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# Several industries have recently switched at least partly

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Manager
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Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 07:55
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Question Stats:

78% (02:23) correct 22% (01:37) wrong based on 1850 sessions

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67. Several industries have recently switched at least partly from older technologies powered by fossil fuels to new technology powered by electricity. It is thus evident that less fossil fuel is being used as a result of the operations of these induestries than would have been used if these industries had retained their older technologies.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthen the argument above?

A) Many of the industries that have switched to at least partly to new technologies have increased their output.
B) Less fossil fuel was used to manufacture the machinery employed in the new technologies than was orginally used to manufacture the machinery employed in the older technologies.
C) More electricity is used to by those industries that have switched at least partly to the new technologies than by those industries that have not switched.
D) Some of the industries that have switched at least partly to the new technologies still use primarily technologies that are powered by fossil fuel.
E) The amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricty needed to power the new technologies is less than amount that would have been uesed to power the older technologies.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A 12th OG problem, pls help to explain. [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 12:10

Given argument simply says that because these industries have switched from fossil fuel to electricity, the consumption of fossil fuel is reduced.

The missing link : The argument considers that industries are the ONLY places where fossil fule is used.

Now we have to choose an option which takes care of this missing link and also helps strengthening the argument.

Hence E is the best choice.

B is incorrect because
- B doesn't strengthen the argument
- B has Out of scope information
Director
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OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2011, 05:18
I have some reservations regarding the OA:

The stimulus says that older technologies were powered by fossil fuel; whereas new technologies are powered by electricity. Now, the OA says that fossil fuel is needed to generate power for the new technologies. This is a direct contradiction with the stimulus.

Thanks.
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Re: OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2011, 22:26
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^ As per the premise and OA, fossil fuel is used to generate electricity which in turn power the new technologies. Fossil fuel does not directly power the new machines, but does so indirectly.

The idea that you'll need to reconcile with is, generating electricity from fossil fuel has a better efficiency than directly burning fossil fuel to run the older machines. Kind of like how an electric train is more fuel efficient than an old steam engine. This will be true even if the power plant of the electric train is thermal!
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Re: OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 00:31
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Quote:
The idea that you'll need to reconcile with is, generating electricity from fossil fuel has a better efficiency than directly burning fossil fuel to run the older machines. Kind of like how an electric train is more fuel efficient than an old steam engine. This will be true even if the power plant of the electric train is thermal!

DexDee, what you are saying is that using electricity is more efficient than burning fossil fuel. But I don't think that this is what they are saying. What they are saying is simply that:

(2) Some industries have switched, at least partly, to powering their machines by electricity

and as a result:

(3) Less fossil fuel is being used

Where do they talk about efficiency?

Thanks a lot.
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Re: OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 01:16
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nonameee wrote:

(2) Some industries have switched, at least partly, to powering their machines by electricity

The new technology uses electricity to power the machines. But where does the electricity come from? It can be from either of the two :

( 1 ) Renewable resources like wind, solar etc.

( 2 ) Non-renewable resources a.k.a fossil fuels.

Now, if the electricity were to be derived from a fossil fuel ( like coal ), the actual fossil fuel burned for the process of generating electricity that is required to power the new machines must be lesser than the (fossil fuel ) energy required to power the older machines.

Thus assuming OA to be true, strengthens the argument.

PS: Excuse me for veering into technical stuff!
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Re: OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 01:22
Quote:
Now, if the electricity were to be derived from a fossil fuel ( like coal ), the actual fossil fuel burned for the process of generating electricity that is required to power the new machines must be lesser than the (fossil fuel ) energy required to power the older machines.

Yes, thanks a lot. That's the point I missed.
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Re: OG: Fossil fuels vs electricity [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 19:27
+1 E the Best
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2011, 02:20
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The question has been tagged as a question from the OG.

I am sure everyone already knows this but just want to restate the fact:

OFFICIAL GUIDE ANSWERS ARE NEVER WRONG !!!

Understanding the logic behind the OA is the only possible way to improve. Challenging the OA from GMAC is PURE WASTE OF TIME !!!

The answer to this question is indeed E. The logic behind it has already been explained above.
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 01:53
why cant C be the answer.
E is asking us to think out of scope as from where is electricity being produced.
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 13:57
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Let me try to help those, who might need some sort of support in understanding why B is wrong whereas E is the OA.
B. B talks about those machineries , which will be used to employ the new technology, would need less FF to get manufactured. Are we talking about the machine and machineries that we may need in our actual operation that is being discussed? No. B talks about some something that we don't know Can't say.
E. FF--> EP << FF itself. This is what was asked to strengthen if we look into the conclusion.
In case you need further help , feel free to share your line of thought
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 01:44
Two questions:-
1. What is EP
2. Why C cant be the answer
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 01:52
Hey Nilabh,

Ep is eletric powered.
C says,
More electricity is used to by those industries that have switched at least partly to the new technologies than by those industries that have not switched.
here the author says Electric consumption has risen, but here there is no hints given for the FF. Does only EP matters to us?
Hope that helps.
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 16:04
the first line says:-

Now if they have switched to electricity then their Electricity consumption will rise right?
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 21:23
out of 100 , how much shud be several?
10?
20?30?32? we don;t know it that way. that's the trap in several
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 12:23
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this answer would have made sense if they stated fossil fuels generated electricity
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 01:51
PREMISE 1. Several industries have recently switched at least partly from older technologies powered by fossil fuels to new technology powered by electricity.
CONCLUSION Less fossil fuel is being used as a result of the operations of these industries than would have been used if these industries had retained their older technologies.

ASSSUMPTION- ELECTRICITY NEEDS LESS FOSSIL FUEL FOR ITS GENERATION THAN WOULD DIRECT USE OF FOSSIL FUEL ENTAIL IN COMPLETION OF GIVEN USE........

Which of the following, if true, most strengthen the argument above?

E) The amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricty needed to power the new technologies is less than amount that would have been uesed to power the older technologies.CORRECT....
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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04 May 2015, 02:05
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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04 May 2015, 04:23
there are two points in cr section
we need to read very well. reading skill is taught in basic english course, not in gmat verbal.

second point. ability to criticize is key to cr section. this ability is for all kind of question, assmption, weaken, strengthen, evaluate, flaw and paradox questions with the exception of inference question. this ability can be acquired in a few weeks.

but reading ability is harder to require. we have to get this ability when we study english basic. so, retake the english course which reach reading is a good choice.
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2015, 12:10
I got struck between B and E.

I chose B thinking getting into the trap that it specifies less fossil is needed now thereby strngthening the conclusion.
But B speaks about fossil fuel used in production of machinery needed for the industry and not on fossil fuel required/used in operation of industry/machinery.

Hope this helps someone.
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Re: Several industries have recently switched at least partly   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2015, 12:10

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