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Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters

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Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.


A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.

C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.

D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.



Spoiler: :: My Solution
So the way it's structured right now, the modifier is incorrectly placed (as many of you have noticed). It's not the "fight over the speed limit" that's meddlesome or a conserver of life and energy, it's the speed limit itself. We need to find the answer choice that correctly attaches the modifier ("Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy") to its correct noun ("speed limit"). This way, we can eliminate A for sure. D is also wrong because of the same reason: incorrectly placed modifier.

C is wrong because there's no parallelism between "ineffective meddling" (verb) and "the conservation of life and energy" (noun). Also, the use of "the" in bold is unnecessary. "The" suggests that the speed limit is "the one and only" (to quote a song Very Happy) saver of energy and life, which is obviously not the case - I can think of a million other things that can save more lives and energy Smile

Now, you guys have successfully narrowed it down to B and E... E is better here because of the use of the passive voice in B. In general, you should avoid the passive voice in the GMAT, because it's considered wordy. "To be fought over" is also pretty vague - who fights over it? The official explanation also cites "a pile-up of prepositions" in "to be fought over in".

Originally posted by immaculatesahai on 01 Nov 2011, 01:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Mar 2019, 00:00, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2012, 23:55
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The key to this question is deciding whether Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy is modifying speed limit or fight over the speed limit.

I am of the opinion that the aforesaid modifier is modifying speed limit. (Or else, it would mean that the fight over speed limit is a conserver of life and energy. This doesn't make much sense to me.)

Consequently, A and D are ruled out because of the misplaced modifier.

Option C has ineffective meddling as its bane. (Meddling is not ineffective, having a speed limit is. Ineffective wrongly modifies meddling)

B eliminates the modifier error correctly, but its construction of continues to be fought over in our legislatures is awkward.

E is the best choice. It correctly uses a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy as an appositive for speed limit and the core of the sentence - The fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. is loud and clear in its delivery.
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2012, 10:16
Can someone please explain - what exactly is the problem with option D ?

Quote:
The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2012, 03:17
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anshunadir wrote:
Can someone please explain - what exactly is the problem with option D ?

Quote:
The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.


Hii anshunadir,
Note that in D, the modifier "regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy" incorrectly points to "the fight over the speed limit". Now you may argue that in E also the modifier is modifying "the fight over the speed limit". No! its not. Here we have used an appositive "a measure" which clearly tells what "fight over speed limit" is.
Hope that helps.
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2014, 14:19
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immaculatesahai wrote:
Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.


In the correct answer, we have "Regarded by opponents as ineffective... and by supporters as a conserver.." Can someone explain why "Regarded by opponents as ADJECTIVE and by supporters as NOUN" is appropriate? Why do these not have to be parallel?
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2015, 18:06
D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

This one's good. I basically boiled it down to D & E above. In D, "regarded" modifies "speed limit" instead of "the fight over" the speed limit. In E, adding "a measure" clarifies what "regarded by" is referring to. Proximity of the modified noun is important. The answer is (E).
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2015, 20:59
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A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
As explained, it is not the fight that is regarded as ineffective/meddlesome/conserver of life and energy - eliminated

B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
hold, although passive voice makes it wordy, and it is not clear who fights over...

C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
changes meaning - ineffective meddling (adverb that is modifying the adjective) is not the same as ineffective and meddlesome (2 adjectives)
as in B, to be fought over is suspicious. Passive voice makes the sentence unnecessary wordy.

D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
over the speed limit is a prepositional phrase, the head of the prepositional phrase is the fight. The fight is regarded...this has the same modifier/meaning error as in A.

E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.
same prepositional phrase as in D, but wait! noun+noun modifier!!! a measure clearly refers to speed limit. Active voice..looks way better than any other choices.
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Re: #Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2015, 09:07
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A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. --- What is regarded? The speed limit is regarded, not the fight—wrong modification

B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways. ---The modification is ok, but what continues to be fought? It is not the speed limit but the fight. So out.

C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways. – 1.same error as in B;2. in addition conservation is wrong diction. It should be ‘conserver’. 3. Ineffective and meddlesome and not ineffective meddling. This choice is nowhere near a contender

D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. --; The question is: What does the ed-participle ‘regarded’ modify. Must be the speed limit. But the speed limit does not continue in our legislatures. Some unclear meaning here.
E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. – The confusion is sorted out by the appositive modifier a measure, which clearly stands for the speed limit; The fight with an appropriate verb ‘continues’ sets the picture in the right perspective. The best choice

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Re: #Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 01:13
souvik101990 wrote:
Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.


can someone explain the sentence by its meaning.
I believe fight over speed limit is ineffective not that speed limit is ineffective.
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Re: #Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 01:58
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The Govt has brought in a speed limit for driving on the fast highways (called freeways because these driveways have fewer hindrances such as speed breaks and signals and allow an unhindered drive for long stretches. The supporters are arguing that the speed limit is a conserver of life and energy; the opponents are saying that such a speed limit as an ineffective and meddlesome step.

This feud is carried between the supporting and opposing MPS and MLAs through debates in the legislatures and between aggressive drivers and passive drivers on the freeways
The essence of the argument is that whether a freeway should be riddled with a cap on the speed limit, which is antithetical to its name that it is a restriction - free drive.
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Re: #Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 10:58
Hi,

I think 'D' and 'E' are equally correct.
In 'D' , " regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy " modifies speed limit. I don't think there should be any doubt about that one as 'verb-ed' modifies preceding noun and speed limit totally qualifies.
Use of noun + noun modifier ,' a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy', seems to be unnecessary.
Tough call between 'D' and 'E'.

souvik101990 waiting for official explanation.

Thanks!
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Re: #Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 14:19
Not always, I suppose. In some circumstances, an ed - modifier may not modify the noun in front. Look at the following sentence.
The Brazilians watched their team losing 7 -1 to Germans, dismayed by their players’ ineptitude.
Here the past participle 'dismayed' modifies the subject name the Brazilians aptly rather than Germans.
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#Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2015, 00:31
daagh wrote:
Not always, I suppose. In some circumstances, an ed - modifier may not modify the noun in front. Look at the following sentence.
The Brazilians watched their team losing 7 -1 to Germans, dismayed by their players’ ineptitude.
Here the past participle 'dismayed' modifies the subject name the Brazilians aptly rather than Germans.


Hi daagh,

In that case, wouldn't following be the right way to write it.
Dismayed by their players’ ineptitude, the Brazilians watched their team losing 7 -1 to Germans.

What I'm trying to say is that in the given question, we have eligible noun 'speed limit' just before Verb-ed modifier " regarded by opponents as..." . Why would I think otherwise ? I'm sure there has to be a better explanation.

Thanks!
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#Top150 SC: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2015, 01:19
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Well; please look into this solid GMAT OG question (Diabetes, Together With its Serious Complications: OG13- Q6)

Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

The text uses - third leading cause of death, surpassed only - Now what is ‘surpassed’ modifying. There is a solid noun in front as ‘death’ and would it be correct to say that death is surpassed only by heart disease and cancer?

The next eligible noun is ‘the leading cause’ and therefore, that is the one ‘surpassed’ is modifying.

The OA is A, and the OE given by OG does not even touch about this point. Can you see how context is trumping over convention
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 04:48
Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

the fight over the speed limit - is NOT the agenda here.

B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.
D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

'speed limit' is NOT regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome

E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways.

'speed limit' as a measure - is regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome

E correct.
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 13:43
A. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the fight over the speed limit continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. - The fight is not regarded as anything by the opponents or the supporters. Incorrect
B. Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways. The speed limit itself is not regarded as ineffective and meddlesome, or as a conserver of life and energy. Incorrect
C. Regarded by opponents as ineffective meddling and by supporters as the conservation of life and energy, the speed limit continues to be fought over in our legislatures and on our freeways.The speed limit is not regarded as ineffective meddling. Incorrect
D. The fight over the speed limit, regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. The speed limit itself is not regarded as ineffective and meddlesome, or as a conserver of life and energy. Incorrect
E. The fight over the speed limit, a measure regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters as a conserver of life and energy, continues in our legislatures and on our freeways. The speed limit and the fight over it is reffered as a "measure" Correct
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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters  [#permalink]

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Re: Regarded by opponents as ineffective and meddlesome and by supporters   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2019, 23:21
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