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Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs,

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Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs,  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2018, 06:50
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E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:15) correct 42% (02:37) wrong based on 83 sessions

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Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs, must conform to standards set by organizations that issue pedigrees. Those standards generally specify the physical appearance necessary for a dog to be recognized as belonging to a breed but stipulate nothing about other genetic traits, such as those that enable breeds originally developed as working dogs to perform the work for which they were developed. Since dog breeders try to maintain only those traits specified by pedigree organizations, and traits that breeders do not try to maintain risk being lost, certain traits like herding ability risk being lost among pedigreed dogs. Therefore, pedigree organizations should set standards requiring working ability in pedigreed dogs classified as working dogs.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, justifies the argument’s conclusion that pedigree organizations should set standards for working ability in dogs?


(A) Organizations that set standards for products or activities should not set standards calling for a particular characteristic if such standards increase the risk of some other characteristic being lost.

(B) Any standard currently in effect for a product or an activity should be rigorously enforced regardless of when the standard was first set.

(C) Organizations that set standards for products or activities should be responsible for seeing to it that those products or activities conform to all the specifications called for
by those standards.

(D) Any standard that is set for a product or an activity should reflect the uses to which that product or activity will eventually be put.

(E) Organizations that set standards for products or activities should attempt to ensure that those products or activities can serve the purposes for which they were originally developed.

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Re: Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs,  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2018, 11:46
Bunuel wrote:
Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs, must conform to standards set by organizations that issue pedigrees. Those standards generally specify the physical appearance necessary for a dog to be recognized as belonging to a breed but stipulate nothing about other genetic traits, such as those that enable breeds originally developed as working dogs to perform the work for which they were developed. Since dog breeders try to maintain only those traits specified by pedigree organizations, and traits that breeders do not try to maintain risk being lost, certain traits like herding ability risk being lost among pedigreed dogs. Therefore, pedigree organizations should set standards requiring working ability in pedigreed dogs classified as working dogs.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, justifies the argument’s conclusion that pedigree organizations should set standards for working ability in dogs?


Ans: E [IMO]
stem argues that from the standard currently set by the pedigree the traits for which a dog breed was initially created are being lost. traits such as, herding. so pedigree should also keep these traits in standardization along with the other required traits. and option D speaks the same of taking care of the traits for which the breed of the dog is initially origionated..
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Re: Pedigreed dogs, including those officially classified as working dogs, &nbs [#permalink] 02 Jul 2018, 11:46
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