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# QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans

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QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 14:14
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (01:10) correct 17% (01:08) wrong based on 438 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 106: Sentence Correction

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Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.

(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent

(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented

(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 14:17
2
1
There's some nice, low-hanging fruit right at the beginning of the non-underlined portion of the sentence. And I like that sort of thing -- it makes life easier.

"Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, ________" Well, the thing that fits in the blank MUST be something that can actually be developed by Palatine Germans, as discussed in our sexy guide to "-ed" words.

So with that in mind...

Quote:
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent

... "they" doesn't make any sense here at all. "They" presumably refers to Palatine Germans -- the only plural noun earlier in the sentence -- and the Palatine Germans weren't developed by Palatine Germans. (I don't actually know much about the Palatine Germans, but maybe they developed really awesome baked goods? Because German bakeries are freaking fantastic. But maybe I already mentioned that in another QOTD explanation? I'll stop now.)

I'm also not crazy about the second "they" later in the sentence. It's not necessarily wrong, but it's awfully muddy -- "they" logically refers to "wagons", but "wagons" is way back in the sentence, hiding behind a whole bunch of other plural nouns, and that's not awesome. But the "-ed" modifier error is very definitely wrong, so (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented

I'm pretty much OK with everything in (B), other than the "-ed" modifier error -- it's the same mistake as in (A). So (B) is gone, too.

Quote:
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

The "-ed" modifier is fine now, but we don't really have a sentence anymore. "Conestoga wagons" is presumably the grammatical subject of the sentence, but there's never a main verb. "Had a floor..." would work, in theory, but the "and" messes it up.

Or if you prefer, you could think of it this way: "and" is a parallelism trigger, and it's followed by the verb phrase "had a floor." But there's no verb phrase earlier in the sentence that "had a floor" could parallel to.

However you prefer to think of it, (C) is wrong.

Quote:
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

This looks pretty good. The "-ed" modifier is fine, and the parallelism is fine, too: "and" is followed by "a floor that was curved upward..." -- and that's a noun that's parallel to "high wheels." No problem there: the list just consists of two things that the Conestoga wagons had. Keep (D).

Quote:
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

(E) isn't so different from (D), except for the very end of the underlined portion: "floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented..." Whoa, WTF does "it" refer to here? "Floors" and "wagons" are plural, and I can't find anything else that could possibly make sense with that pronoun.

So (E) can be eliminated, and (D) wins.
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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 14:36
Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
wagons have 2 features - high wheels (described in 3 parts- capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie) and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent=> clearly describing in option D by making the use of ,and.
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented
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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 18:29
Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.

(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
- Modified subject "Conestoga wagons" should follow modifier. Because of use of WITH It appears that manufacturer use HIGH wheels as a tool to make Wagons. Antecedent of THEY in latter half is ambiguous. Hence Incorrect.

(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
- Modified subject "Conestoga wagons" should follow modifier. Antecedent of THEY in latter half is ambiguous. Hence Incorrect.

(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
- If we remove the highlighted modifier, we will get a FRAGMENT. Hence Incorrect.

(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
CORRECT

(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented
- Plural pronoun should have been used. Comma should have been used before AND to highlight two features of the wagons. Hence Incorrect.
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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2017, 07:40
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 106: Sentence Correction

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Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

"Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750" should modify Conestoga wagons .
The above clause can not modify they (Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans) this usage creates meaning error. So A and B are out

The next thing to note here is that the sentence has a list so we have to make sure that each item in the list should be parallel and make sense .
C is wrong as there no parallelism and the sentence wants to emphasise the floor over other items , this usage creates meaning error so C is out
D is correct as every item in the list is parallel
E We pronoun error in E and parallelism is not maintained in E by using participle .

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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2017, 00:41
Developed by Pennsylvania’s Palatine Germans about 1750, Conestoga wagons,
with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads
of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
cargo from shifting on steep grades.
A. wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end
so as to prevent
B. wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie, and with a floor that was curved upward at both
ends to prevent
C. wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy
flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their
ends so that they prevented
D. wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends
to prevent
E. wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it
prevented

This question is a little modification of the similar question already posted in the forum. But my doubt here is that the why is past perfect tense 'Had"used here when there are no sequence of actions taken place .
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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2017, 03:07
longhaul123 wrote:
This question is a little modification of the similar question already posted in the forum. But my doubt here is that the why is past perfect tense 'Had"used here when there are no sequence of actions taken place .

Hi longhaul123,

It's not "past perfect", it's the simple past.

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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 04:45
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 106: Sentence Correction

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Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.

(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent

(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented

(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Te initial question statement as per question is below.

Developed by Pennsylvania’s Palatine Germans about 1750, Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.

However the above sentence is in one of the options
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Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2018, 04:45
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