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Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers

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Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jun 2018, 15:55
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Question Stats:

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 138
Page: 674

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older worker

(B) that all older workers be retained by employers

(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers

(D) employers’ retention of all older workers

(E) employers to retain all older workers

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/04/14/weekinreview/debate-should-mandatory-retirement-be-outlawed.html

Currently, employers have the option of retaining workers beyond 70 if it is mutually desirable. And, of course, workers can choose to retire before 70, as most do. However, Congress may soon consider a proposal to lift the age 70 retirement cap. The United States Chamber opposes this legislation because it would require employers to retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

Originally posted by bmwhype2 on 15 Jul 2007, 12:32.
Last edited by hazelnut on 19 Jun 2018, 15:55, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2007, 20:50
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bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers

(B) that all older workers be retained by employers

(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers

(D) employers’ retention of all older workers

(E) employers to retain all older workers


Why E over B?



Ok, Let's try to complete the sentence using B:

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that all older workers be retained by employers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

Who has to show the cause for dismisssal??
It's employers. But in above sentence , the clause "show just cause for dismissal" is missing noun.

Now let's try with E.

Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring employers to retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

It's clear that who has to show the cause for dismissal.

Hence E should be the answer.

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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2010, 22:25
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 00:52
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boros2203 wrote:
I still have doubt why E is correct and not B. As per the subjunctive definition it should have that +infinitive form of verb without to .

This clearly is satisfied by choice B , any comments ??



the reason B is wrong is because the tense is shifted to passive (i.e. be retained BY employers) and will not match the second part ([to] show just cause for dismissal), which is an active phrase.
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2011, 09:06
The SC is checking the correct uses of idiom.
Correct idiom relating to require are:
1. requiring to x to y, and
2. requiring that xy
Correct answer is E.
(E) employers to retain all older workers
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2015, 16:08
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.
(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers

Here the non underlined portion contains requiring which is a Verb-ing modifier.
of the format
Clause Verb-ing.
here Verb-ing modifies the closest noun which has to be employers.
hence options DE
D: -ion makes it wakward and wordy
E: correct answer :-D
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 11:21
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 04:56
vksunder wrote:
633. Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers should retain all older workers indefinitely or show just cause for dismissal.

(A) that employers should retain all older workers
(B) that all older workers be retained by employers
(C) the retaining by employers of all older workers
(D) employers’ retention of all older workers
(E) employers to retain all older workers


The answer is E

In GMAT should is used for moral obligation
Here Laws are mandatory so we have to use infinitive of purpose .
The non underlined part of the sentence is in direct voice so we have to maintain the structure
So E is the best answer
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2017, 03:20
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arvind910619, we don't have to worry about moral obligation here. All the wrong answers are wrong for clear grammatical reasons! Also, we don't need to restrict "should" to moral cases. Consider these: "Anyone who lives in the area should know where the stadium is." "One should expect some side effects during the first week of treatment." "A good theory should create testable predictions."

Anyway . . .

Answer A is wrong because we can't mix "require" with "should." We can't require that someone should do something. We can only require that they actually do it!

B fixed the problem above, correctly applying the command subjunctive ("require that X be done"). However, it creates a huge meaning problem. We're requiring that older workers "be retained . . . or show just cause." It's not the workers who have to show just cause. Yes, there's a shift here from passive to active, but that can be okay if the meaning makes sense. ("He will either leave the room voluntarily or be escorted out by guards.") However, since the meaning is off (the employees must be retained unless the employers can show just cause), this is out. A simple way to sum this up is that we've put our verb with the wrong subject.

C is not parallel at all. It matches a noun with a verb: "requires the retaining . . . or show just cause." This is no good, even if we accept the odd "requires the retaining" at the beginning.

D has the same problem: it tries to make "the retention" parallel to "show."

E finally has good structure. The legislation requires employers to "retain . . . or show."
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Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 04:45
kannu44 wrote:
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.


hey I have a doubt regarding the use of subjunctive rule.
Is it a rule that the verb present in the sentence should always be in the base form, when there is subjunctive use?
And if it is a rule then option B is wrong because the verb "retained" is not in the base form.
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 09:00
shiva007 wrote:
kannu44 wrote:
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.


hey I have a doubt regarding the use of subjunctive rule.
Is it a rule that the verb present in the sentence should always be in the base form, when there is subjunctive use?
And if it is a rule then option B is wrong because the verb "retained" is not in the base form.


Subjunctive word (such as demand, suggest, recommend, require, order, mandate) + that + NOUN + BASE FORM of the VERB (e.g., be, go, stop, run, excel) i.e., the infinitive without the to part.
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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 11:12
Abhishek009 wrote:
shiva007 wrote:
kannu44 wrote:
I am not able to reject B here , Is is rejected just for being a passing voice . what happened to subjunctive rule.
Thanks mod for your time and help.


hey I have a doubt regarding the use of subjunctive rule.
Is it a rule that the verb present in the sentence should always be in the base form, when there is subjunctive use?
And if it is a rule then option B is wrong because the verb "retained" is not in the base form.


Subjunctive word (such as demand, suggest, recommend, require, order, mandate) + that + NOUN + BASE FORM of the VERB (e.g., be, go, stop, run, excel) i.e., the infinitive without the to part.

So using past tense of the verb is not a correct usage in subjunctive format and hence is incorrect, right? Or is there any other reason ?


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Re: Senator Lasker has proposed legislation requiring that employers &nbs [#permalink] 05 Oct 2018, 11:12
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