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# Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build

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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Apr 2008
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Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2008, 17:05
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Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect

D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner

E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2008
Posts: 499

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Location: Eastern Europe
Schools: Oxford

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23 Jun 2008, 17:16
I’d pick B.

Quote:
Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly (‘shaped’ could refer to airplanes or manufacturers as well as wings)

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped (nothing wrong. Repeating 'wings' is correct)

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect (should be ‘smoothly’ and ‘perfectly’)

D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner (‘shaped in a smooth manner’ - very awkward)

E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so (I think that ‘so that’ – construction is wrong here. Also ‘having been shaped’ is not needed).

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Intern
Joined: 25 May 2008
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Location: Menlo Park, CA

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23 Jun 2008, 17:24
rpmodi wrote:
Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect

D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner

E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

C for me...the most 'active' voice

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VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1340

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23 Jun 2008, 19:05
A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
>>>Modifier issue.I think we need " wings " after the comma

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
>>>Use of that is incorrect. "wings" is plural

D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
>>>same as A

E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so
>>>having been is awkard

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Director
Joined: 14 Aug 2007
Posts: 726

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23 Jun 2008, 20:18
greenoak,

greenoak wrote:
I’d pick B.

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped (nothing wrong. Repeating 'wings' is correct)

in B, will "smooth wings" and "smoothly shaped wings" have same meaning?

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Director
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23 Jun 2008, 20:19
goalsnr wrote:

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
>>>Use of that is incorrect. "wings" is plural

goalsnr, do you have any pointers/links for this info (that can't be used with plural)?

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Director
Joined: 01 Jan 2008
Posts: 504

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23 Jun 2008, 23:46
Whats wrong with A.. Isnt shaped clearly referring to wings, it immediately follows it in the sentence ..

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Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2006
Posts: 230

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24 Jun 2008, 00:16
Going with B.

In A, "Smoothly" and "Perfectly" describe the "process of shaping" and not the wings.

In other words, smoothly and perfectly modifies the action "shape".

Kudos [?]: 51 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2008
Posts: 499

Kudos [?]: 247 [0], given: 4

Location: Eastern Europe
Schools: Oxford

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24 Jun 2008, 03:05
Quote:
greenoak,

greenoak wrote:
Quote:
I’d pick B.
B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped (nothing wrong. Repeating 'wings' is correct)

in B, will "smooth wings" and "smoothly shaped wings" have same meaning?

The meaning it a bit different. However, the answer with ‘wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped’ is the only correct form. Here not ‘smooth’ and ‘perfect’ or ‘smoothly’ and ‘perfectly’ are parallel, but ‘so smooth’ and ‘so perfectly shaped’.

‘Smooth’ -> wings
‘Perfectly’ -> shaped
‘Perfectly shaped’ -> wings
‘Smooth’ and ‘Perfectly shaped’ -> wings

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VP
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24 Jun 2008, 06:26
gmatcrook wrote:
Going with B.

In A, "Smoothly" and "Perfectly" describe the "process of shaping" and not the wings.

In other words, smoothly and perfectly modifies the action "shape".

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

Here "so smooth and so perfectly shaped" modify wings . They are adjectives not adverbs.

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Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2008
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24 Jun 2008, 07:16
Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly
smoothly modifies shaped not the wings. here the wings are smooth..that is the reason why air passing over them do not become turbulent. not shaping smooth.

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped .....that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.
them refers antecedent wings(second one) correctly..near correct answer.
C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect
them does not refer to secongs wings... also emphasis should be on wings ..not how they are shaped.
D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner
again emphasis should be on wings ..not how they are shaped. also them needs an antecedent to point to
E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so
tense is not correct

IMO ...B

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Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
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Location: Washington DC

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24 Jun 2008, 13:35
goalsnr wrote:
gmatcrook wrote:
Going with B.

In A, "Smoothly" and "Perfectly" describe the "process of shaping" and not the wings.

In other words, smoothly and perfectly modifies the action "shape".

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

Here "so smooth and so perfectly shaped" modify wings . They are adjectives not adverbs.

Smoothly and perfectly modify the shape so I think they are used here correctly. Smooth and shape are adjective they can not modify the shape. So My pick is A. Whats the OA?

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Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2006
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26 Jul 2008, 11:23
rpmodi wrote:
Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

A. wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly

B. wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

C. wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect

D. wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner

E. wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

What is "shaped so smoothly and perfectly" airplane or wings?

IMO B

Kudos [?]: 135 [0], given: 7

Re: SC:wings   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2008, 11:23
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# Since the 1930s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build

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