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People who have political power tend to see new technologies

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People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2008, 07:04
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49% (01:33) correct 51% (01:55) wrong based on 261 sessions

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People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2008, 07:19
(B) strenghens the conclusion by pointing out that political power benefits from technology and will therefore reward it, while it will punish ethical inventiveness!

cheers
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2008, 08:56
prasannar wrote:
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

I picked B, but had a hard time eliminating E.

We need to support that Politics benefit tech geeks, and bring pain to ethical inventive people. B clearly states that politicians can influence these people.

A is saying that ethical inventive people benefits too. This actually weakens.
C is irrelevant. It is nice to know, but it doesn't support the argument at all.
D is saying that tech geeks is not beneficial to politicians; thus, weakens the argument.

I didn't pick E because if those people conceal their novelty, then politicians cannot influence them; therefore, doesn't relate well to the argument.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2008, 10:20
What's wrong with C? I see why b is prob correct but I thought C adds an assumption that could enhance argument.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2008, 12:49
prasannar wrote:
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

I'd pick C. B sounds more like a conclusion than an assumption. What's OA?
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 09:32
I picked B too though E got me thinking for a while.

The point is - technical inventiveness helps people in power and ethical inventiveness is a threat to the "power". It's logical to assume that therefore the politcal people would never "like" ethical inventiveness and the people possessing the same.

B strengthens this thought process.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 15:37
B clearly strengthens the argument
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13 Apr 2008, 20:30
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2008, 06:00
I think it's E. I think B is irrelevant. Whether the politically powerful people reward other people does not address the point of whether technical ingenuity will provide the benefit and whether ethical inventiveness will provide pain or threat to the politicians.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2008, 12:43
I think it is B. By showing that people are rewarded for what they believe are useful to them and punish people who believe are a threat, it provides the basis for the conclusion that technical ingenuity is beneficial and ethical inventivess only brings pain. otherwise, just because they [people with political power] think that does not automatically mean that technical ingenuity is beneficial and ethical inventiveness is not.
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People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Apr 2017, 08:16
3
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

Originally posted by doe007 on 17 May 2013, 01:03.
Last edited by hazelnut on 20 Apr 2017, 08:16, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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17 May 2013, 10:50
1
Quote:
1)People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments ans ideas as a threat to it.
Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own inventions.In my opinion here new ways is indirectly referring to technology, thus I think it is the correct one that is strengthening the argument
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those whom they belive are useful to them and punish those whom they belive are threats. Argument talks about the technology and poltical power not about punishing others, so out of scope
(C) Ethical inventiviness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals. Never is to extreme here
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.Argument says people with power often use technology as weapon not someone who is trying to take-over the power, so incorrect
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the political powerful.Although it is a close contender i feel Choice A is better than this one

Correct me If i am wrong....
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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17 May 2013, 12:59
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Question 1

Analysis

Premise - People with political power accepts new technologies to protect/extend their political powers and discard new ideas/ethical arguments that may pose threat to their political powers

Conclusion - Those who have technical ingenuity always benefits by that and those who have wthical inventiveness feel pain by that

There is a logical gap between premise and conclusion. Premise suggests that Politicians tend to adopt new technologies and they tend to discard new ethics. If we establish that they support those who help them adopt new technologies and weaken those who create threat to their political powers then we can safely conclude that People with technical ingenuity gets benefited and People with ethical inventiveness had to sustain pain.

The Choice that establishes this fact would be correct here.

A) Incorrect - This choice only restates the half part of conclusion. It does not reveal that whether the benefit comes from Political side. Moreover it does not comment on Ethical Arguments

B) Correct - This choice perfectly connects the premise with conclusion. Politicians tend to accept new technologies to protect their power - They reward those who offer them new technologies - Therefore the people who offer new technologies get the benefit of this ingenuity.

C) Out of scope. Whether these characteristics are possessed by few indivisuals is not as issue here.

D) Incorrect - This choice infact weakens the conclusion

E) Incorrect - This choice is only comment on half part of the stimulus. i.e. Ethical Inventiveness

Regards,

Narenn
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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21 May 2013, 21:53
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Zarrolou wrote:
1) People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

Explanation:

Points found from the argument are:
1) People with political power consider new technologies favorable and they treat new ethical ideas as threat.
2) Technical ingenuity brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity.
3) Ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

From these points, we can see that
(i) “Technical ingenuity is favorable to politically powerful people” and “people with technical ingenuity are benefited” could be correlated.
(ii) “Ethical arguments are threats to politically powerful people” and “people with ethical inventiveness are mistreated” could be correlated.
(iii) Common factor in the above two points is “politically powerful people”.

A) This statement has nothing to do with the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
B) Correct. This statement clearly links the points (1), (ii), and (iii) above, and thus the statement strengthens the argument.
C) This statement may or may not be true. However, this statement has nothing to do with the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
D) This statement does not affect the conclusion of the argument. Wrong.
E) This statement may or may not be true. But, this statement does not affect the conclusion of the argument. If the people hide their ethical inventiveness, they would not get pain through their ethical inventiveness. Wrong.

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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2015, 14:10
Please check this URL: http://www.urch.com/forums/showthread.p ... R-Question , It states C is the answer and B is an assumption..

The most problemsome issue in Strengthen and assumption questions is, we will find 2 options, 1 which strenthens and other which will be an assumption...

In assumption questions, Strenghtening options on negation will pull down the conclusion as well. On strenthening questions, assumption options will drive us mad on making a choice.. So we have to differentiate between the two somehow.. But how?

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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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14 May 2015, 06:50
prasannar wrote:
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

How to eliminte C? On NEGATING A,same thing cannot bring pain as well as be beneficial.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2015, 11:37
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

Premise 1 ---People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power
premise 2---- they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it.

conclusion---- Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

therefore -------conclusion marker

Objective --- to find the sentence, which strengthen the conclusion

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.

the sentence says that it is not politician that reap the benefits ----wrong, actually it is weakening

(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.

correct

(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals

Irrelevant , strong sentence .

(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.

the sentence is weakling

(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.

look this part of the conclusion ---whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness -----that statement is partial conclusion .

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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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16 May 2016, 19:42
bsd_lover wrote:
Agree with you cat. B it is.
catgmat wrote:
(B) strenghens the conclusion by pointing out that political power benefits from technology and will therefore reward it, while it will punish ethical inventiveness!

cheers

I have a doubt. Why are you comparing technology with people.
C says that people who are beneficial will be rewarded and others punished.
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2016, 04:24
People who have political power tend to see new technologies as a means of extending or protecting their power, whereas they generally see new ethical arguments and ideas as a threat to it. Therefore, technical ingenuity usually brings benefits to those who have this ingenuity, whereas ethical inventiveness brings only pain to those who have this inventiveness.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful.[/textarea][/quote]

(A) Those who offer new ways of justifying current political power often reap the benefits of their own innovations. Not helping in strengthening the argument.
(B) Politically powerful people tend to reward those who they believe are useful to them and to punish those who they believe are a threat.Supporting the conclusion by providing information that they punish those whom they see as threat (people who have ethical inventiveness)
(C) Ethical inventiveness and technical ingenuity are never possessed by the same individuals. Does not effect the conclusion. "Never" is too extreme.
(D) New technologies are often used by people who strive to defeat those who currently have political power. Opposite answer. Political people use new technologies to retain power.
(E) Many people who possess ethical inventiveness conceal their novel ethical arguments for fear of retribution by the politically powerful. Concealing novel ethical arguments does not mean that a person is being punished[/textarea][/quote]
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Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 00:42
this question is interesting because the argument concludes about 2 things.
Re: People who have political power tend to see new technologies &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jun 2017, 00:42

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