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# Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that

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Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 02:00
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence tests two modifiers. First, "only" correctly modifies "when"
Rousseau believed "man is good." Second, "that" is incorrectly used to introduce
a non-essential modifier. "That" is used only with essential modifiers and is not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is used when
introducing non-essential modifiers and these modifiers are separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma.
• (A) The sentence is incorrect because it repeats the original answer.
• (B) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
that man is the "only" good creature in a certain circumstance. In addition,
"that" should only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in
this case.
• (C) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
the "only" circumstance in which "man is corrupted." In addition, "that" should
only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in this case.
• (D) This answer corrects the second modifier by changing "that" to "which," the
appropriate start to a non-essential modifier. However, the new placement of
the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the meaning of the sentence. The
original sentence indicated the "only" circumstance in which "man is good."
This answer choice, however, indicates that man is the "only" good creature in
a certain circumstance.
• (E) CORRECT. This choice keeps the original (and correct) placement of the
adverb "only" and also corrects the "that vs. which" modifier mistake by
replacing "that" with "which," the appropriate relative pronoun to employ to
start a non-essential modifier.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 06:38
1
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that - seems ok. keep it,
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that - only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that - only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which -only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which - seems ok. hold it.

A & E both seems ok. now evaluate A vs E.
in option E, which is used, Which is used to signify that further information is not mandatory required. here, Which details the way man is getting corrupted. Which is perfectly used.
That is not required, given information after that is extra information and no need to use that.

E seems to be best fit.
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 07:23
2
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Expert's post
souvik101990 wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA - In a while!

ans E..
reason 'that' usually is not preceded by comma... only d and e are left
in D placement of 'only' changes meaning.. only E left
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 11:56
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I definitely agree with chetan2u; usage of that in A, B, and C is wrong. Between D and E, E is the best choice.
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2015, 07:01
1
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321kumarsushant wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that - seems ok. keep it,
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that - only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that - only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which -only is misplaced. changing meaning. Eliminate
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which - seems ok. hold it.

A & E both seems ok. now evaluate A vs E.
in option E, which is used, Which is used to signify that further information is not mandatory required. here, Which details the way man is getting corrupted. Which is perfectly used.
That is not required, given information after that is extra information and no need to use that.

E seems to be best fit.

me too A vs E. but my answer is A because the information provided after comma is not extra info, i think of as a conclusion part which is as important as the description before. So THAT is necessary.
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 23:34
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Between A and , E fits the bill as it clarifies the meaning
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 00:02
1
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chetan2u I agree on with u on the use of comma in 'that' clause. As 'that' is used as an essential modifier, it should not be preceeded with a comma; However, I'm not sure about use of comma in which. Can 'which' be used without a comma before it? Any info on this would be appreciated.

Thanks!
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 00:34
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Expert's post
sytabish wrote:
chetan2u I agree on with u on the use of comma in 'that' clause. As 'that' is used as an essential modifier, it should not be preceeded with a comma; However, I'm not sure about use of comma in which. Can 'which' be used without a comma before it? Any info on this would be appreciated.

Thanks!

hi styabish,
which has to be preceded by comma...
only place where it is not... 'in which'
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 00:58
1
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

B,C,D has misplaced only changing the meaning o the original sentence .
A contains that which seems to modify the entire clause . -- Which is properly introduced to modify society
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2015, 04:31
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We need "which" in this case as the preceding part of the clause can stand alone --> Answer "E"

However, this is not a good GMAT question, as the GMAT would never ask you to choose between two answer choices solely based on which vs that.
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 04:35
Hi Souvik,

I have a very stupid query on the usage of"which"..

My understanding is that "which" modifies the word immediately before the ","

For example :-

The war of 1903, which .....

In this "which" modifies < 1903 > . Kindly correct me in case i am wrong
Apologies for such a basic query

Regards,
Abhishek

souvik101990 wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence tests two modifiers. First, "only" correctly modifies "when"
Rousseau believed "man is good." Second, "that" is incorrectly used to introduce
a non-essential modifier. "That" is used only with essential modifiers and is not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is used when
introducing non-essential modifiers and these modifiers are separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma.
• (A) The sentence is incorrect because it repeats the original answer.
• (B) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
that man is the "only" good creature in a certain circumstance. In addition,
"that" should only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in
this case.
• (C) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
the "only" circumstance in which "man is corrupted." In addition, "that" should
only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in this case.
• (D) This answer corrects the second modifier by changing "that" to "which," the
appropriate start to a non-essential modifier. However, the new placement of
the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the meaning of the sentence. The
original sentence indicated the "only" circumstance in which "man is good."
This answer choice, however, indicates that man is the "only" good creature in
a certain circumstance.
• (E) CORRECT. This choice keeps the original (and correct) placement of the
adverb "only" and also corrects the "that vs. which" modifier mistake by
replacing "that" with "which," the appropriate relative pronoun to employ to
start a non-essential modifier.
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Posts: 5660
Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 05:09
abhishek03050 wrote:
Hi Souvik,

I have a very stupid query on the usage of"which"..

My understanding is that "which" modifies the word immediately before the ","

For example :-

The war of 1903, which .....

In this "which" modifies < 1903 > . Kindly correct me in case i am wrong
Apologies for such a basic query

Regards,
Abhishek

souvik101990 wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence tests two modifiers. First, "only" correctly modifies "when"
Rousseau believed "man is good." Second, "that" is incorrectly used to introduce
a non-essential modifier. "That" is used only with essential modifiers and is not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is used when
introducing non-essential modifiers and these modifiers are separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma.
• (A) The sentence is incorrect because it repeats the original answer.
• (B) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
that man is the "only" good creature in a certain circumstance. In addition,
"that" should only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in
this case.
• (C) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
the "only" circumstance in which "man is corrupted." In addition, "that" should
only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in this case.
• (D) This answer corrects the second modifier by changing "that" to "which," the
appropriate start to a non-essential modifier. However, the new placement of
the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the meaning of the sentence. The
original sentence indicated the "only" circumstance in which "man is good."
This answer choice, however, indicates that man is the "only" good creature in
a certain circumstance.
• (E) CORRECT. This choice keeps the original (and correct) placement of the
adverb "only" and also corrects the "that vs. which" modifier mistake by
replacing "that" with "which," the appropriate relative pronoun to employ to
start a non-essential modifier.

Hi,

If you have a phrase having 'of', look at the word that can take which..
Here 1903 cannot take which but war can, so it's OK..

Example..
The book of Mr x, which won a prize, was.... modifies BOOK
The king of Iran, which is in middle East.... modifies IRAN...
Both are OK ...
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Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 05:22
Thank you so much Chetan...
this query was buggine me for long

Regards,
Abhishek Sinha

chetan2u wrote:
abhishek03050 wrote:
Hi Souvik,

I have a very stupid query on the usage of"which"..

My understanding is that "which" modifies the word immediately before the ","

For example :-

The war of 1903, which .....

In this "which" modifies < 1903 > . Kindly correct me in case i am wrong
Apologies for such a basic query

Regards,
Abhishek

souvik101990 wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence tests two modifiers. First, "only" correctly modifies "when"
Rousseau believed "man is good." Second, "that" is incorrectly used to introduce
a non-essential modifier. "That" is used only with essential modifiers and is not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is used when
introducing non-essential modifiers and these modifiers are separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma.
• (A) The sentence is incorrect because it repeats the original answer.
• (B) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
that man is the "only" good creature in a certain circumstance. In addition,
"that" should only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not
separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in
this case.
• (C) The new placement of the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the
meaning of the sentence. The original sentence indicated the "only"
circumstance in which "man is good." This answer choice, however, indicates
the "only" circumstance in which "man is corrupted." In addition, "that" should
only be used to introduce essential modifiers that are not separated from the
rest of the sentence by a comma. "Which" is required in this case.
• (D) This answer corrects the second modifier by changing "that" to "which," the
appropriate start to a non-essential modifier. However, the new placement of
the adverb "only" unacceptably changes the meaning of the sentence. The
original sentence indicated the "only" circumstance in which "man is good."
This answer choice, however, indicates that man is the "only" good creature in
a certain circumstance.
• (E) CORRECT. This choice keeps the original (and correct) placement of the
adverb "only" and also corrects the "that vs. which" modifier mistake by
replacing "that" with "which," the appropriate relative pronoun to employ to
start a non-essential modifier.

Hi,

If you have a phrase having 'of', look at the word that can take which..
Here 1903 cannot take which but war can, so it's OK..

Example..
The book of Mr x, which won a prize, was.... modifies BOOK
The king of Iran, which is in middle East.... modifies IRAN...
Both are OK ...
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Posts: 66
Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2017, 13:42
chetan2u wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that compels man to compare himself to others.

A. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
B. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, that
C. man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted only by society, that
D. only man is good when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which
E. man is good only when in "the state of nature" but is corrupted by society, which

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA - In a while!

ans E..
reason 'that' usually is not preceded by comma... only d and e are left
in D placement of 'only' changes meaning.. only E left

What do you mean by "usually" ? Am I right to say that whenever the information is essential we have to use comma which and with non-essential we use simply that ?

Furthermore, how am I supposed to know what Information is essential and which is not ?

1. At the end of the street there is a house, which is painted red
2. At the end of the street there is a house that is painted red

There are two sentences and both of them are correct...

If the rule would be that one should stick to the original meaning, than Answer Choices with comma that should be simply wrong BECAUSE of the comma ?
Re: Revision Project: Jean-Jacques Rousseau contended that   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2017, 13:42
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