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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record

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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 96: Sentence Correction


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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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This is a sneaky, sneaky question. The most important part of the sentence comes right at the beginning: “in addition to her work…” It’s not quite a comparison, but imagine what would happen if this said “in contrast to her work…” You’d want to follow the comma with something that can be logically compared with “her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record”, right? And that would be “Leakey’s contributions…” not “Leakey” herself.

The same is true with the “in addition to.” It’s not ideal to say “in addition to her work…, Leakey…” (A), (B), and (C) are all flawed for that reason, but some of them have other issues, too.

Quote:
A. Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(A) also has a parallelism error. After the parallelism trigger “and”, we have “painstakingly documenting.” So we need something in the same format, and I just don’t see any options. “Her discovery” would be the closest thing, but that’s still not structurally parallel to “painstakingly documenting.” (A) is gone.

Quote:
B. Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

The biggest problem with this is probably the “in addition to her work…, Leakey” thing we discussed at the top. But I also think it’s wrong to say “Leakey contributed… by her discovery…” You could talk me into “with her discovery” or “by documenting” – but not “by her discovery. Ditch (B).

Quote:
C. Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

“Leakey was a contributor to archaeology” is a very odd way to say that she “contributed to archaeology”, but I’m not 100% certain that it’s wrong. But we still have the same “in addition to her work…, Leakey” thing that we discussed at the beginning. (C) is out.

Quote:
D. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

The beginning makes much more sense now: “in addition to her work…, Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include…” That’s great, both because it’s parallel (two possessive nouns) and because it makes a whole lot of sense. The parallelism is better, too: “Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation…” Can’t ask for much better. Keep (D).

Quote:
E. Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

This isn’t horrible, but it’s not as good as (D). First, “include her discovering” is pretty crappy – it makes much more sense to put the possessive “her” in front of the common noun “discovery” instead of the gerund “discovering.” The parallelism is also a little bit off: “Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation…” It’s weird to have the possessive + gerund in the first part, and then a nice noun in the second part of the parallel list.

Again, (E) isn’t a total disaster, but it’s clearly a weaker answer than (D).
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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 96: Sentence Correction


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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

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Is the correct ans D?

A. with her [noun] and [verb] parallelism issue

B. by her [noun] .. and by [verb] parallelism issue


D. No parallelism issue.

E. parallelism issue. It would have been correctly had it said 'discovering the .. and painstakingly documenting the ..'


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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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My answer: D (Awaiting OA)

In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting -Both the parts are not parallel.

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting -Both the parts are not parallel.

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of -We need present tense

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of -Correct. Both the parts are parallel. Also, I have seen quiet a few official questions that use a pronoun to refer back to noun+'s form. In this case "her" is referring to Mary Leakey.

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of -Both the parts are not parallel.
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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IMO C

Phrase :- In addition to her work. Her demands a noun, hence Mary Leaky is required
Eliminate D and E

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting Not parallel

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting Not parallel

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of Parallel yay!!
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 96: Sentence Correction


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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


I choose D.

- "In addition to" is an appositive phrase, describes someone's work. A,B and C out because her work is not the same with the person itself.
- Now between D and E : E seems strange in "her discovering". What is the function of V-ing here?
- On the other hand, choice D seems parallel between "her discovery" and "her painstaking documentation".

Waiting for OA and wonderful explanation from GMATNinja !
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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IMO its E
Parallelism is maintained in 'her work' and 'leakey's contributions'; and in include her 'discovering' and 'painstaking documentation'
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2017, 21:02
I go with option D.

Because this is the only option in which the modifier modifies Mary Leakey correctly. Also, 'her discovery' and 'her painstaking' are parallel.


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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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I picked (C).

The beginning of the sentence makes reference to "her" so surely the underlined portion must tell us who "her" is. D and E make Mary Leakey's contributions as the referent, but the contributions can't be "her". D and E are out.

Thereafter I used parallelism of the two activities that Mary did, i.e. discovery and documentation. So I went with C.
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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D

Her contribution goes well with Leakey's.

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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 06:04
D and E are wrong because of possessive case.
C is correct because correct parallelism is maintained.
With her discovery.... and with her painstaking...

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QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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There are two versions of the same sentence with different OAs. .Both are from GMAT prep...


The first version

In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology through her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and through her painstaking documentation of East African cave paintings.

A) Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology through her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and through her painstaking documentation of -- Parallelism ok

B) Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting --- discovery and documenting not parallel

C) Mary Leakey was a contributor to archaeology by discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of ----discovering and documentation not parallel

D) Mary Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting discovery and documenting not parallel

E) Mary Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of --- discovering and documentation not parallel


OA is A

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Another official version of the same topic,

In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting --- discovery and documenting not parallel

B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting---- discovery and documenting not parallel

C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of -- was a contributor is unidiomtic

D) Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of --- parallelism is ok

E) Leakey's contributions to archaeology include discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of --- discovering and documentation is not ok



OA is D
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 22:48
Answer is D.

A, B and C compare "her work" to "Leakey". This is parallelism issue.
D is okay.
E has "discovering" - This extra "ing" is issue.


Hence answer is D
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 04:05
Her should refer to Mary Leakey and not Mary Leakey's contributions. Therefore, D and E shouldn't be correct in my view. Correct answer should be either A or B. My choice would be B.

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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting:not parallel

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting :not parallel

(C) [color=#ffff00]Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of[/color] : this sentence is parallel but says leaky was contributor ,present tense is preferred for facts.

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of :parallel and in present tense as facts are generally correct answer

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of ::not parallel
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 05:36
daagh wrote:
There are two versions of the same sentence with different OAs. .Both are from GMAT prep...


The first version

In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology through her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and through her painstaking documentation of East African cave paintings.

A) Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology through her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and through her painstaking documentation of -- Parallelism ok

B) Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting --- discovery and documenting not parallel

C) Mary Leakey was a contributor to archaeology by discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of ----discovering and documentation not parallel

D) Mary Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting discovery and documenting not parallel

E) Mary Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of --- discovering and documentation not parallel


OA is A

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Another official version of the same topic,

In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting --- discovery and documenting not parallel

B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting---- discovery and documenting not parallel

C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of -- was a contributor is unidiomtic

D) Leakey's contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of --- parallelism is ok

E) Leakey's contributions to archaeology include discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of --- discovering and documentation is not ok



OA is D


Daagh Sir,

Thank you for bringing out both the examples. This is a very important point. Now my question is how can 'her work' modify the subject i.e ML as well 'her contributions' as is given in both the options.

Thank you.
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African cave paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey’s contributions to archaeology include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

Deleting the modifiers and other non-necessary words, the concise part of the sentence is as follows -

"In addition to her work , Mary Leakey's contribution include her discovery of evidence and her painstaking documentation of paintings."

Correct Answer shall be D. I took around 1:10 mins

I guess , there is somewhat parallelism error in the original sentence. Pl correct me if I am wrong. GMATNinja
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2017, 12:50
Hi GmatNinja,

The sentence is talking about "her" but we have Micky Haley's contributions in OA. Is it not a pronoun issue. I eliminated D and E because I thought both the sentences have pronoun issue.

Can you help me on understanding this.
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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kamalakarthi wrote:
Hi GmatNinja,

The sentence is talking about "her" but we have Micky Haley's contributions in OA. Is it not a pronoun issue. I eliminated D and E because I thought both the sentences have pronoun issue.

Can you help me on understanding this.

I'm not quite sure what you mean, but in (D) and (E), "her work" is properly compared with "Leakey's contributions", as explained here. (And by "Micky Haley", I assume that you mean "Mary Leakey"?) And there's no ambiguity problem with the pronoun at all in (D) or (E): the possessive pronoun "her" refers to "Leakey's" -- a possessive (female) noun.

Are you maybe thinking that the word "her" has to refer to "Mary Leakey", instead of "Mary Leakey's"? It's not a problem for a possessive pronoun to refer to a possessive noun.

I'm not sure if I'm on the right track, but I hope this helps!
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Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 18:11
GMATNinja wrote:
kamalakarthi wrote:
Hi GmatNinja,

The sentence is talking about "her" but we have Micky Haley's contributions in OA. Is it not a pronoun issue. I eliminated D and E because I thought both the sentences have pronoun issue.

Can you help me on understanding this.

I'm not quite sure what you mean, but in (D) and (E), "her work" is properly compared with "Leakey's contributions", as explained here. (And by "Micky Haley", I assume that you mean "Mary Leakey"?) And there's no ambiguity problem with the pronoun at all in (D) or (E): the possessive pronoun "her" refers to "Leakey's" -- a possessive (female) noun.

Are you maybe thinking that the word "her" has to refer to "Mary Leakey", instead of "Mary Leakey's"? It's not a problem for a possessive pronoun to refer to a possessive noun.

I'm not sure if I'm on the right track, but I hope this helps!


Thank you so much GmatNinja. My doubt was on "her" refering to "Mary Leakey".
Re: QOTD: In addition to her work on the Miocene hominid fossil record   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2017, 18:11

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