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# OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants

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OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 06:11
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Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs to form "curtains" of ants that hang from logs or boulders, providing protection for the queen and the colony larvae and pupae.

(A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants
(B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
(C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
(D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
(E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2015, 02:14
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(A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants
(B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
(C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
(D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
(E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests

The comparison should be between the raider ants and leafcutters and most other ants. Only C and D survive. ‘In having nests’ in D is doesn’t make a parallel comparison with raider ants make a portable nest; C correctly points to the nests by using the possessive pronoun ‘whose’

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 09:56
1
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Template of like, unlike, in contrast with, in contrast to etc is

"Unlike Noun1, Noun2."

Here Noun1 is leaf cutters and most other ants
Noun2 is Raider Ants.
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 12:25
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Expert's post
Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs to form "curtains" of ants that hang from logs or boulders, providing protection for the queen and the colony larvae and pupae.

(A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants
(B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
(C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
(D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
(E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests

As soon as I read the sentence, there is a comparison of X and Y as we have a marker of "Unlike". And we need to compare correct nouns to correct nouns.
So, for the non - underlined part, the type of ants are compared, so we need type of ants at the beginning.

Hence A,B and E goes off.

Next, Unlike X, Y does Z -> is the correct structure. So, we need an action describing what Y does that X doesn't do.
If we need to add extra information, we need a modifier. Option C) does exactly that.

For option D) in having -> looks like an action for X which is not correct. And besides, that, having is used for possessive form.

hence C)
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2015, 12:05
Comma is not underlined and looks confusing if you choose option C. Should comma be underlined?
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2016, 12:23
thanhmaitran wrote:
Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs to form "curtains" of ants that hang from logs or boulders, providing protection for the queen and the colony larvae and pupae.

unlike (X),---, raider ants (Y)

(A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants
(B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
(C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
(D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
(E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 23:45
Hi experts,
I just feel "in having nest" in D is strange, but I have no idea about what's wrong with "in having nest",
I went back to OE
OE wrote:
but the prepositional phrase in having nests suggests that it is raider ants, not leaf cutters and most other ants

it confused me a lot
any expert can help?

thank a lot
have a nice day

>_~

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 01:20
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts,
I just feel "in having nest" in D is strange, but I have no idea about what's wrong with "in having nest",
I went back to OE
OE wrote:
but the prepositional phrase in having nests suggests that it is raider ants, not leaf cutters and most other ants

it confused me a lot
any expert can help?

thank a lot
have a nice day

>_~

experts,

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 05:06
zoezhuyan wrote:
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts,
I just feel "in having nest" in D is strange, but I have no idea about what's wrong with "in having nest",
I went back to OE
OE wrote:
but the prepositional phrase in having nests suggests that it is raider ants, not leaf cutters and most other ants

it confused me a lot
any expert can help?

thank a lot
have a nice day

>_~

experts,

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

Consider the following sentence:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable....

In the above structure, "in having nests" refers to the raider ants. This is what the OE indicates.

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 23:28
sayantanc2k wrote:
Consider the following sentence:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable....

In the above structure, "in having nests" refers to the raider ants. This is what the OE indicates.

thanks so much sayantan2c,

sorry for my implicit previous post

why does not modify "leaf cutters and most other ants",according touch rules,
the prep phrase "in having nest" follows immediately "leaf cutters and most other ants"

that's why I am confused after reading OE,
did I miss something ? please point out
appreciate...

have a nice day
>_~

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 13:41
zoezhuyan wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Consider the following sentence:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable....

In the above structure, "in having nests" refers to the raider ants. This is what the OE indicates.

thanks so much sayantan2c,

sorry for my implicit previous post

why does not modify "leaf cutters and most other ants",according touch rules,
the prep phrase "in having nest" follows immediately "leaf cutters and most other ants"

that's why I am confused after reading OE,
did I miss something ? please point out
appreciate...

have a nice day
>_~

In option D, the prepositional phrase can be considered a part of the following clause:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs.

Out of option D, you cannot make such a structure using leaf cutters and most other ants. Hence the OE.

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OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2016, 01:41
sayantanc2k wrote:

In option D, the prepositional phrase can be considered a part of the following clause:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs.

Out of option D, you cannot make such a structure using leaf cutters and most other ants. Hence the OE.

thanks so much sayantanc2k,
you are always so patient ...

I am afraid I am sunk in the difference that prep phrase follows after noun.

1/ leaf cutters and most other ants in the corner
2/ leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests

for me, " in having nests " is a prep phrase , "in the corner" is also a prep phrase...
moreover, both follow immediately after a noun, and modify the preceding noun/noun phrase...

have a nice day
>_~

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2016, 10:55
zoezhuyan wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

In option D, the prepositional phrase can be considered a part of the following clause:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs.

Out of option D, you cannot make such a structure using leaf cutters and most other ants. Hence the OE.

thanks so much sayantanc2k,
you are always so patient ...

I am afraid I am sunk in the difference that prep phrase follows after noun.

1/ leaf cutters and most other ants in the corner
2/ leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests

for me, " in having nests " is a prep phrase , "in the corner" is also a prep phrase...
moreover, both follow immediately after a noun, and modify the preceding noun/noun phrase...

have a nice day
>_~

"In the corner" is a place - a boy in the corner refers to the boy who is in the corner.
In the contrary, "in having bests" is not a place - it means "in the process of having nests" - in such case a verb is required and the subject of the verb is the noun that this phrase refers to.

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 03:31
I found the answer but I wasn't very comfortable with using "whose" for ants. As I know, we cannot use "who" for the things other than people. Can we use whose for animals or non-living things?

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 07:02
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Yes, we can.

'Who' is a nominative pronoun(a subject pronoun) that is usable only for humans. 'Which' is also a nominative pronoun that is usable for other animals, and even all other inanimate things such as books, tables etc -- all in all to say, for everything under the universe

'Whose' is a possessive form of both 'who' and 'which' and hence is universally usable in common.
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 07:25
thank you for the explanation.

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2017, 17:39
sayantanc2k wrote:
zoezhuyan wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

In option D, the prepositional phrase can be considered a part of the following clause:
In having nests, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs.

Out of option D, you cannot make such a structure using leaf cutters and most other ants. Hence the OE.

thanks so much sayantanc2k,
you are always so patient ...

I am afraid I am sunk in the difference that prep phrase follows after noun.

1/ leaf cutters and most other ants in the corner
2/ leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests

for me, " in having nests " is a prep phrase , "in the corner" is also a prep phrase...
moreover, both follow immediately after a noun, and modify the preceding noun/noun phrase...

have a nice day
>_~

"In the corner" is a place - a boy in the corner refers to the boy who is in the corner.
In the contrary, "in having bests" is not a place - it means "in the process of having nests" - in such case a verb is required and the subject of the verb is the noun that this phrase refers to.

sayantanc2k, great thanks to you, as I do find many of your posts in the forum were really helpful.

After reading this, I think I kind of understand it, but not fully. As a non-native speaker, I hope if I can have some further explanation in D:

1. I can feel "in having" is awkward, I didn't pick up this option. But I don't really understand the explanation in OG for D, why does OG said "in having" refers to raider ants, not the preceding nouns before "in having".

Unlike L and most other ants in having nests situated on the ground, raider ants make portable nests....

Comma sets off these two parts in this sentence, why "in having" as a prepositional phrase modify the noun behind the itself and the comma?

Do you mean this sentence conveys the meaning like this:

The difference between L and most other ants and raider ants in the aspect of having nests situated on the ground is that raider ants make nests.....

2. Does "in having nests situated", have the similar use of have+sth.+done? E.g."having the house painted"

3. Is the following amending valid?
Unlike L and most of other ants (having nests situated on the ground), raider ants make....

I know the use of unlike: "unlike+noun or noun phrase". In the above sentence, can "having nests situated on the ground" modifying (leaf cutters and most of other ants)?

I really wanted to give up in these questions that may not be so relevant to the original purpose of examining from OG, but these questions bothers me several days, I had to finally post them here....hopefully someone will help me on this. Thanks a lot!

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 06:41
Anyone will help me on the questions?

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 03:31
daagh wrote:
Yes, we can.

'Who' is a nominative pronoun(a subject pronoun) that is usable only for humans. 'Which' is also a nominative pronoun that is usable for other animals, and even all other inanimate things such as books, tables etc -- all in all to say, for everything under the universe

'Whose' is a possessive form of both 'who' and 'which' and hence is universally usable in common.

Hello daagh

I have seen the usage "having" in some OG sentences but not all correct questions have this form (verb-ing modifier or prepositional phrase) like in the above sentence. Is there a reason for that or it all depends on meaning?

Thanks

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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2017, 01:11
Shiv2016 wrote:

Hello daagh

I have seen the usage "having" in some OG sentences but not all correct questions have this form (verb-ing modifier or prepositional phrase) like in the above sentence. Is there a reason for that or it all depends on meaning?

Thanks

Hello Shiv2016, IMO it all depends on the meaning of the answer choice and nothing as such that -ing words are not contained in official answers.
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Re: OG 2016 - Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2017, 01:11

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