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# QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support

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QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 11:14
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59% (01:00) correct 41% (01:12) wrong based on 782 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 116: Sentence Correction

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Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

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https://www.nytimes.com/1990/07/10/science/telescopes-peer-through-cosmic-dust-into-maelstrom-at-galaxy-s-center.html

The most likely explanation for these observations, the astronomers said, is the presence of a black hole. Other astronomers agreed that the results lent strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and probably at the center of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to inhabit the universe. By their nature, black holes cannot be seen directly, only inferred by the behavior of surrounding forces, so their existence has yet to be established beyond doubt.

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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 11:15
4
2
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

We featured this thing in our latest YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning, but… well, you’ll have to sift through an hourlong video to find the explanation in there. So here’s the quicker, written version that you could print out and post on your office wall. Or, um… something.

Quote:
(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

“And” is our parallelism trigger, and it’s followed by the prepositional phrase “of many of the other…” So here’s what the parallelism looks like: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Does that actually make sense? Sure: “recent findings lend support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center… of many of the 100 billion other galaxies…” Let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and

If we do the same thing that we did in (A), we have problems.

The parallelism trigger “and” is followed by the noun “many of the 100 billion other galaxies.” I guess that’s parallel to the noun “the Milky Way’s center”?

So we’d have “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the Milky Way’s center and many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

That makes no sense. The “stem” – the part of the sentence that immediate precedes the parallel list – just doesn’t work with the second item in the list: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

So (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and

(C) has basically the same error as (B): “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Again, that “stem” – “recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at” – makes no sense with the second item in the list. We’d have: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

(C) is gone, too.

Quote:
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and

(D) basically has the same problem as (B) and (C). “And” is still followed by the same noun, “many of the 100 billion other galaxies. And that still doesn’t make any sense: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory of a black hole lying at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Plus, I’m not sure that it makes a whole lot of sense to say “the theory of a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center.” The phrase “the theory of _____” works if you can summarize that theory as a single noun: “the theory of relativity” or “the theory of evolution”, for example. But “the theory of a black hole”? I’m not so sure about that. “… the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the galaxy…” makes much more sense.

And if you don’t buy anything I wrote in that last paragraph, that’s cool for now. The parallelism issue still wipes out (D).

Quote:
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

So the parallelism is fine here, since it’s exactly the same as in (A). So what’s the only real difference between (A) and (E)? It’s that goofy difference between “the theory of a black hole that lies…” and “the theory that a black hole lies…” And the latter makes more sense.

If you picked (E), that’s not terrible. But given the choice, (A) is better.
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 11:29
1
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of - Correct
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and -hole lies at "many of the 100 billion galaxies". Nonsensical structure.
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and - Same error as B
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and -No parallelism, same error as in B
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of -Theory is not OF a black hole. In fact it's a theory THAT supports some fact about black hole.
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 23:35
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 116: Sentence Correction

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Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center an
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

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IMO A
Split 1
We need that to make the sentence look formal D and E are out
Spit 2
center of the Milky Way and of C and B are out although E has the correct version but it does not uses that so out .

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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 06:15
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of correct
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and : using "and" for parallelism the the word that must be repeated
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center an : an in front of many is wrong
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and : that is required after theory
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of : that is required after theory
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2017, 06:32
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 116: Sentence Correction

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Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center an
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

Doesn't it sound like
Supports a theory that black hole lies at center of milky way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

Is black hole lies at 2 -places? Center and Many billions galaxy blah blah blah????
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 09:46
2
1
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Wav and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

A. that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
B. that a black hole lies at the Milky Way’s center and
C. that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and
D. of a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and
E. of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 10:11
1
Hey
This question has already been discussed in detail here:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/recent-findi ... fl=similar
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 10:33
The correct parallelism is:

a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe

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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 11:02
souvonik2k wrote:
Hey
This question has already been discussed in detail here:

thanks for your remind. I just discovered the old post.
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 22:30
GMATNinja wrote:
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

We featured this thing in our latest YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning, but… well, you’ll have to sift through an hourlong video to find the explanation in there. So here’s the quicker, written version that you could print out and post on your office wall. Or, um… something.

Quote:
(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

“And” is our parallelism trigger, and it’s followed by the prepositional phrase “of many of the other…” So here’s what the parallelism looks like: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Does that actually make sense? Sure: “recent findings lend support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center… of many of the 100 billion other galaxies…” Let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and

If we do the same thing that we did in (A), we have problems.

The parallelism trigger “and” is followed by the noun “many of the 100 billion other galaxies.” I guess that’s parallel to the noun “the Milky Way’s center”?

So we’d have “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the Milky Way’s center and many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

That makes no sense. The “stem” – the part of the sentence that immediate precedes the parallel list – just doesn’t work with the second item in the list: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

So (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and

(C) has basically the same error as (B): “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Again, that “stem” – “recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at” – makes no sense with the second item in the list. We’d have: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that there is a black hole lying at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

(C) is gone, too.

Quote:
(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and

(D) basically has the same problem as (B) and (C). “And” is still followed by the same noun, “many of the 100 billion other galaxies. And that still doesn’t make any sense: “Recent findings lend strong support to the theory of a black hole lying at… many of the 100 billion other galaxies…”

Plus, I’m not sure that it makes a whole lot of sense to say “the theory of a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center.” The phrase “the theory of _____” works if you can summarize that theory as a single noun: “the theory of relativity” or “the theory of evolution”, for example. But “the theory of a black hole”? I’m not so sure about that. “… the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the galaxy…” makes much more sense.

And if you don’t buy anything I wrote in that last paragraph, that’s cool for now. The parallelism issue still wipes out (D).

Quote:
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of

So the parallelism is fine here, since it’s exactly the same as in (A). So what’s the only real difference between (A) and (E)? It’s that goofy difference between “the theory of a black hole that lies…” and “the theory that a black hole lies…” And the latter makes more sense.

If you picked (E), that’s not terrible. But given the choice, (A) is better.
Hi,

I did not get why B is wrong. My understanding below
Firstly, 'and' is used for parallelism
Secondly, the parallism happens between the two items

......theory THAT
1. black hole lies at the center of a milky way
2. Many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

Regards,
Ashish

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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Jul 2018, 20:26
Please edit choice C: there's a small typo - "an" used instead of "and"

Quote:
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center an

Originally posted by sandman13 on 20 Jul 2018, 04:06.
Last edited by sandman13 on 20 Jul 2018, 20:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2018, 12:14
sandman13 wrote:
Please edit choice C: there's a small type - "an" used instead of "and"

Quote:
(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center an

Fixed! Thank you, sandman13!
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Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2018, 09:04
Recent findings lend strong support to the theory that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.

(A) that a black hole lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
-> the parallelism begins after "the center". The whole meaning is the black hole is found to be at the center of the Milky Way and at the center of many other galaxies. -> CORRECT

(B) that a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center and
-> and "many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe" -> this misses an active verb. "Estimated" is a modifier. This phrase must be parallel to an independent clause "a black hole lies at the Milky Way's center", but it is not as it is an incomplete independent clause.

(C) that there is a black hole lying at the Milky Way’s center and
-> Similar issue to B

(D) of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and
-> theory of a black hole lying at the Milky Way's center and many of the 100 billion other galaxies estimated to exist in the universe.
I tempted on this answer too. However, I believe the "of" where the supposed parallelism should have begun must be carried over to the second parallel element - placed after "and". Also, the meaning of the sentence is changed. INCORRECT
(E) of a black hole that lies at the center of the Milky Way and of
-> Meaning change. Theory of a black hole. The original sentence was emphasizing about a theory that a black hole lies in the center of Milky way...
Re: QOTD: Recent findings lend strong support &nbs [#permalink] 19 Aug 2018, 09:04
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