It is currently 20 Nov 2017, 23:45

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Rather than vs Instead of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 315

Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 4

Location: Washington DC
Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2009, 21:59
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (00:11) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 26 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Hi Folks,
Recently I encountered a problem with using between Rather than vs instead of(problem from OG and I hit snag in one of the MGMAT test). So can anyone explain the difference in usage between -
Instead of
Rather than

What I am looking is kinda more subtle difference, when you can use instead of and when you can use rather than.

Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 4

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 314

Kudos [?]: 396 [3], given: 9

Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2009, 00:44
3
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
IMO in GMAT rather than is normally preferred. However there should be another reason in the answer choices to solve the problem. In other words the difference between rather than and instead of is not the main issue in the problem and you should be able to find other errors in the answer choices that make you pick the correct answer.

Regarding the difference between both idioms this is what I have in my notes.

Rather than can be follow by clauses whereas instead of should be only follow by nouns. According to this rule you could say

I live [in the mountains] rather than [in the city] correct
I live [in the mountains] instead of [in the city] Incorrect in the city is not a noun but rather a prepositional phrase

I think this is how GMAT treats the differences between these idioms. Other authorities say that you can use instead of with clauses. Perhaps an expert can bring some light on this issue

Kudos [?]: 396 [3], given: 9

Director
Joined: 03 Jun 2009
Posts: 782

Kudos [?]: 919 [3], given: 56

Location: New Delhi
WE 1: 5.5 yrs in IT
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2009, 03:38
3
This post received
KUDOS
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Rather than shows a judgment. One choice is preferred over the other. It is better somehow.
Instead of merely expresses a replacement of one thing for another.

Example:
I would rather have ice cream than apple pie because I like ice cream better.
But if there weren't very much ice cream left, and I wanted to save some for tomorrow, I might have apple pie instead of ice cream tonight.
_________________

Kudos [?]: 919 [3], given: 56

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2009
Posts: 302

Kudos [?]: 597 [2], given: 22

Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2009, 04:13
2
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS. THIS IS WHAT IN GMAT I HAVE SEEN SO FAR. THE NORMAL ENGLISH USUAGE IS DIFFERENT. BUT NO DEFINITE HARD RULE, PLEASE POST THE SENTENCE , IT WOULD BE HELPFUL.

Kudos [?]: 597 [2], given: 22

Manager
Affiliations: CFA L3 Candidate, Grad w/ Highest Honors
Joined: 03 Nov 2007
Posts: 131

Kudos [?]: 140 [1], given: 9

Location: USA
Schools: Chicago Booth R2 (WL), Wharton R2 w/ int, Kellogg R2 w/ int
WE 1: Global Operations (Futures & Portfolio Financing) - Hedge Fund (\$10bn+ Multi-Strat)
WE 2: Investment Analyst (Credit strategies) - Fund of Hedge Fund (\$10bn+ Multi-Strat)
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Oct 2009, 14:30
1
This post received
KUDOS
In commercial garment construction, one advantage of serging over single-needle sewing is that the seam allowance is overcast as the seam is sewn instead of a separate process requiring deeper seam allowances.

A. instead of
B. rather than in
C. in contrast with
D. as opposed to
E. as against being done in

[Reveal] Spoiler: Answer
B. rather than in

Kudos [?]: 140 [1], given: 9

Intern
Status: keep walking. ...re-taking ..
Joined: 23 Apr 2012
Posts: 35

Kudos [?]: 25 [2], given: 2

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.76
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2012, 10:36
2
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Rather than - shows preference. This expression is generally used in 'parallel' structures. e.g - with two nouns, adjectives, adverbs, infinitives or -ing forms.

e.g

1). We ought to invest in shares rather than Gold.
2). I prefer starting early rather than leaving things to the last minute.

When the main clause has a to - infinitive, rather than is usually followed by an infinitive without to or -ing form.

e.g - They have elected to write rather than phone/phoning.

Instead of - suggests that one person, thing or action replaces another. Instead is not used alone as a preposition; we use the two words instead of.
Instead of is not usually followed by an infinitive.

e.g

1). I'll have tea instead of coffee, please.
2). I stayed in bed all day instead of going to work.
3). Amit was invited to the reception, but he was ill, so Akash went instead of him.

Note - Instead (without of) is an adverb. It begins or ends a clause usually.

e.g - She didn't go to Greece after all. Instead , she went to America.

NOTE :
Usage --- instead of + noun phrase. Instead of is only a preposition and can introduce only a phrase i.e no verb
Usage --- rather than + verb (or) rather than + noun. Further rather than can act as a preposition and can introduce a prepositional phrase or can act as a conjunction and introduce a clause .....

P.S. I took idea from another forum post
_________________

Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go. ... T.S. Eliot

Kudos [?]: 25 [2], given: 2

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 798

Kudos [?]: 847 [7], given: 5

Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2012, 12:30
7
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
robertrdzak wrote:
In commercial garment construction, one advantage of serging over single-needle sewing is that the seam allowance is overcast as the seam is sewn instead of a separate process requiring deeper seam allowances.

A. instead of
B. rather than in
C. in contrast with
D. as opposed to
E. as against being done in

[Reveal] Spoiler: Answer
B. rather than in

Another reason why correct GMAT answers use "rather than" over "instead of" is the ability to use a preposition after "than" where you can't add a preposition after "of". You see in the example above you need that preposition "in" before "a separate process..." to maintain parallelism and proper meaning - "as the seam is sewn....in a separate process". Answer choice B correctly uses that construction.

The issue above along with the meaning points cited earlier explain why the GMAT has a strong, strong preference towards "rather than" on SC.

KW
_________________

Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile

Kudos [?]: 847 [7], given: 5

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10128

Kudos [?]: 270 [1], given: 0

Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 12:04
1
This post received
KUDOS
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [1], given: 0

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10128

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2015, 13:05
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
Posts: 98

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 9

Location: India
Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jul 2016, 00:41
The first "IN" in this sentence is placed too far away, at the very beginning of the sentence. To maintain parallelism we have to use a answer choice with "in".

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 9

VP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1107

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 1056

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jul 2017, 12:44
I have a question, rather than + V. The verb here can be used in different tense from the V in the main clause?
Rather than ACCEPT the throne, Lord Buddha WENT toward the path of complete awareness...
This is a correct sentence even though verbs are used in a different tense.

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 1056

Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 24

Location: India
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jul 2017, 18:17
"Instead of" acts as a preposition

Which means that "Instead of" is usually followed by a Noun or a Noun phrase.

Usage : instead of + noun phrase. Instead of is only a preposition and can introduce only a phrase i.e no verb

"Instead" on the other hand is an adverb and usually starts or ends a clause.

"Rather than" can act as:
1] Preposition : hence can be followed by a prepositional phrase.
2] Conjunction: hence can be followed by a clause

Usage : "rather than + verb" or "rather than + noun" .

IMO, this might be the reason that GMAT prefers "rather than".

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 24

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8178 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2017, 00:39
Top Contributor
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
1. 'Instead of, which means 'in the place of' is a prepositional phrase and hence, what follows must be a noun or noun phrase only. Therefore we can use 'instead of' only when we choose between two nouns.
On the contrary, rather than is a conjunction and hence could be used to compare both nouns and verbs.
As far as GMAT is concerned, it has a preference for 'rather than' since it is more broad-based and that is more likely to be parallel.
Although structurally both are different, it is doubtful whether there is any difference in meaning.
Except for one or two, it is difficult to see 'instead of'
as the correct answer in GMAT.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8178 [0], given: 364

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 742

Kudos [?]: 322 [0], given: 12

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Rather than vs Instead of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2017, 04:28
As has been suggested by various posters above, rather than shows comparative preference, while instead of means in place of someone or something.

Grammatically, rather than is more flexible than instead of and can be followed by verbs, adjectives, prepositional phrase, infinitive phase and even nouns/gerunds.

Also, it's handy to note that instead and instead of are fundamentally different: instead should be followed by a clause (since instead is an adverb) whereas instead of should be followed by a noun (since instead of is a preposition)

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Instead of Vs Rather than, its application and examples in significant detail. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
Attachments

Instead of Vs Rather than.pdf [16.49 KiB]
Downloaded 61 times

 To download please login or register as a user

_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 322 [0], given: 12

Re: Rather than vs Instead of   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2017, 04:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Rather than vs Instead of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.