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# QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer

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QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Mar 2018, 18:26
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Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

(A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both

OA --- D

I have a doubt here:

When we say,

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk....... , aren't we referring two people here ? So how is the answer D ?

Thanks

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Originally posted by guptasarthak611 on 01 Jul 2017, 09:35.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 23 Mar 2018, 18:26, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 09:47
guptasarthak611 wrote:
Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi(The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington , yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory .

A] Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

B] Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

C] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

E] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both

OA --- D

I have a doubt here:

When we say,

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk....... , aren't we referring two people here ? So how is the answer D ?

Thanks

Hi,
It is perfectly fine the way it is..
Jazz pianist and composer are noun Modifier modifying Thelonious Monk..
These are essential Appositive Modifier
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 10:02
chetan2u wrote:
guptasarthak611 wrote:
Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi(The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington , yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory .

A] Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

B] Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

C] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

E] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both

OA --- D

I have a doubt here:

When we say,

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk....... , aren't we referring two people here ? So how is the answer D ?

Thanks

Hi,
It is perfectly fine the way it is..
Jazz pianist and composer are noun Modifier modifying Thelonious Monk..
These are essential Appositive Modifier

But there has to be a comma (,) after composer to make both of them as a Noun modifier, isn't it ?
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 10:48
guptasarthak611 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
guptasarthak611 wrote:
Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi(The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington , yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory .

A] Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

B] Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

C] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

E] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both

OA --- D

I have a doubt here:

When we say,

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk....... , aren't we referring two people here ? So how is the answer D ?

Thanks

Hi,
It is perfectly fine the way it is..
Jazz pianist and composer are noun Modifier modifying Thelonious Monk..
These are essential Appositive Modifier

But there has to be a comma (,) after composer to make both of them as a Noun modifier, isn't it ?

My 2 cents:

The melodious and evergreen singer Lata Mangeshkar sang beautifully.

Here the phrase "The melodious and evergreen singer" is a noun phrase acting as a modifier, in a way like an adjective, to describe Lata Mangeshkar.

What you are referring to is an opening modifier. There are multiple ways to represent a modifier and your suggested method is one of them.

I read somewhere as written below(could be wrong)

The X and Y - Here X and Y are two qualities that describe one person

The X and the Y - Here we are referring to two individuals.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 15:30
Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi(The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington , yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory .

A] Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

B] Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

C] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

E] Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both

A.B and E are out because of "both", Both participial phrase "of" noun "and" noun, hence wrong parallelism
C what is "who" modifying Jazz pianist, comsposer or Thelonious monk. too much ambiguity.

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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 01:44

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 177: Sentence Correction

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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 02:43
1
between B and D.B would make more logical sense if 'both' is used after tradition of. what is the OA?

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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 03:06
1
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

Question yourself 'do we even need "Both"?' The sentence looks perfect without the 'both'. We have C and D without a 'both', of which C is a fragment and D looks perfect.

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory. The blue part is a single entity and using a 'both' after the verb 'rooted' would mean that the body of work is rooted in two entities, whereas we have a single entity in the blue part.

'Both' would have been appropriate if the sentence were- (hypothetical example)

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of both Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

For this one - D
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 03:19
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
This is not a parallel construction. Both rooted....and Duke .... incorrect

B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
This is not a parallel construction. Both in .... and Duke .... incorrect

C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
This is a fragment

D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct. No parallelism issue

E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Again same issue as in option A
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 04:08

Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted (Unparalleled "both-and")
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both (again there is issue with both..and)
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted (no main Verb)
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted (correct answer)
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both (Unparalleled "both-and")
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 08:48
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted - Uses both X and Y. Here X and Y are not parallel. Also, having "who was a jazz pianist and composer" within commas isn't correct
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both - as in A, using both is incorrect
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted - There is no verb for Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both - as in A, using both is incorrect

Hence D
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Dec 2017, 11:02
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2
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

CHOICE A: There is nothing technically incorrect with the first 9 words of this sentence, but in general, you should prioritize ACTION VERBS such as "produced" and "stood apart" to VERBS OF BEING / LINKING VERBS such as "was," because verbs of being can often be skipped altogether. For example, "I liked the house that was blue" is unnecessary; instead one should say "I liked the blue house." In addition, "jazz pianist and composer" is Monk's title, and as such should be placed immediately next to his name if possible. For example, "Architect Frank Gehry..." is a better sentence opener than "Frank Gehry, the architect, ..." Finally, we should note that the word "both" does not work here, despite the fact that two musicians are mentioned at the end of the sentence. See the explanation of Choice E for more information on this.

CHOICE B: This is better than Choice A because the "who was" is removed, but it has the same problem as does Choice A with regard to the unnecessary separation between the person ("Monk") and his title ("jazz pianist and composer"), as well as the "both" issue explained in the analysis of Choice E.

CHOICE C: This cannot be correct, because the use of the modifier "who," which takes its own verb ("produced") and thus removes the main verb from the first part of the sentence. For example, "My friend, who owns a coffeeshop, yet he still finds time to practice the drums." is incorrect because of the ", who ____ ." In addition, there is no need to put a comma between the main subject of the sentence ("Monk") and its verb ("produced").

CHOICE D: Correct! It properly addresses both the flaws of the Choice A (unnecessary comma between the person and his title, unnecessary verb of being) and is the best choice here, though the "that was" at the end is unnecessary.

CHOICE E: This is a decoy answer that is very close to working (it does improve on Choice D in the omission of "that was"), but if you use the expression "(adjective) both in A and (in) B," then the first part of the expression needs to carry over to the second. It doesn't make sense to write "a body of work rooted both in the stride piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington, yet..."--you can't be "rooted in Duke Ellington," because unlike the first example ("rooted in the stride piano tradition"), Duke Ellington is a person and not a musical style. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect. You could consider this to be an idiom, but you can also consider this to be a parallel structure error, or a faulty comparison. It's indicative of the "classification overlap" that makes categorizing GMAT questions into neat boxes so difficult.

For example (incorrect): "I am immersed in both the art of teaching math and English, yet I still have much to learn." Just because I wrote "math and English" doesn't mean that the "both" is correct. I am immersed in only one thing in this sentence--the art of teaching, whether or not that art consists of multiple elements (math and English). Hence I should remove the word "both" entirely, or put it before the word "math": "I am immersed in the art of teaching (both) math and English, yet I still have much to learn."

CORRECT VERSION: Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

PERFECT VERSION: Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.
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Originally posted by mcelroytutoring on 12 Dec 2017, 17:11.
Last edited by mcelroytutoring on 16 Dec 2017, 11:02, edited 10 times in total.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 22:38
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

Intended Meaning:
The sentence talks about work of Thelonious Monk
- He was a jazz pianist and a composer
- His work was rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington
- His work stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory

Here the construction Both (X and Y) is used incorrectly
- it would have been correct if used as
- tradition of both Willie Smith and Duke Ellington

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted -- no verb for subject Thelonious Monk
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2017, 08:55
+1 for D. Awaiting official explanation ....
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 05:52
Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted.

I get the meaning as -" Jazz Pianist along with composer Thelonious Monk produced something".
Just studied modifiers, I don't understand the explanation here.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 06:04
amitpandey25 wrote:
Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted.

I get the meaning as -" Jazz Pianist along with composer Thelonious Monk produced something".
Just studied modifiers, I don't understand the explanation here.

"Jazz Pianist along with composer Thelonious Monk" -- who do you assume is the 'Pianist' here ?

Meaning :
Thelonious Monk (the person) was a jazz pianist and a composer (by profession)

- His work was rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington
- His work stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory

Error : in A, B, E
construction of (Both X and Y) is used incorrectly
- it would have been correct if used as - "tradition of both Willie Smith and Duke Ellington"

Error in C
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted -- no verb for subject Thelonious Monk

Correct: D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 10:16
1
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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

CHOICE A: There is nothing technically incorrect with the first 9 words of this sentence, but in general, you should prioritize ACTION VERBS such as "produced" and "stood apart" to VERBS OF BEING / LINKING VERBS such as "was," because verbs of being can often be skipped altogether. For example, "I liked the house that was blue" is unnecessary; instead one should say "I liked the blue house." In addition, "jazz pianist and composer" is Monk's title, and as such should be placed immediately next to his name if possible. For example, "Architect Frank Gehry..." is a better sentence opener than "Frank Gehry, the architect, ..." Finally, we should note that the word "both" does not work here, despite the fact that two musicians are mentioned at the end of the sentence. See the explanation of Choice E for more information on this.

CHOICE B: This is better than Choice A because the "who was" is removed, but it has the same problem as does Choice A with regard to the unnecessary separation between the person ("Monk") and his title ("jazz pianist and composer"), as well as the "both" issue explained in the analysis of Choice E.

CHOICE C: This cannot be correct, because the use of the modifier "who," which takes its own verb ("produced") and thus removes the main verb from the first part of the sentence. For example, "My friend, who owns a coffeeshop, yet he still finds time to practice the drums." is incorrect because of the ", who ____ ." In addition, there is no need to put a comma between the main subject of the sentence ("Monk") and its verb ("produced").

CHOICE D: Correct! It properly addresses both the flaws of the Choice A (unnecessary comma between the person and his title, unnecessary verb of being) and is the best choice here, though the "that was" at the end is unnecessary.

CHOICE E: This is a decoy answer that is very close to working (it does improve on Choice D in the omission of "that was"), but if you use the expression "(adjective) both in A and (in) B," then the first part of the expression needs to carry over to the second. It doesn't make sense to write "a body of work rooted both in the stride piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington, yet..."--you can't be "rooted in Duke Ellington," because unlike the first example ("rooted in the stride piano tradition"), Duke Ellington is a person and not a musical style--this answer choice is incorrect. Thus, you could consider this to be a parallel structure error, or a faulty comparison.

For example (incorrect): "I am immersed in both the art of teaching math and English, yet I still have much to learn." Just because I wrote "math and English" doesn't mean that the "both" is correct. I am immersed in only one thing in this sentence--the art of teaching, whether or not that art consists of multiple elements (math and English). Hence I should remove the word "both" entirely, or put it before the word "math": "I am immersed in the art of teaching (both) math and English, yet I still have much to learn."

CORRECT VERSION: Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

PERFECT VERSION: Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 00:04
1
This is one of my favorites, just because I see a lot of errors on it – but it’s actually really straightforward, and is easy to solve if you follow a couple of simple rules. And that doesn’t happen as often as we’d like on GMAT SC, unfortunately.

Quote:
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

OK, the thing that should jump out at us is the word “both.” In this case, “both” is paired with the word “and” – and this is a very strict parallelism “trigger”. The word “both” and the word “and” must be followed by two parallel elements.

And in this case, we don’t have those parallel elements: “…both rooted… and Duke Ellington…” Nope: “rooted” is an adjective in this situation, and “Duke Ellington” definitely is not. So we can eliminate (A).

(And for anybody who was paying extremely close attention in our YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning: when I mentioned “special parallel triggers”, this both/and construction is one of the most important examples I had in mind.)

Quote:
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

I’m OK with the use of “that” here: “that was rooted” just modifies the “body of work.” You could probably argue that the words “that was” aren’t strictly necessary, but they also aren’t doing any harm at all.

The more important thing is the parallelism again: “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…”

Nope, that’s definitely not parallel, either. (B) is out.

Quote:
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

Hm, no more “both”! That’s cool. Now the parallelism isn’t a problem at all: Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington are parallel to each other in the non-underlined portion.

But now there’s a more subtle problem: this thing isn’t a legitimate sentence anymore, because the presumed subject of the sentence (“Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk”) never actually “performs” a main verb. I think we can agree that the part beginning with “who” is just modifying Thelonious Monk, so let’s strip that out for just a moment to see what we have: “Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk,… yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.”

Huh? That makes no sense. Basically, the sentence is structured as a noun, followed by a modifier, followed by a dependent clause. That’s not a sentence. So (C) is out.

Quote:
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

As in (C), we don’t have any parallelism issues here, since “both” has been removed. But unlike (C), (D) is actually a real sentence, since it starts with a nice, independent clause: “…Thelonious Monk produced a body of work…”

So let’s keep (D).

Quote:
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

And we’re right back to the same parallelism problem as in (B): “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…” That’s just plain wrong, and we’re left with (D) as the correct answer.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 09:05
Top Contributor
GMATNinja wrote:

Quote:
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

OK, the thing that should jump out at us is the word “both.” In this case, “both” is paired with the word “and” – and this is a very strict parallelism “trigger”. The word “both” and the word “and” must be followed by two parallel elements.

And in this case, we don’t have those parallel elements: “…both rooted… and Duke Ellington…” Nope: “rooted” is an adjective in this situation, and “Duke Ellington” definitely is not. So we can eliminate (A).

Great contribution, GMATNinja! A quick clarification, lest this be misinterpreted: the fact that "rooted" is an adjective and "Duke Ellington" is a noun is not the main problem with this question. In this particular case of the "both A and B" idiom, that is true (both A and B have to be the same parts of speech), but I want to clarify that this "part of speech" rule is not true in general, and that it's inextricably tied to the particular construction of the "both A and B" idiomatic expression.

You can be rooted in two nouns, or more generally (verb)ed in two nouns. For example, "my teaching is rooted in pedagogical theory and real-world experience," or (if you wish to incorporate the "both" idiom) "my teaching is both rooted in pedagogical theory and informed by real-world experience." In the first sentence, notice that both "theory" and "experience" are nouns; it's the "both" that creates this part of speech requirement, not some other rule of grammar. In fact, the first object of "rooted" in the correct answer (D) is "stride-piano tradition," which is also a noun!

The real problem is the precise placement of the word "both," and the fact that you can't be "rooted in Duke Ellington" (a person) in the same way that you can be "rooted in the stride-piano tradition" (a form of music). In the absence of the misplaced "both," It becomes an issue of parallelism and faulty comparison (apples and oranges), not a POS (part of speech) issue. Had the author written "...produced a body of work rooted in both the stride-piano tradition and the blues," for example, this sentence would be correct, despite the fact that "rooted" is an adjective and "the blues" is a noun.

I also raise this concern because doing a POS (part-of-speech) check is not enough--we must also consider meaning.
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2017, 16:23
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: QOTD: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer &nbs [#permalink] 19 Dec 2017, 16:23

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