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# Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the

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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4394
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2015, 18:37
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (00:44) correct 25% (00:41) wrong based on 440 sessions

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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Pronoun Revision Project.

One of the important functions of the United Nations is to decide if they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that assumed power through violence.

A. to decide if they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that

B. to decide whether to recognize the legitimacy of a new government that

C. deciding whether to recognize a new government to be legitimate that

D. to decide if it should recognize the legitimacy of a new government, which

E. deciding whether they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that

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Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 137
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2015, 18:44
1
I could find two problems in original sentence:
- "The United Nations" is singular entity. "They" is not proper pronoun for it.
- "If" is normally used to show conditional situation. Here use of "whether" is required.
So, A and D are out. C and E wrong because of use of verb+ing form. It seems like "One of the important functions of the United Nations" is actually doing (deciding) something.
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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4394
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
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WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2015, 18:29
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1
In the original sentence, the plural pronoun “they” has no clear antecedent. It is trying
to refer to the United Nations, which is a singular noun. Additionally, on the GMAT, “if”
is used for a conditional idea, while “whether” is used for an alternative or possibility.
In this sentence, the United Nations is choosing between two possibilities: either it will
recognize the legitimacy of a new government or it will not. Thus, “whether” is the
appropriate word.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice correctly resolves the pronoun issue, and is the only
answer choice that avoids serious problems.

(C) The use of “deciding” as opposed to the infinitive “decide” is appropriate, but this
sentence incorrectly separates the modifier “that assumed power through violence”
from the modified noun “government,” making this choice awkward and incorrect.

(D) In this choice, “if” is incorrectly used to distinguish between alternatives.
Furthermore the non-restrictive relative pronoun “which” is used to introduce a
restrictive clause. Because the clause “that assumed power through violence” is
essential to the meaning of the sentence, “that” must introduce the clause.
Conversely, “which” is used to introduce nonessential elements.

(E) In this choice, the pronoun “they” has no clear antecedent, since the United
Nations is a singular entity.
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Director
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 520
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2017, 12:54
One of the important functions of the United Nations is to decide if they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that assumed power through violence.

A. to decide if they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that
United states is a singular noun, and should be refered by a singular pronoun.
B. to decide whether to recognize the legitimacy of a new government that
Correct choice and correct meaning
C. deciding whether to recognize a new government to be legitimate that
deciding is wrong ver+ing form used.
D. to decide if it should recognize the legitimacy of a new government, which
Similar to option B but the if it should changes the meaning somehwhat.
E. deciding whether they should recognize the legitimacy of a new government that
They is wrongy used for singular antecedent.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3518
Re: Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2018, 23:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Pronoun Revision: One of the important functions of the &nbs [#permalink] 29 Nov 2018, 23:55
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