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QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 191: Sentence Correction


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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

(A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both


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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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This is one of my favorites, just because I see a lot of errors on it – but it’s actually really straightforward, and is easy to solve if you follow a couple of simple rules. And that doesn’t happen as often as we’d like on GMAT SC, unfortunately.

Quote:
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

OK, the thing that should jump out at us is the word “both.” In this case, “both” is paired with the word “and” – and this is a very strict parallelism “trigger”. The word “both” and the word “and” must be followed by two parallel elements.

And in this case, we don’t have those parallel elements: “…both rooted… and Duke Ellington…” Nope: “rooted” is an adjective in this situation, and “Duke Ellington” definitely is not. So we can eliminate (A).

(And for anybody who was paying extremely close attention in our YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning: when I mentioned “special parallel triggers”, this both/and construction is one of the most important examples I had in mind.)

Quote:
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

I’m OK with the use of “that” here: “that was rooted” just modifies the “body of work.” You could probably argue that the words “that was” aren’t strictly necessary, but they also aren’t doing any harm at all.

The more important thing is the parallelism again: “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…”

Nope, that’s definitely not parallel, either. (B) is out.

Quote:
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

Hm, no more “both”! That’s cool. Now the parallelism isn’t a problem at all: Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington are parallel to each other in the non-underlined portion.

But now there’s a more subtle problem: this thing isn’t a legitimate sentence anymore, because the presumed subject of the sentence (“Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk”) never actually “performs” a main verb. I think we can agree that the part beginning with “who” is just modifying Thelonious Monk, so let’s strip that out for just a moment to see what we have: “Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk,… yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.”

Huh? That makes no sense. Basically, the sentence is structured as a noun, followed by a modifier, followed by a dependent clause. That’s not a sentence. So (C) is out.

Quote:
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

As in (C), we don’t have any parallelism issues here, since “both” has been removed. But unlike (C), (D) is actually a real sentence, since it starts with a nice, independent clause: “…Thelonious Monk produced a body of work…”

So let’s keep (D).

Quote:
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

And we’re right back to the same parallelism problem as in (B): “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…” That’s just plain wrong, and we’re left with (D) as the correct answer.
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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2018, 05:19
D as i think there is no need to use both here.

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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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B, I think. Also Tholonious typo spotted.

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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

(A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted:
USE OF 'BOTH' INCORRECT

(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both:
SAME ERROR AS A

(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted:
NO MAIN CLAUSE

(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted:
CORRECT

(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both:
SAME ERROR AS A

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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2018, 10:28
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 191: Sentence Correction


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Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in stride-piano tradition of Willi (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

(A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted (, Rooted both is correct but in Both X and Y, X and Y is not parallel stride -piano tradition is not parallel to Duke Ellington)

(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both ( Same error as explained for option A)

(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted (verb missing for Thelonous Monk)

(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted (correct S V and removal of both and addition of that with verb was)

(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body work rooted both ( again same error of both X and Y)


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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 16:48
ferozbaker97 wrote:
B, I think. Also Tholonious typo spotted.

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Thank you for catching the Tholonious typo, ferozbaker97! It's fixed now. And welcome to GMAT Club!
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Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
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"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning | Simplifying GMAT verb tenses | Comparisons, part I |
November webinar schedule

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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2018, 16:48
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