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Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is

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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2014, 10:50
Demand for iPhones decreased => So, Apple reduced component orders
Weak demand led to decline in sales

It's sound perfectly logical to me.

Hence the answer should be E.
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 23:43
Correct the sentence in {......}

The study showed that carbon dioxide emissions increased much less in the last year than analysts {had expected them to ????and general pollution levels will flatten} out this year.

1) had expected them to ????and general pollution levels will flatten
2) had expected and that general pollution levels would flatten
3) expected they would and that general pollution levels will be flattening
4) expected it to and and general pollution levels would flatten
5) expected and that general pollution levels will have flatten

Mine answer is 1 but confusion is between 1 and 2 but the use of that has prevented me from choosing it.

{Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in theMormyridae taxon, which includes 203 different species,more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.}

1) Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in the Mormyridae taxon, which includes 203 different species, more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.
2) With 203 different species, that is more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, the Mormyridae taxon has nearly 20 genera of electric fish that are classified in it.
3) The Mormyridae taxon, with nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it, it includes more different species than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, 203.
4) While nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it, the Mormyridae taxon includes 203 different species, which is more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.
5) More than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, the Mormyridae taxon, with nearly 20 genera of electric fish classified in it, includes 203 different species.

Mine answer is 1 as through POE
2 is nonsensical and comparison is wrong
3 use of FYI in the comparision
4 SV error as first part of the sentence "While nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it" whom does it refers to
5 FYI used in comparision

Analysis

Meaning

"Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in theMormyridae taxon" -- The Mormyridae taxon classified nearly 20 genera of electric fish

"which includes 203 different species" -- descriptive information or FYI

"more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined" -- compared with

a. The Mormyridae taxon classified nearly 20 genera of electric fish
b. more than all other taxons of elcetric fish combined.

These two are compared I guess.

Please correct me if I am wrong these are the methods I have learnt from Meghna SC session.

It would be really good if Meghna helps in understanding me the solution or anybody using the FYI as Meghna.

Waiting for a reply.
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2014, 12:16
prudhvirazz wrote:
Demand for iPhones decreased => So, Apple reduced component orders
Weak demand led to decline in sales

It's sound perfectly logical to me.

Hence the answer should be E.




Hi prudhvirazz,
Thank you for the post. :)

Let’s try to understand the structure and the meaning of the original sentence:

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is due to weaker-than-expected demand
• because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined from 23% to 14% since the last year
• while Samsung’s share has steadily increased from 8.8% to 31% during the same time period.

MEANING

• There is a planned reduction in orders for the iPhone 5 components.
• This reduction is caused by weaker-than-expected demand.
• The sentence further tells us the following two events have happened since the last year:
o Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments has declined from 23% to 14%.
o While Samsung’s share has increased from 8.8% to 31%.

Note that, the word ‘because’ conveys the meaning that the demand is weak because Apple’s share has declined. This is illogical. The logical meaning should be that the decline in Apple’s share tells us that the demand is weak.

Also, the plural verb “have declined” does not agree with the singular subject “Apple’s share”.



OPTION E: because of weaker-than-expected demand that decreased Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments

1. In this option, ‘because of’ is used incorrectly to modify the noun “planned reduction”. Idiomatically, ‘because of’ is used to modify verbs and ‘due to’ is used to modify nouns.

To learn more about the difference in the usage of ‘due to’ and ‘because of’, please refer to the following article:
due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html

2. Since the declination in the shipments started last year and it has continued till the time this statement was made, it should be represented using the present perfect tense. It can’t be represented in the simple past tense.

3. This option conveys the meaning that weaker-than-expected demand decreased Apple’s share. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. So, this option is incorrect.



Hope this helps! :)
Deepak
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2014, 00:41
Can somebody let me know whether I have posted my query in the correct place or else please let me know the exact link where I can post for my SC results

Correct the sentence in {......}

The study showed that carbon dioxide emissions increased much less in the last year than analysts {had expected them to ????and general pollution levels will flatten} out this year.

1) had expected them to ????and general pollution levels will flatten
2) had expected and that general pollution levels would flatten
3) expected they would and that general pollution levels will be flattening
4) expected it to and and general pollution levels would flatten
5) expected and that general pollution levels will have flatten

Mine answer is 1 but confusion is between 1 and 2 but the use of that has prevented me from choosing it.

{Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in theMormyridae taxon, which includes 203 different species,more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.}

1) Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in the Mormyridae taxon, which includes 203 different species, more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.
2) With 203 different species, that is more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, the Mormyridae taxon has nearly 20 genera of electric fish that are classified in it.
3) The Mormyridae taxon, with nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it, it includes more different species than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, 203.
4) While nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it, the Mormyridae taxon includes 203 different species, which is more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined.
5) More than all the other taxons of electric fish combined, the Mormyridae taxon, with nearly 20 genera of electric fish classified in it, includes 203 different species.

Mine answer is 1 as through POE
2 is nonsensical and comparison is wrong
3 use of FYI in the comparision
4 SV error as first part of the sentence "While nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in it" whom does it refers to
5 FYI used in comparision

Analysis

Meaning

"Nearly 20 genera of electric fish are classified in theMormyridae taxon" -- The Mormyridae taxon classified nearly 20 genera of electric fish

"which includes 203 different species" -- descriptive information or FYI

"more than all the other taxons of electric fish combined" -- compared with

a. The Mormyridae taxon classified nearly 20 genera of electric fish
b. more than all other taxons of elcetric fish combined.

These two are compared I guess.

Please correct me if I am wrong these are the methods I have learnt from Meghna SC session.

It would be really good if Meghna helps in understanding me the solution or anybody using the FYI as Meghna.

Waiting for a reply.
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2015, 00:18
egmat wrote:
pritish2301 wrote:
A. due to weaker-than-expected demand because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined - SV issue
B. because of weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments declined - not parallel with "Has increased"
C. due to weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments has declined - Parallel - But I am a little unsure about the colon being introduced here
D. because of weaker-than-expected demand, declining Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments - "Declining" is not parallel "Increased"
E. because of weaker-than-expected demand that decreased Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments - not parallel with "Has increased"

In real test, I would go with the lesser evil C

But I have two doubts, if someone can help I will be happy.
1. Colon is required while writing a list. Is Apple's share and Samsung's share forming a list here?
2. According to Aristotle SC Grail, generally past perfect is accompanied with "SINCE". Here even though, the "has declined" is parallel with "has steadily increased" is it compliant with Since?

Thanking a lot in advance for your feedback.

Regards,
Pritish


Hi Pritish,

Here are the answers for your doubts:
1. Colon can be used to join two independent clauses. In such structures, the clause after the colon presents detailed information about the clause preceding the colon. So essentially, the part after the colon is the extension of the part before the colon.

Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is due to weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments has declined from 23% to 14% since the last year while Samsung’s share has steadily increased from 8.8% to 31% during the same time period.

In this sentence with the correct answer choice, the clause after the colon describes what has led to “weaker-than-expected demand”. So this construction is correct.

2. With “since” we use “present perfect tense”. This is so because “since” suggests an action that has started sometime in the past and is still continuing. Present perfect tense just does that. Hence, the e-gmat sentence, use of “since” is correct because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments began to decline last year and continues in the present as well. Same holds true about the increase in the Samsung’s share.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shraddha

I think you are contradicting your statement. Read below error analysis.

Illogical Meaning – The sentence implies that demand if weaker because Apple’s share has declined over a certain time period. The causal relationship in this context does not make much sense since the demand did not become weak because the shipments decreased. In fact the correct relationship should be as follows: Demand has weakened as evidenced by the decrease in number of shipments. So the correct sentence should present such relationship.

And in the explanation of "Colon" you are saying.

In this sentence with the correct answer choice, the clause after the colon describes what has led to “weaker-than-expected demand”. So this construction is correct.

Am i correct? Please explain.
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 04:56
you can not use because of for the nouns, you should use due to so eliminate B,D,E.
'have declined' is wrong at A because Apple's share is singular
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 13:14
Gmates wrote:
you can not use because of for the nouns, you should use due to so eliminate B,D,E.
'have declined' is wrong at A because Apple's share is singular


This article may be useful for those who need further explanation:

http://gmatclub.com/blog/2012/10/due-to-vs-because-of/
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2017, 16:44
haulem wrote:
the solution is simple

there is always verb before due to and never b4 because of

so left with 2 options
in the 1st option,we need singular verb has instead of have

so left with c,which is correct answer

@e-gmat ?
@
egmat wrote:
Hi Folks,


Is always true that: there is always verb before due to and never b4 because of ?
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Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2017, 11:11
bestaaron55 wrote:
haulem wrote:
the solution is simple

there is always verb before due to and never b4 because of

so left with 2 options
in the 1st option,we need singular verb has instead of have

so left with c,which is correct answer

@e-gmat ?
@
egmat wrote:
Hi Folks,


Is always true that: there is always verb before due to and never b4 because of ?


"Before" or "after" does not matter - a sentence may start with either.
The point is that "due" is an adjective and hence must refer to a noun, whereas "because of' is an adverbial clause and must refer to a verb.

The stoppage was due to rain. ("due to" modifies "stoppage" (noun))
The game stopped because of rain. ("because of" modifies "stopped" (verb))

Note that in either case there is a verb before "due to" / "because of". (One thumb-rule is that being an adjective, "due to" goes with only the verb "to be".)
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Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Sep 2017, 19:47
Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is due to weaker-than-expected demand because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined from 23% to 14% since last year while Samsung’s share has steadily increased from 8.8% to 31% during the same period.  


A) due to weaker-than-expected demand because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined 

B) because of weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments declined 

C) due to weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments has declined 

D) because of weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have been declining

E) due to weaker-than-expected demand that decreased Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments
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Originally posted by bkpolymers1617 on 09 Sep 2017, 07:45.
Last edited by broall on 09 Sep 2017, 19:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 08:38
1) due to vs because of ---> planned reduction in orders..... iPhone 5 is a noun phase that required DUE TO

If it said orders for components in iPhone5 is planned to reduce ---> need because (no of - since it is dependent phase) Apple's share.... have declined

If it said orders for components in iPhone5 is planned to reduce BECAUSE OF decreased Apple's share of world-wide smartphone

Thus B and D are out

A) out because S-V agreement - Apple's share.... have

E) out parallelism issue - decreased apple's shares... while Samsung's shares has increased

My answer is C


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Re: Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 10:28
Dear Experts,

The OA should be C, considering the expression "due to" should be used to modify nouns. Please verify
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Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 19:47
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
Planned reduction in orders for components for the iPhone 5 is due to weaker-than-expected demand because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined from 23% to 14% since last year while Samsung’s share has steadily increased from 8.8% to 31% during the same period.  


A) due to weaker-than-expected demand because Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have declined 

B) because of weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments declined 

C) due to weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments has declined 

D) because of weaker-than-expected demand: Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments have been declining

E) due to weaker-than-expected demand that decreased Apple’s share of world-wide smartphone shipments

Source: Knewton


This question seems to be copied from e-gmat:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/planned-redu ... 46404.html

Merged topic.
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