09:38
egmat wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:
JCLEONES wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money,
with their objectives being to protect
taxpayers and the credit of the state government.
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting.
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting.


A use of prepositional is wrong as it does not convey the intended meaning .
Moreover the use of " being is incorrect "
B Use of " which " is wrong and we have to use noun form of a word so " protecting " is wrong .
C correct as the second clause gives us extra information regarding the limitations .
D use for is not correct ," to borrow " is idiomatically correct
E same error and again use of with is wrong .





Hello arvind910619,

You have done a great job in solving this one. Keep up the goo work. :-)


I would just like to add my two cents to your analysis of the correct answer choice C.

arvind910619 wrote:
C correct as the second clause gives us extra information regarding the limitations .


Well, in choice C, limitations intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government is not a clause. If it were a clause, then the structure of the sentence would become ungrammatical because then the comma would be joining two independent clauses.

The structure limitations intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government is a Noun + Noun Modifier in which limitations = Noun and intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government = Noun Modifier as intended to protect..., the verb-ed modifier, modifies the preceding noun limitations.

This Noun + Noun Modifier modifies or/and describes limitations, a noun entity in the preceding clause.

For more details, correct usages, and official examples, please review this article on the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-noun-modifiers-the-most-versatile-modifier-137292.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,

Thanks for the valuable input .
Now this Noun + Noun modifier is very clear to me .

Could you please explain absolute modifiers and appositives and difference between them .

Regards,
Arvind
_________________

Please give kudos if you found my answers useful

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2796
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2017, 10:12
arvind910619 wrote:

Hi Shraddha,

Thanks for the valuable input .
Now this Noun + Noun modifier is very clear to me .

Could you please explain absolute modifiers and appositives and difference between them .

Regards,
Arvind



Hello arvind910619,


Thank you for the query. :-)

Let me begin my response by a confession. I am super bad with jargon. So before replying to you, I had to Google about "appositives" and "absolute" phrases.

I am sure there may be many others like me who have tough time dealing with such heavy grammatical jargon.

So for the sake of simplicity and easy retention, we have just term for these "appositives" and "absolute" phrases - Noun + Noun Modifier.

If you go through the article the link of which I have provided in my previous response, you will find that Noun + Noun Modifiers can modify either a particular noun in the preceding clause to the entire preceding clause (essentially the preceding action).

So when the Noun + Noun Modifier modifies a particular noun in the preceding clause, then it is called an appositive phrase.

When the Noun + Noun Modifier modifies the preceding clause, then it is called an absolute phrase.

But at e-GMAT, we need not worry about "appositives" and "absolute" phrases because Noun + Noun Modifier is enough to help us solve any SC problem without having to remember these jargon.

I did the sane while solving this particular official sentence and responding to you.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 636
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2017, 05:23
When "which" is the object of a preposition (to which, of which, for which, etc), the "which" must still replace the noun (or noun phrase) that precedes it.

Correct: She wants to borrow money, of which I don't have much.

In the given sentence, the phrase "the objectives of which" should modify the noun directly before, but it's not the money that has objectives - it's the limitations. We need a different kind of modifier here, with explanations :-

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect taxpayers
"with objectives being" is not idiomatically correct.

B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
As stated above, "of which" is nonsensically modifying "money." Also, "the protecting of" is not idiomatic. "The protection of" or "to protect" would be preferred.

C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect
Correct. "Limitations" correctly refers to the limitations mentioned earlier, and "to protect" is idiomatically correct.

D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting
The correct idiom is "authority TO" not "authority FOR." The "of which" was also incorrectly modifying "money."

E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting
"for" is not idiomatic.

The correct answer is C.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Dec 2018
Posts: 48
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:22
being to” is a wrong usage. So, we can eliminate option A. “which are the protecting of” in Choice B is awkward and doesn’t make sense. In choice D and E, the use “for borrowing” is wrong with the context of the sentence. Hence, C is the answer.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2019
Posts: 52
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2019, 21:47
)”being to” is a wrong usage. So, we can eliminate option A. “which are the protecting of” in Choice B is awkward and doesn’t make sense. In choice D and E, the use “for borrowing” is wrong with the context of the sentence. Hence, C is the answer.
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 521
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 07:58
I think
gmat never test us the difference between noun to do/ noun for doing.
I think noun to do/ noun for doing is matter of idiom. I dont want to say more on this point

limitation with intent" is wrong. " with intent " must go with a person.
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 521
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 08:41
look at choice A
"their" is ambiguous intolerably because 'their" can refer to "states" or " limitations". if using logic, we can infer the referent of "their", this ambiguity is tolerable.

the second point is
limitation's objective is not idiomatic because we have idiom " intended to do" . I can be authoritative to say that "limitation"s objective" is not idiomatic but I am correct . English works on idioms. if there is an idiom for a meaning, we have to use this idiom.
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 521
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 08:44
a pen to write
or
a pen for writing

which one is correct?
in the first, "to write" work as an appositive of " a pen" to modify "a pen". the student, a good one, is my friend. this sentence is similar

in the second, "for writing" show the purpose of "a pen". why is this wrong?

I thing both cases are correct.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Mar 2018
Posts: 126
CAT Tests
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 15:01
after comma, "limitations intended ..." what kind of contruction is this? Can I say like: "I watched a movie by Tarantinp, film depicts the intriguing relations of 80s.." ?
Senior SC Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2479
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 16:39
JCLEONES wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government.

(A) to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect

(B) to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of

(C) to borrow money, limitations intended to protect

(D) for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting

(E) for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting

faltan wrote:
after comma, "limitations intended ..." what kind of contruction is this? Can I say like: "I watched a movie by Tarantinp, film depicts the intriguing relations of 80s.." ?

faltan , here is the whole sentence into which option C has been inserted:

Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money, limitations intended to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government.

That construction is called a RESUMPTIVE MODIFIER.
To resume means to restart, to recommence, or "to return to the use of." After she ate dinner she resumed her studies. (She studied again.)

A resumptive modifier repeats a key word in the main clause and then adds details to that word.

Resumptive modifiers emphasize the word and usually the end of the sentence.
In this case, the writer wants to emphasize the ostensibly good reasons that underlie limitations on the legislature's authority to borrow money.

If I change your example just a bit, a resumptive modifier would make the sentence look this way:

[Determined to ingest more cultural history,] I watched a few films by Tarantino, films that depict the intriguing relations of 80s.
The intro in brackets is not necessary, but I inserted it in order to use the resumptive modifier emphatically.

A resumptive modifier restates and elaborates on a word to emphasize it.
You do not need to know the terminology. Recognizing that the structure is allowed is enough for the test. Hope that helps.
_________________

To live is the rarest thing in the world.
Most people just exist.

Oscar Wilde

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Nov 2017
Posts: 24
Location: India
CAT Tests
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2019, 20:43
Hello!
I have a doubt.
In choice, A if we eliminate "being" will it be correct then.

Thanks!
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2019, 20:43

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 32 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.