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# Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo

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Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2014
Posts: 60
Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2017, 06:21
2
5
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

52% (00:39) correct 48% (00:55) wrong based on 277 sessions

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Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., are being actively bred in hopes of developing a sustainable population to reintroduce into the wild.

A) two of who
B) and two that
C) including two of which
D) two of those that
E) two of which
Manager
Joined: 14 Sep 2016
Posts: 134
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2017, 08:02
Closest two options are "C" and "E"

(C) including two of which - The usage of "including" suggests that "Pandas in captivity along with the two of the other pandas are in the National Zoo in Washington, D.C" but this is not the intended meaning here. hence, we can reject this option.

Intern
Joined: 11 Mar 2015
Posts: 35
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 08:23
Can you please explain why D is not the right option. Thanks in Advance !
SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1633
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 13:03
I do not know about the pattern of this question anymore. It is because in the actual exam, verbal questions do not have patterns that are too familiar to test takers.
Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 552
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 20:51
know this that the intended meaning of the sentence is derived from the given sentence with an exception that the given sentence does not make any sense. Here the given statement talks about 2 pandas which are held in captivity. The given statement talks about only those 2 pandas. So we cannot infer anything else and hence the answer choices that intend to change the meaning by adding other pandas is wrong. We may think that this change of meaning actually makes sense but let me remind you that we do not know the sex of the pandas. So adding to the already existing may sound good but is unwarranted. So stick to the given statement as long as it makes sense. Here it makes sense.

Let's dig in the answer choices :
Procedure :
1. Analyse the intended meaning
2. Error analysis:
1. SV PAIR ( SV makes sense. agree in no.)
2.Verb tense ( identify the time frame of the given statement)
3.Pronouns ( should aggree in no. And refer to the proper antecedent, without being ambiguous)
4.Modifiers ( should refer back to its subject , mostly the closest one)
5.parallelism ( all the verbs should be of the same tense unless PRESENT TENSE is present)
6. Idioms
7.Meaning

Do the above 2 steps on the given statement. And then start eliminating answers .

A. Modifier / relative pronoun error: who whom whose should only refer to persons..." which " is the right RP.
B. Meaning - " and" changes the meaning
C. Meaning - including two of which? Huh? Which 2 ?
D. Modifier/ meaning/ pronoun - 2 of those? We do not know how many pandas are there in the captivity to single out 2 by using " those " ... "Those " and " that " are two relative pronouns referring to the same subject ..hence is redundant. Also "that" is used for essential modifiers. The given statement adds two comma before the " two " and after D.C ; therefore the SV pair is non Essential. Hence using " that " is wrong.
E. No error - " which " is correctly is used.

Option E.

Sent from my XT1562 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 03 Feb 2018
Posts: 30
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 20:36
Narrowed it down to C and E by POE and finally marked C as it "seemed" right". What is the OA and why?
VP
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1356
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GMAT 1: 480 Q38 V22
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2018, 20:54
ruchi857 wrote:
Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., are being actively bred in hopes of developing a sustainable population to reintroduce into the wild.

A) two of who

B) and two that

C) including two of which

D) two of those that

E) two of which

A, B, and D are out for using "who, that, and those that" respectively.

From C and E, I marked C, though use of "including" seems a bit awkward.

Help needed. @e-gmat, GMATNinja
_________________

"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."

Re: Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo &nbs [#permalink] 24 Apr 2018, 20:54
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# Pandas in captivity, two of who live in the National Zoo

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