It is currently 12 Dec 2017, 23:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4734

Kudos [?]: 18042 [0], given: 1990

Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:14
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:10) correct 18% (01:06) wrong based on 286 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 106: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Kudos [?]: 18042 [0], given: 1990

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1223

Kudos [?]: 2033 [2], given: 462

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:17
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
There's some nice, low-hanging fruit right at the beginning of the non-underlined portion of the sentence. And I like that sort of thing -- it makes life easier.

"Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, ________" Well, the thing that fits in the blank MUST be something that can actually be developed by Palatine Germans, as discussed in our sexy guide to "-ed" words.

So with that in mind...

Quote:
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent

... "they" doesn't make any sense here at all. "They" presumably refers to Palatine Germans -- the only plural noun earlier in the sentence -- and the Palatine Germans weren't developed by Palatine Germans. (I don't actually know much about the Palatine Germans, but maybe they developed really awesome baked goods? Because German bakeries are freaking fantastic. But maybe I already mentioned that in another QOTD explanation? I'll stop now.)

I'm also not crazy about the second "they" later in the sentence. It's not necessarily wrong, but it's awfully muddy -- "they" logically refers to "wagons", but "wagons" is way back in the sentence, hiding behind a whole bunch of other plural nouns, and that's not awesome. But the "-ed" modifier error is very definitely wrong, so (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented

I'm pretty much OK with everything in (B), other than the "-ed" modifier error -- it's the same mistake as in (A). So (B) is gone, too.

Quote:
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

The "-ed" modifier is fine now, but we don't really have a sentence anymore. "Conestoga wagons" is presumably the grammatical subject of the sentence, but there's never a main verb. "Had a floor..." would work, in theory, but the "and" messes it up.

Or if you prefer, you could think of it this way: "and" is a parallelism trigger, and it's followed by the verb phrase "had a floor." But there's no verb phrase earlier in the sentence that "had a floor" could parallel to.

However you prefer to think of it, (C) is wrong.

Quote:
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent

This looks pretty good. The "-ed" modifier is fine, and the parallelism is fine, too: "and" is followed by "a floor that was curved upward..." -- and that's a noun that's parallel to "high wheels." No problem there: the list just consists of two things that the Conestoga wagons had. Keep (D).

Quote:
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

(E) isn't so different from (D), except for the very end of the underlined portion: "floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented..." Whoa, WTF does "it" refer to here? "Floors" and "wagons" are plural, and I can't find anything else that could possibly make sense with that pronoun.

So (E) can be eliminated, and (D) wins.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Friendly warning: I'm bad at PMs

GMAT Ninja Wednesdays LIVE on YouTube
Join us, and ask your questions in advance!

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99... in any section order

YouTube verbal webinars:
"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning | Simplifying GMAT verb tenses | Comparisons, part I |
November webinar schedule

Kudos [?]: 2033 [2], given: 462

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 392

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 71

GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:36
Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
wagons have 2 features - high wheels (described in 3 parts- capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie) and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent=> clearly describing in option D by making the use of ,and.
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented
_________________

Give Kudos for correct answer and/or if you like the solution.

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 71

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 28 May 2017
Posts: 296

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 12

Concentration: Finance, General Management
QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2017, 17:29
Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.

(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
- Modified subject "Conestoga wagons" should follow modifier. Because of use of WITH It appears that manufacturer use HIGH wheels as a tool to make Wagons. Antecedent of THEY in latter half is ambiguous. Hence Incorrect.

(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
- Modified subject "Conestoga wagons" should follow modifier. Antecedent of THEY in latter half is ambiguous. Hence Incorrect.

(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
- If we remove the highlighted modifier, we will get a FRAGMENT. Hence Incorrect.

(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
CORRECT

(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented
- Plural pronoun should have been used. Comma should have been used before AND to highlight two features of the wagons. Hence Incorrect.
_________________

If you like the post, show appreciation by pressing Kudos button

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 12

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1088

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 564

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: 314 Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Sep 2017, 06:40
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 106: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750, they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent cargo from shifting on steep grades.
(A) they made Conestoga wagons with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
(B) they made Conestoga wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their ends so that they prevented
(C) Conestoga wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and had a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(D) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends to prevent
(E) Conestoga wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it prevented

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


The answer is D

"Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans about 1750" should modify Conestoga wagons .
The above clause can not modify they (Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans) this usage creates meaning error. So A and B are out

The next thing to note here is that the sentence has a list so we have to make sure that each item in the list should be parallel and make sense .
C is wrong as there no parallelism and the sentence wants to emphasise the floor over other items , this usage creates meaning error so C is out
D is correct as every item in the list is parallel
E We pronoun error in E and parallelism is not maintained in E by using participle .

_________________

We are more often frightened than hurt; and we suffer more from imagination than from reality

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 564

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 177

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 14

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Developed by Pennsylvania’s Palatine Germans about [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2017, 23:41
Developed by Pennsylvania’s Palatine Germans about 1750, Conestoga wagons,
with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and the nonroads
of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end so as to prevent
cargo from shifting on steep grades.
A. wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie and they had a floor curved upward on either end
so as to prevent
B. wagons, with high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie, and with a floor that was curved upward at both
ends to prevent
C. wagons, which had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy
flats, and the nonroads of the prairie, and floors curved upward on their
ends so that they prevented
D. wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie, and a floor that was curved upward at both ends
to prevent
E. wagons had high wheels capable of crossing rutted roads, muddy flats, and
the nonroads of the prairie and floors curving upward at their ends so that it
prevented

This question is a little modification of the similar question already posted in the forum. But my doubt here is that the why is past perfect tense 'Had"used here when there are no sequence of actions taken place .

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 14

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 Jun 2017
Posts: 56

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 5

Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2017, 02:07
longhaul123 wrote:
This question is a little modification of the similar question already posted in the forum. But my doubt here is that the why is past perfect tense 'Had"used here when there are no sequence of actions taken place .


Hi longhaul123,

It's not "past perfect", it's the simple past.

had = V2
_________________

Seize the day.

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 5

Re: QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2017, 02:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by

QOTD: Developed by Pennsylvania's Palatine Germans

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.