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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part

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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2019, 01:51
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (02:02) correct 39% (02:38) wrong based on 223 sessions

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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part by an annual grant from a major foundation. When the university's physics department embarked on weapons-related research, the foundation, which has purely humanitarian mission, threatened to cancel its grant. The university then promised that none of the foundation's money would be used for the weapons research, whereupon the foundation withdrew its threat, concluding that the weapons research would not benefit from the foundation's grant.

Which of the following describes a flaw in the reasoning underlying the foundation's conclusion?

A) It overlooks the possibility that the availability of the foundation's money for humanitarian uses will allow the university to redirect other funds from humanitarian uses to weapons research.
B) It overlooks the possibility that the physics department's weapons research is not the only one of the university's research activities with other than purely humanitarian purposes.
C) It overlooks the possibility that the university made its promise specifically in order to induce the foundation to withdraw its threat.
D) It confuses the intention of not using a sum of money for a particular purpose with the intention of not using that sum of money at all.
E) It assumes that if the means to achieve an objective are humanitarian in character, then the objective is also humanitarian in character.




Source: PrepTest 7, February 1993 LSAT, Section 4, Question 11
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Re: Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2019, 04:16
Please explain why the answer is A and not B

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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2019, 06:19
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Bunuel wrote:
_______________________
BUMPING FOR DISCUSSION.

Total fund required for scientific research- say $100
Annual Grant( $60)-supported in part by an annual grant, and remaining from university's fund-$40
weapon related research required say -$70
Humanitarian research required-say-$30
The university then promised that none of the foundation's money would be used for the weapons research
So we use Annual grant in Humanitarian research only, and we will be left with $30 + $40 (from university's fund). And this remaining fund can not be used for weapon related research, But can be used for Humanitarian research. Then Foundation concludes that the weapons research would not benefit from the foundation's grant.
But it fails to assume that the remaining fund can be redirected. if part of the remaining fund is redirected then weapon research would get benefitted from the grant.
This is what A says
B says it fails to assume existence of other research activities, But we are not interested in those activities as argument is particular about grant and its benefit.
A:)
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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2019, 10:01
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Xin Cho wrote:
Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part by an annual grant from a major foundation. When the university's physics department embarked on weapons-related research, the foundation, which has purely humanitarian mission, threatened to cancel its grant. The university then promised that none of the foundation's money would be used for the weapons research, whereupon the foundation withdrew its threat, concluding that the weapons research would not benefit from the foundation's grant.

Which of the following describes a flaw in the reasoning underlying the foundation's conclusion?

Inference 1: We need to understand that the Foundation is concerned that its money should not be used for Weapon Research.
Inference 2: The foundation is not concerned whether its money is used for non-humanitarian ground or not. As long as the money is not spent on Wepon Research, foundation is okay.

With these 2 inferences in mind, lets look at the options:

Xin Cho wrote:
A) It overlooks the possibility that the availability of the foundation's money for humanitarian uses will allow the university to redirect other funds from humanitarian uses to weapons research.
This highlights a loophole wherein the University will not directly use Foundation's money for Weapon Research. Foe eg. it may give foundation grant to Sociology department and then take the existing grant of Sociology department from other sources to fund the Weapon Research. In this case the Weapon Research can be funded indirectly from the Foundation's money
Xin Cho wrote:
B) It overlooks the possibility that the physics department's weapons research is not the only one of the university's research activities with other than purely humanitarian purposes.
As stated in Inference 2, Foundation is not concerned whether its money is spent on non-humanitarian causes, as long as its not weapon research
Xin Cho wrote:
C) It overlooks the possibility that the university made its promise specifically in order to induce the foundation to withdraw its threat.
This is not what the conclusion or the article states. Hence "out of scope" option
Xin Cho wrote:
D) It confuses the intention of not using a sum of money for a particular purpose with the intention of not using that sum of money at all.
The conclusion doesnt mention that the money will not be used at all. Hence wrong option
Xin Cho wrote:
E) It assumes that if the means to achieve an objective are humanitarian in character, then the objective is also humanitarian in character.
As stated in inference 2 above, Foundation is not concerned with Humanitarian spending

Therefore A is the correct answer IMO
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Scientific research at a certain university was supported in part   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2019, 10:01
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