Last visit was: 22 Jul 2024, 23:28 It is currently 22 Jul 2024, 23:28
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Director
Joined: 29 Apr 2019
Status:Learning
Posts: 729
Own Kudos [?]: 589 [1]
Given Kudos: 49
Director
Joined: 16 Jun 2021
Posts: 976
Own Kudos [?]: 187 [0]
Given Kudos: 309
Intern
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 2
Own Kudos [?]: [0]
Given Kudos: 5
Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2016
Posts: 122
Own Kudos [?]: 21 [0]
Given Kudos: 599
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.12
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
Hi experts,

Would you please help to explain why option A is wrong? I read some comments about sentiment meaning of 'chance' vs 'likely', but they seems not convincing for an OG question. Is there any other error in A? Thank you.
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5128
Own Kudos [?]: 4694 [3]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
2
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
tinbq wrote:
Hi experts,

Would you please help to explain why option A is wrong? I read some comments about sentiment meaning of 'chance' vs 'likely', but they seems not convincing for an OG question. Is there any other error in A? Thank you.

Hello tinbq,

We hope this finds you well.

Having gone through the question and your query, we believe that we can help resolve your doubts.

In addition to the error you mentioned, Option A incorrectly uses the construction “A as B” rather than the correct, idiomatic construction “less A than B” to compare the chances of dying of a heart attack that the patients who exercise most actively have and the chances of dying of a heart attack that the patients who are sedentary have; please remember, "less A than B" is the correct usage; A and B must be comparable and parallel. Further, Option A uses the needlessly wordy phrase “half or less than half”, leading to awkwardness.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2021
Posts: 140
Own Kudos [?]: 15 [0]
Given Kudos: 22
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
AndrewN, can you please explain what are the main factors to eliminate B?
Volunteer Expert
Joined: 16 May 2019
Posts: 3507
Own Kudos [?]: 6982 [2]
Given Kudos: 500
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
tkorzhan1995 wrote:
AndrewN, can you please explain what are the main factors to eliminate B?

Hello, tkorzhan1995. How about we look at (B) in the context of the sentence?

Quote:
Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise most actively have half or less than half the chance of dying of a heart attack as those who are sedentary.

(B) have half the chance, or less, of dying of a heart attack than those who are sedentary do

Okay, the first thing that stands out to me is the comparative than. We see this used in greater than, less than, more than, and so on, but have half the chance than? That is flat-out wrong, and I would not bother analyzing the option any further. Still, in the interest of supplying a more robust answer to your query, I am also left scratching my head about the substitute verb do at the end. You want to use such a substitute when the comparison involves two actions—e.g., He drives faster than she does—and here, the verb is have: dying is a noun, the object of the preposition of, and chance is also a noun. So, what exactly is do standing in for? The best I can come up with is the phrase have of dying of a heart attack. That is a lot for a substitute verb to carry. A more logical comparison in this sentence is created between two groups of people, those who exercise (ditch the extra modifiers) and those who are sedentary; as such, a noun-to-noun comparison, minus a verb or substitute, makes sense. Finally, there is a diction issue. As I touched on in an earlier post, have half the chance of is a functional if somewhat off-putting way of expressing are fifty percent less likely, as we see in answer choice (E), or are half as likely. I would call this the least objectionable issue of the three I have outlined, though. Understanding comparisons is far more important, in my view.

Thank you for calling my attention to the question. Good luck with your studies.

- Andrew
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5128
Own Kudos [?]: 4694 [1]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
1
Kudos
tkorzhan1995 wrote:
AndrewN, can you please explain what are the main factors to eliminate B?

Hello tkorzhan1995,

We hope this finds you well.

Having gone through the question and your query, we believe we can resolve your doubt.

Option B incorrectly uses the construction “A than B” rather than the correct construction “less A than B” to compare the chances of dying of a heart attack that coronary patients who exercise most actively have and the chances of dying of a heart attack that the coronary patients who do not do so have; please remember, "less A than B" is the correct usage; A and B must be comparable and parallel. Further, Option B uses the needlessly wordy phrase “half the chance, or less,”, leading to awkwardness.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
Manager
Joined: 11 Oct 2020
Posts: 50
Own Kudos [?]: 1 [0]
Given Kudos: 22
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
at least or at most is preferred on GMAT rather than "have half or less than half", and that's why Option A, B & C are wrong. Option D is wrong as we need less than and not less as.
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Dec 2021
Posts: 312
Own Kudos [?]: 24 [0]
Given Kudos: 240
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.95
WE:Real Estate (Consulting)
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
As per solution - B and C are wrong because it wrongly uses "do" in the end, can you please help me understand this

Also, I eliminated B and C because "or less" since it is between two commas is used as non-essential modifier but this leads to wrong meaning
Can
Intern
Joined: 24 Apr 2022
Posts: 26
Own Kudos [?]: 4 [0]
Given Kudos: 129
Location: India
Schools: ISB '25 (S)
GMAT 1: 710 Q51 V35
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
Quote:
Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise most actively have half or less than half the chance of dying of a heart attack as those who are sedentary.

(A) have half or less than half the chance of dying of a heart attack as those who are sedentary

(B) have half the chance, or less, of dying of a heart attack than those who are sedentary do

(C) have half the chance that they will die of a heart attack, or less, than those who are sedentary do

(D) are at least fifty percent less likely to die of a heart attack as those who are sedentary

(E) are at least fifty percent less likely than those who are sedentary to die of a heart attack

simplify:

patients who exercise have less chance as those who are sedentary.
or,

active patients have less chance as sedentary patients.

than should be used instead of as -> A & D are out
we are comparing chance -> helping verb not needed ->B & C are out.

Intern
Joined: 12 Aug 2019
Posts: 25
Own Kudos [?]: 15 [0]
Given Kudos: 72
Location: India
WE:Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
Is a comma not required after sedentary. I chose option B. Can some o compare B vs E. Thanks
Intern
Joined: 04 May 2022
Posts: 16
Own Kudos [?]: 6 [0]
Given Kudos: 247
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
Harshjha001 wrote:
doesn't "those who are sedentary to die of a heart attack" sounds weird ?
Shouldn't "than those who are sedentary" and "die of a heart attack " be separated by a comma ?

Can anyone suggest ?

The prepositional phrase 'to die of a heart attack " is okay, but I understand your issue. Option E is not an ideal construct. The comparison should be placed between the two compared entities. Here it is put toward the end. Ideally, it should be XX people are 50% less likely to die of a heart attack than - people who are sedentary.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 2701
Own Kudos [?]: 7862 [1]
Given Kudos: 56
GMAT 2: 780  Q50  V50
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Generally, if we're down to "this one needs a comma" as our reason for eliminating, we should look for something else. There aren't that many situations in which the lack of a comma is going to knock out an answer. Let's look at some simpler versions of E:

Women are 50% less likely to die.

This isn't much of a sentence meaning-wise, since we don't have our comparison or a cause of death, but it's fine in terms of grammar. No comma needed yet!

Women are 50% less likely than men to die of a heart attack.

Okay, now we've clarified the comparison, and we know which kind of death we're talking about. (Surely, we all have to die of something, at least until we solve that problem.) Does that mean we need a comma? No--we're just modifying "likely" with "than men." When we add a modifier to a term, there's no rule that says we need to follow this new longer term with a comma. As for the new part at the end, it's just a prepositional phrase modifying the verb "die," so we don't want a comma there.

So what if we make the middle modifier longer still?

Women in their 30s are 50% less likely than men in their 40's to die of a heart attack.

All we've done is write a longer modifier. That doesn't change the underlying structure, so there's still no reason to add a comma. We just have to follow the structure and we're fine. At this point, we have something equivalent to the original answer, and the same logic applies.
Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2023
Posts: 89
Own Kudos [?]: 2 [0]
Given Kudos: 283
Location: India
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]
laxieqv wrote:
antiant wrote:
Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise most actively have half or less than half the chance of dying of a heart attack as those who are sedentary

a) have half or less than half the chance of dying of a heart attack as those who are sedentary

b) have half the chance, or less, of dying of a heart attack than those who are sedentary do

c) have half the chance that they will die of a heart attack, or less, than those who are sedentary do

d) are at least fifty percent less likely to die of a heart attack as those who are sedentary

e) are at least fifty percent less likely than those who are sedentary to die of a heart attack

This kind of SC tests the concise combination of ...as...as ....and less/more ....than ..... The correct combination is: ...at least/ at most .....less/ more .....than ......
So i'm left with D and E. Between the two, E uses the correct structure: ...less .....than .... so E is correct.

Go for E.

But in the sentence it is written half or less, shouldn't at most be the correct one?
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 2701
Own Kudos [?]: 7862 [0]
Given Kudos: 56
GMAT 2: 780  Q50  V50
Re: Several studies have found that the coronary patients who exercise mos [#permalink]