Last visit was: 17 Jul 2024, 13:31 It is currently 17 Jul 2024, 13:31
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
Tags:
Difficulty: Sub 505 Level,    Verb Tense/Form,                   
Show Tags
Hide Tags
User avatar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Oct 2008
Posts: 361
Own Kudos [?]: 6564 [62]
Given Kudos: 100
Location: Kolkata,India
 Q44  V38
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
Director
Director
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 793
Own Kudos [?]: 2604 [9]
Given Kudos: 567
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE:Engineering (Computer Software)
Send PM
General Discussion
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 19 Jun 2009
Posts: 124
Own Kudos [?]: 21 [0]
Given Kudos: 21
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 650 Q51 V27
GMAT 2: 710 Q48 V39
GPA: 3.2
WE:Engineering (Computer Hardware)
Send PM
User avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 22 Mar 2008
Posts: 23
Own Kudos [?]: 46 [1]
Given Kudos: 1
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
1
Kudos
The correct usage is "to do so" not "to do it".
only D has the correct usage.
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 248
Own Kudos [?]: 1144 [0]
Given Kudos: 106
GMAT 2: 720  Q50  V36
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
sudiptak wrote:
The correct usage is "to do so" not "to do it".
only D has the correct usage.


Agree

D only has the correct usage.
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2009
Posts: 219
Own Kudos [?]: 160 [3]
Given Kudos: 0
Location: USA
WE 1: Engineering
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
3
Kudos
Simple GMAT rule - "To do so" IS ALWAYS PREFERRED OVER "To do it"
User avatar
Retired Moderator
Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 179
Own Kudos [?]: 2581 [0]
Given Kudos: 23
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
Hi,

OG presents this as a pronoun reference error because of use of 'it' and 'this'. Need help in understanding why so. Help please.
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2012
Posts: 81
Own Kudos [?]: 1092 [0]
Given Kudos: 7
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recent immigrants because it believed that to do it rewards them for entering the country illegally.
(A) to do it rewards
(B) doing it rewards
(C) to do this would reward
(D) doing so would reward
(E) to do it would reward

Correct answer D...

It has no proper antecedent...
so A B E eliminated.
C awkward structure.
avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 50
Own Kudos [?]: 85 [0]
Given Kudos: 31
Location: India
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
"doing so" cleared it up... D for sure
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
Posts: 81
Own Kudos [?]: 220 [0]
Given Kudos: 20
Location: Zürich, Switzerland
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
tejal777 wrote:
Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recent immigrants because it believed that to do it rewards them for entering the country illegally.
(A) to do it rewards
(B) doing it rewards
(C) to do this would reward
(D) doing so would reward
(E) to do it would reward



Please give detailed explanations why the others are incorrect.


D îs correct since "doing so" is the idiom/phrase correctly used here.
User avatar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Status:Gonna rock this time!!!
Posts: 356
Own Kudos [?]: 167 [0]
Given Kudos: 562
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE:Information Technology (Computer Software)
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
So 'it' and 'this' cant be used to refer to an action and they can be used to refer to only a concrete noun?


Some experts, please confirm this...
Retired Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2093
Own Kudos [?]: 8981 [3]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
2
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recent immigrants because it believed that to do it rewards them for entering the country illegally.
(A) to do it rewards - Pronoun issue - using It to refer to verb . Use of indicative verb rewards, whereas the logic of the sentence demands the conditional would reward
(B) doing it rewards - Pronoun issue - Same as A
(C) to do this would reward - Pronoun issue - using This to refer to verb
(D) doing so would reward - Correct
(E) to do it would reward - Pronoun issue - using It to refer to verb

Answer D
Manager
Manager
Joined: 09 May 2017
Posts: 179
Own Kudos [?]: 314 [0]
Given Kudos: 779
Location: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
GMAT 1: 430 Q39 V12
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
"Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recent immigrants because it believed that to do it rewards them for entering the country illegally."
(B) doing it rewards

although it is correct but why this sentence do not use "do so " instead of "doing so" ??? why get "-ing form" I mean .
it is look like " it believed that that do so rewards !!!!?????
Manager
Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2019
Posts: 96
Own Kudos [?]: 126 [2]
Given Kudos: 174
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
GMAT 1: 670 Q47 V35
WE:Brand Management (Consumer Products)
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
Hi Sachin9 and GetThisDone

Though it seems rather late, still I'd like to share what I know about why the use of "this" and "it" is incorrect in this question.
"This" and "it" are pronouns, and they can only refer to nouns. They can't refer to an action. If either "this" or "it" is used in this sentence, it wrongly refers to "did not accord full refugee benefits", which is an action. Thus we must use "do so" because "so" refers to an action.

When in the context, "it" refers to a noun we can safely use "to do it":
The 700-level question is really daunting to me but I have to do it anyway.
=> "it" refers to "the 700-level question"
Manager
Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2019
Posts: 96
Own Kudos [?]: 126 [0]
Given Kudos: 174
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
GMAT 1: 670 Q47 V35
WE:Brand Management (Consumer Products)
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
09173140521 wrote:
"Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recent immigrants because it believed that to do it rewards them for entering the country illegally."
(B) doing it rewards

although it is correct but why this sentence do not use "do so " instead of "doing so" ??? why get "-ing form" I mean .
it is look like " it believed that that do so rewards !!!!?????


"do so" can't be the subject of the clause. We must use gerund "doing so" to begin the clause.

I think you might mean why we don't use "to do so" instead of "doing so".
An infinitive can be the subject of a clause, though this use is not as common as gerund as a subject.
In most cases, gerund or infinitive as subjects mean the same, but sometimes there is a slight difference in meaning. An infinitive may suggest a future activity while a gerund suggests an ongoing activity.
Whether we can use "to do so would reward" in this context, I don't know for sure.
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Posts: 4918
Own Kudos [?]: 7803 [1]
Given Kudos: 220
Location: India
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
1
Bookmarks
Let’s scan the options:

Option A uses the pronoun ‘it’ which leads to ambiguity.

Option B has the same issue that option A as. The pronoun is ambiguous.

Option C is not the right idiom. ‘to do so’ is what is preferred.

Option E again has the same pronoun issue.

Eliminate Options A, B, C and E.

Option D is the best option.

Hope this helps!
User avatar
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 17503
Own Kudos [?]: 869 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Parliament did not accord full refugee benefits to twelve of the recen [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6984 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
236 posts