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Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the

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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2016, 19:39
hfbamafan wrote:
Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes 15 figures with human features similar to Upper Paleolithic forms and to Middle Eastern Nantufian stone figurines.

A) Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes
B) Vir, examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, include
C)Vir, earliest of monumental art known from central and western Europe, include
D)Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe and includes
E)Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, including

Please assist,

Could not find so will give OA later


includes - subject verb agreement error with sculpted boulders
including - dangling modifier error (i think this is what it's called?), it does not tell us what includes what => ambiguity

B) - appositive used to explain what the sculpted boulders are is best. :)
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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2016, 21:21
reagarding C

I want to know more about why C is wrong.

I thing "earliest of art" is ungramatical. earliest is superlative adjective and,so, can not go with a noun "art"
am i correct?
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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2017, 08:37
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes 15 figures with human features similar to Upper Paleolithic forms and to Middle Eastern Nantufian stone figurines.

Since the meaning of this sentence is not too difficult to understand, let’s directly begin the ERROR ANALYSIS here:

1. The subject “Sculpted boulders” is plural. But the modifier “an example…” is singular. So we have number agreement issue here.
2. Again this plural subject does not agree in number with singular verb “includes”.

POE:

A) Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B) Vir, examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, include: Correct. This choice rectifies both the errors found in choice A.

C) Vir, earliest of monumental art known from central and western Europe, include: Incorrect. This choice distorts the meaning by removing “examples”. The choice says that boulders are earliest of art and not examples of the earliest art. Also, “earliest of art” is very abstract.

D) Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe and includes: Incorrect. Same SV number agreement error as in choice A.

E) Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, including: Incorrect. Use of “including” is incorrect here. This verb-ing does not modify the preceding clause. It rather seems to modify “central and western Europe”.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Why ''including...'' can't modify previous clause here? I considered that part a modifier and chose A, as I thought it gives a new meaning which is more meaningful!
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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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rma26 wrote:
Why ''including...'' can't modify previous clause here? I considered that part a modifier and chose A, as I thought it gives a new meaning which is more meaningful!



Hello rma26,

I will be glad to help you out with one. :-)

It is true that a comma + verb-ing modifier placed after a clause acts as an action modifier and modifies the preceding action. In doing so, it must also make sense with the doer of the modified action.

However, including is one exception to this rule. Even if including is placed after a clauses and is preceded by a comma, it will never act as an action modifier. including ALWAYS acts a noun modifier.

This is the reason why its usage in Choice E is incorrect as it seems to illogically modify the closest noun central and western Europe.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2017, 22:34
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rma26 wrote:
Why ''including...'' can't modify previous clause here? I considered that part a modifier and chose A, as I thought it gives a new meaning which is more meaningful!

Hi rma26, the property that you've mentioned (modify previous clause) is applicable for participial phrases.

The word including is actually a preposition (not a present participle) and hence, the normal rules of present participles do not apply to including.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana makes a special note of this usage of including. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2017, 00:30
hfbamafan wrote:
Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes 15 figures with human features similar to Upper Paleolithic forms and to Middle Eastern Nantufian stone figurines.

(A) Vir, an example of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, includes
(B) Vir, examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, include
(C) Vir, earliest of monumental art known from central and western Europe, include
(D) Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe and includes
(E) Vir are examples of the earliest monumental art known from central and western Europe, including


look at choice C.
"boulders " can not be "art". this meaning/logic error is typical of gmat. be ready to see the frequency of this error on SC. frankly speaking, this kind of error is basis of gmat SC apart from grammar points.
gmat test this kind of error to make our formal written english logic. in spoken english, we say

5 eggs per week is good for health

this is wrong in formal written english because 5 eggs can not be good.

eating 5 eggs per week is good for health

this is logic.

this point is very simple and can be learned easily but is fatally important. we need to change our thinking of spoken english.
Re: Sculpted boulders found at Lepenski Vir, an example of the   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2017, 00:30

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