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# Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to

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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does- Professor A disagree with it since he is only talking about health care and agro initiatives

Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people, Yes since professor 2 qoutes "Once local farmers can transport produce to market they will be willing to pay for schools -- and to make sure schools succeed"

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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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Sajjad1994, shouldn't the answer for 1 be B? The criteria for choosing an answer option in 1 was " Professor A would likely disagree with ", option b states that "The aid industry should focus more on primary education than it now does.", this is something professor A disagrees with he wants the "aid companies" to focus on healthcare.
Whereas option c states that "The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does", which is what professor A wants in the first place, he wants the aid industry to focus its spending less on education and focus on provide healthcare>

I would love to hear you thoughts on this or of anyone else as and when they go through the post.
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
By reading the prompt, I learn that:
Prof A: likes to focus on health programs --> less focus on primary education, by clearly saying "limit its effort to" (option C)
Prof B: focus on infrastructure, then the local could pay the school and is incentive to ensure the success of the schools --> also imply less focus on primary education, at least not directly spend on primary schools.

While the question asks something that Prof A would disagree and B will support such disagreement --> something Prof A and B disagree. Per my understanding the disagreement lies in the way to help the poorest area.

And regarding the focus of the aid industry, A and B are on the same side (less focus). So for me this question is paradox.

I am wondering whether this is an official question.
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
chetansharma, yashikaagarwal, AndrewN, I would love to hear your take on this IR question.
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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kntombat
chetansharma, yashikaagarwal, AndrewN, I would love to hear your take on this IR question.

Hi

As also explained above by AndrewN, here limit is used as restrict.
Remember we used to be told in childhood - limit your speech/views to the topic being discussed.
Or the politician limited his work to his constituency.
This means he just worked on his constituency or the speech should be restricted to the topic being discussed.

Here too rather the professor A says that the spending should be restricted to
a) spending on primary schools in the poorest areas,
b) providing medicines and other basic supplies for health care such as mosquito nets, and
c) to a few key agricultural initiatives.

So C goes against what professor A strongly feels about.

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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
For 1. Why can't it be A? and for 2. D?
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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Official Explanation

The wording of the question suggests that the correctness of an answer for one of the response opportunities will depend on the correctness of the answer to the other. We are to find a statement such that the information indicates Professor A would likely disagree with the first statement and Professor B would take the second statement to present evidence against the first.

The only statement that the dialogue strongly suggests Professor A would disagree with is the third option. For example, if the relative distribution of spending by the aid industry between primary schools in the poorest areas, medicines and other basic supplies for health care such as mosquito nets, and the few key agricultural initiatives is maintained, while spending in other areas is drastically reduced, then the aid industry will thereby focus its spending more on primary education than it now does.

The correct answer is The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does.

Given the answer above, the question requires identification of the statement that Professor B would take to be evidence for the statement that the aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does. The claims attributed to Professor B, in the context of the dialogue with Professor A, strongly suggest that she would take such evidence to be provided by the sixth option.

The correct answer is Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people.
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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The official explanation seems to be in a direct contradiction of what the original instructions/statements said. It is simply a typo. The rest of the explanation works if you just ignore the part that clearly contradicts the stem but let me know if not.

Professor A would likely disagree with (1) and Professor B would take (2) to present logical support for (1).

-BB
Official Explanation

The wording of the question suggests that the correctness of an answer for one of the response opportunities will depend on the correctness of the answer to the other. We are to find a statement such that the information indicates Professor A would likely disagree with the first statement and Professor B would take the second statement to present evidence against the first.

The only statement that the dialogue strongly suggests Professor A would disagree with is the third option. For example, if the relative distribution of spending by the aid industry between primary schools in the poorest areas, medicines and other basic supplies for health care such as mosquito nets, and the few key agricultural initiatives is maintained, while spending in other areas is drastically reduced, then the aid industry will thereby focus its spending more on primary education than it now does.

The correct answer is The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does.

Given the answer above, the question requires identification of the statement that Professor B would take to be evidence for the statement that the aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does. The claims attributed to Professor B, in the context of the dialogue with Professor A, strongly suggest that she would take such evidence to be provided by the sixth option.

The correct answer is Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people.
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
Hi, I am Stanley, I think there is something wrong from the IR question no. IR00848, the question narrative and the answer explanation are quite contrary, which is also strange. ---> My question mark is between the statement "Professor B would take (2) to present logical support for (1)" and "Professor B would take the second statement to present evidence against the first."

The question narrative says:
Suppose that the professors' statements express their genuine opinions. Select statements (1) and (2) as follows: Professor A would likely disagree with (1) and Professor B would take (2) to present logical support for (1). Select only two statements, one per column. ---> Require us to select one item that Professor B would ”support” for (1)

But in the answer explanation says:
The wording of the question suggests that the correctness of an answer for one of the response opportunities will depend on the correctness of the answer to the other. We are to find a statement in the table such that the information indicates Professor A would likely disagree with the first statement and
---> Professor B would take the second statement to present evidence “against” the first.

Also, the explanation is really vague : Does’t show whether the statement (2) support or refute statement (1)…
B. Infer
Given the answer for A, the question requires identification of the statement within the table that Professor B would take to be evidence for the statement that the aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does. The claims attributed to Professor B, in the context of the dialogue with Professor A, strongly suggest that she would take such evidence to be provided by F.
The correct answer is F, Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people.

BR,
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Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
Given the arguments presented by Professor A and Professor B, we can infer their positions based on their statements and thus choose appropriate answers that each would agree or disagree with, and that logically support their viewpoints.Professor A's statement: Professor A advocates for focusing aid efforts on primary education in the poorest areas, health care provisions like medicines and mosquito nets, and key agricultural initiatives. This suggests a strong belief in direct aid interventions in these areas.

Professor B's statement: Professor B criticizes the effectiveness of education work and suggests that infrastructure improvements, like building roads, could be more beneficial initially. This viewpoint supports the idea that economic improvements can create a self-sustaining demand for education funded by local resources.

Analyzing the options:

1. The aid industry should focus less on the areas of health and agriculture than it now does.

• Professor A would disagree with this because it conflicts with his support for focusing aid on health and agriculture.
• Professor B wouldn't necessarily support this as his argument is not against health and agriculture but emphasizes prioritizing infrastructure over education initially.
2. The aid industry should focus more on primary education than it now does.

• Professor A would agree, aligning with his focus on spending in primary education.
• Professor B would disagree as he questions the effectiveness of current educational aid efforts.
3. The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does.

• Professor A would disagree with this statement, as he supports spending on primary education.
• Professor B would likely agree, providing logical support, based on his belief in the benefits of infrastructure leading to self-sustaining education funding.
4. Projects in health and agriculture are more likely to be successful if they are not paid for by the aid industry.

• Neither professor explicitly supports or refutes this idea based on their statements. It doesn’t align closely with either professor’s argument.
5. Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by the aid industry.

• Professor A might agree, given his support for aid spending in primary education.
• Professor B would disagree, as he suggests local funding as a more effective solution.
6. Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people.

• Professor A would disagree as his view supports aid-funded projects.
• Professor B would agree and see this as logical support, based on his advocacy for local funding following economic improvements.
Conclusion: Given the positions of Professor A and Professor B:

• (1) The aid industry should focus its spending less on primary education than it now does.
• Professor A would likely disagree.
• (2) Projects in education are more likely to be successful if they are paid for by local people.
• Professor B would likely find this statement to provide logical support for reducing focus on direct aid in education.
These selections best represent the disagreement and support dynamics between the two professors based on their presented views.
Re: Professor A: The aid industry should begin to limit its efforts to [#permalink]
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