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When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted

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When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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A
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C
D
E

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When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(A) When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(B) Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote.

(C) When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it .

(D) A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention.

(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by sallysea on 25 Aug 2017, 00:36, edited 7 times in total.
Added OA.

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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huoguo wrote:
When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included n it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.


a When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included n it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

b. Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote.

c. When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it .

d. A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention.

e. When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.



could you explain why the answer is ( )?


E for direct and active. could be C but didnot like passive and "had been".

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When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(A) When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(B) Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote.

(C) When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it.

(D) A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton's draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention.

(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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IMO E

micky577 wrote:
When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(A) When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.
(B) Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote. (passive)
(C) When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it. (passive)
(D) A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton's draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention.
(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.


It is a close call b/w C and E; however C is passive and the use of "had" is wrong. For active it should be subject + object rather than object + subject.

In C you have object (decleration) followed by subhect (Elizabeth)

E is correct

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2011, 20:02
Isn't there a pronoun problem in E? Does the pronoun "it" refer to the draft or the convention?

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2011, 22:26
+1 for E.

I don't like the question. Is it "Convention" or "Conventions" ?

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2011, 09:16
E is the most direct, but I definitely agree with the problem of "it" that can be resolved if OP clarifies about convention vs conventions.
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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2011, 12:59
Is E not run on sentence. Or it is not because of usage of "when" in first sentence.
I removed E for above reason along with "it" issue.
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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2012, 11:21
OA is E

I encounter the same problem today on GMAT prep and the answer is E
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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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Hi All,

When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

Image

The way this sentence is written the meaning is not very clear. So let us decipher the meaning first. We get some information from this sentence. Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the DoS. She included in it a call for female enfranchisement. This DoS was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848.

Image

Error Analysis:

1. Modifier “When drafting …” is ambiguous in its role. We don’t know what it is modifying.
2. This sentence needs to be written in a way so that the meaning is easy to comprehend.

POE:

Choice A: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included n it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement. Incorrect for the reason stated above.

Choice B: Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote. Incorrect.
1. The opening modifier is illogically modifying “a draft”. The draft did not do the action of including the call.
2. This choice fails to say that who included the call for women enfranchisement in the DoS.

Choice C: When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it. Incorrect. This choice fails to say who included the call in the DoS.

Choice D: A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention. Incorrect. This choice lacks a main verb and hence is a fragment.

Choice E: When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement. Correct. All the information is clearly given in this choice.

PS- Pronoun “it” clearly refers to DoS because the sentence clearly says that Stanton drafted the DoS, and when she drafted it, she included in “it” (DoS) the call for women enfranchisement.

Hope this helps.
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Best Practice 2 – Communicate “All” Aspects of Meaning of Original Choice



Continuing our “Best Practices for SC” series, this week I will present a very vital best practice – Always make sure that the correct choice communicates “all” logical information presented by the original choice.

Before I begin, I want to make sure that the readers of this article recognize the importance of understanding meaning of the original sentence. If you have any doubts regarding this aspect, then I suggest you view this session in which I go over this most important aspect of Sentence Correction section.

Coming back to this article - in this article we will take a look at an official question and see how the test makers may create an incorrect answer choice by removing key piece of information that the author wants to communicate. And how do you know what it is that the author wants to communicate – you read and comprehend the original choice. So apart from checking for logical meaning and grammatical correctness, you must also ensure that all the logical information present in the original choice is communicated by the correct answer. So let’s read on :)

Quote:
When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(A) When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included n it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

(B) Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote.

(C) When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it .

(D) A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention.

(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.


STEP 1 - UNDERSTAND THE MEANING OF CHOICE A

The first thing I will do is read the entire sentence slowly to grasp the intent of the author. After all I need to first understand what the author is trying to tell me through this sentence.

When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.

When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments – Ok the author wants to tell me something about that someone who drafted the DoS.
• I read along – that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Right Convention in 1848. Ok. So the DoS was adopted at this specific convention in the year 1848.
• Reading along, I see – included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton – the author of this DoS is Elizabeth. And she included something in this DoS.
was a call for female enfranchisement – So she included this call for female enfranchisement in the DoS.

So if I were to put the entire sentence together in my mind, I would say that the sentence talks about a document called Declaration of Sentiments (DoS). There is information about when it was adopted, where it was adopted, and who wrote it. We also know that when the author drafted this document, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.

With this understanding we will now review the sentence once again but this time we will be looking specifically for grammatical errors.

STEP 2 – IDENTIFY THE ERRORS IN CHOICE A

When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848, included in it by the author, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was a call for female enfranchisement.
This sentence begins with an expression “when drafting DoS”. This expression appears to talk about the person who drafted the DoS. We know this is Elizabeth. So this expression logically modifies Elizabeth. But grammatically Elizabeth is not placed close to this modifier for this modification to take place. Thus, this sentence has modifier error.

Other than the modifier error, the sentence is written in grammatically correct form, and as we discussed earlier, it presents logical information.

Now with this understanding of meaning and errors in the original sentence, we will review the answer choices one by one and find the correct answer.

STEP 3 – FIND THE CORRECT CHOICE FROM THE ANSWER CHOICES

Choice B: Including a call for female enfranchisement, a draft of the Declaration of Sentiments was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Conventions in 1848 that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote.

This choice is incorrect. Why? Notice the opening modifier “including a call for…” It non-sensically modifies “a draft”. Clearly the draft did not include this mentioned call. Furthermore, notice the modified entity of modifier “that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote” is not clear. It is not at all clear what this modifier modifies. In other words we know that this should modify the DoS, but it is placed next to 1848, illogically modifying this closest noun.
Now let’s move to choice C.

Choice C: When the Declaration of Sentiments drafted by Elizabeth Cady Stanton was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, a call for female enfranchisement had been included in it.

After first read, I can see that this choice corrects the modifier error in choice A. But when I read this choice again, I find that it misses to mention one very important point. Who included the call in the DoS? Notice how the verb “had been included” is now written in passive voice and the person who did this action is no longer mentioned explicitly in this choice. So for all we know, someone other than Elizabeth may have included this “call”. May be Elizabeth drafted the DoS, had it reviewed by someone, and this person included this call in it and then later this DoS was adopted at the convention. So this choice is wrong because it does not convey the complete meaning as communicated by the original sentence – more specifically it does not state that Elizabeth included the call. So it is very important to read and comprehend the entire sentence before moving to the answer choices. Otherwise, there is a high likelihood of marking the first seemingly ‘correct’ answer choice.

Now let’s look at choice D.

Choice D: A call for female enfranchisement, included in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s draft of the Declaration of Sentiments in 1848, that was adopted by the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention.

This choice is incorrect because there is no main verb in the sentence. The subject “call” does not have any verb. This brings us to choice E, which better be written correctly since we have rejected all other choices :)

Choice E: When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.

This choice is absolutely correct. It is written in grammatically correct form and includes all pertinent information as intended by the author of choice A. Notice how the sentence explicitly mentions that Elizabeth included the call in the DoS.

So Choice E is the correct answer. Now let’s take a look at the key takeaways from this official question.

Image
Here are the key things to keep in mind when you solve SC questions.
Image
In fact “changing the voice” is one of the strategies used by the test makers to change the meaning of the sentence. For more information, read Strategy # 4 in the article that covers 5 strategies GMAC uses to change meaning of the sentence.
Now you are ready to apply your skills on the following exercise question. Keep in mind the takeaways as you answer this question. Good luck :)

EXERCISE QUESTION

Although Google has launched ‘unchic’ glasses with a computer processor, a battery, and a tiny screen to provide Internet access through wearable technology, it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing more fashionable frames.
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing
B. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached so that it can design
C. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to design
D. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached to design
E. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it design

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Although Google has launched ‘unchic’ glasses with a computer processor, a battery, and a tiny screen to provide Internet access through wearable technology, it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing more fashionable frames.
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing - second 'it' is ambiguous, 'help for designing' - is incorrect usage.
B. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached so that it can design - Passive voices ignores who approached WP
C. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to design - There is a subtle change in intended meaning.The reason for approaching WP has been changed from 'helping design' to 'designing'.
D. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached to design - Passive voices ignores who approached WP
E. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it design - Correct Answer

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2013, 16:10
Could you please explain why the use of "it" in choice E is not ambiguous?

get2aditya wrote:
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing - second 'it' is ambiguous, 'help for designing' - is incorrect usage.
E. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it design - Correct Answer

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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egmat wrote:

Best Practice 2 – Communicate “All” Aspects of Meaning of Original Choice



Although Google has launched ‘unchic’ glasses with a computer processor, a battery, and a tiny screen to provide Internet access through wearable technology, it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing more fashionable frames.
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing
B. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached so that it can design
C. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to design
D. Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, has been approached to design
E. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it design


Meaning :- The sentence provides information about a contrast for Google that Google although has launched eyeglasses with the intention of providing internet access through some technology, it has approached another company to help design frames.

Error Analysis :- 'for designing' is not the correct phrase to use in the given context

Option A :- Explained
Option B :- The option changes the meaning, the contrast about Google is no longer valid, the IC no longer provides any information about Google. The sentence with this option provides information of 2 unrelated facts.
Option C :- This option changes the meaning of the sentence, the original sentence states that Google approached another company to help Google design frames, per this option Google approached other company to design frames.
Option D :- This option is similar to option B and provides information of 2 unrelated facts.
Option E :- Correct

IMO :- E

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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sumeetkarora wrote:
Could you please explain why the use of "it" in choice E is not ambiguous?

get2aditya wrote:
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing - second 'it' is ambiguous, 'help for designing' - is incorrect usage.
E. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it design - Correct Answer


E. "it" gramatically can refer to Warby Parker and to Google but logically can refer only to Google. A bit confusing, but I believe this is why e-gmat chose this question. You would need to understand the meaning first to determine that "it" logically cannot refer to "Warby Parker" (although gramatically it can). "Google produced "unchic" glasses" implies that it will be seeking someone else's help (aka. W. Parker's) to design the better glasses. It doesn't make sense to say "it" (Google) has approached W. Parker to help "it" (W. Parker) design better frames.

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2013, 20:23
stoy4o wrote:

E. "it" gramatically can refer to Warby Parker and to Google but logically can refer only to Google. A bit confusing, but I believe this is why e-gmat chose this question. You would need to understand the meaning first to determine that "it" logically cannot refer to "Warby Parker" (although gramatically it can). "Google produced "unchic" glasses" implies that it will be seeking someone else's help (aka. W. Parker's) to design the better glasses. It doesn't make sense to say "it" (Google) has approached W. Parker to help "it" (W. Parker) design better frames.


Perfect explanation @stoy4o! You are using logic to guide you. Very good.
Another thing here is that first occurrence of "it" refers to Google. So if logic allows, then the second occurrence will have more propensity to refer to Google.

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New post 25 Feb 2013, 20:25
Dinesh2Apr wrote:
Option C :- This option changes the meaning of the sentence, the original sentence states that Google approached another company to help Google design frames, per this option Google approached other company to design frames.
Option E :- Correct

IMO :- E

Perfect explanation for choice C. You nailed it! When I see such precise explanations, it brings a big smile on my face :)

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2013, 20:26
get2aditya wrote:
Although Google has launched ‘unchic’ glasses with a computer processor, a battery, and a tiny screen to provide Internet access through wearable technology, it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing more fashionable frames.
A. it has approached Warby Parker, an e-commerce eyeglass company, to help it for designing - second 'it' is ambiguous, 'help for designing' - is incorrect usage.


Very good treatment Aditya. Just one small question - why do you think second "it" is ambiguous. What could it refer to, and will that reference make sense per the context of the sentence?

- Payal
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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2013, 01:26
(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.
Hi payal
Clause 1 When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments
Clause 2 that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848
Clause 3 she included in it a call for female enfranchisement
Clause 3 is an independent clause , whereas Clause 1 and 2 are dependent clauses....hence the structure is Dependent clause 1, Dependent clause 2, Independent clause

Am i correct in my analysis

Archit

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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2013, 00:21
Archit143 wrote:
(E) When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, she included in it a call for female enfranchisement.
Hi payal
Clause 1 When Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted the Declaration of Sentiments
Clause 2 that was adopted at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848
Clause 3 she included in it a call for female enfranchisement
Clause 3 is an independent clause , whereas Clause 1 and 2 are dependent clauses....hence the structure is Dependent clause 1, Dependent clause 2, Independent clause

Am i correct in my analysis

Archit


Yes Archit, your sentence structure analysis for choice E is correct. The only minor correction is that clause 1 and clause 2 are not connected using comma. Notice that clause 2 begins with "that" and hence comma should not be used to connect it to the preceding clause.
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Re: When drafting the Declaration of Sentiments that was adopted   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2013, 00:21

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