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Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette

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Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2018, 04:36
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A
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Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette tax. Copeland's cigarette prices will still be reasonably low, so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase.

Raoul: True, smoking is unlikely to decrease, because Copeland's cigarette prices will still not be high. They will, however, no longer be the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.

Raoul responds to Sonya's argument by doing which of the following?

A: Questioning the support for Sonya's conclusion by distinguishing carefully between No change and no decrease
B: calling Sonya's conclusion into question by pointing to a possible effect of a certain change.
C: Arguing that Sonya's conclusion would be better supported if Sonya could cite a precedent for what she predicts will happen.
D: showing that a cause that Sonya claims will be producing a certain effect is not the only cause that could produce that effect
E: pointing out that a certain initiative is not bold enough to have the effect that Soniya predicts it will have

My answer B

Originally posted by withme on 17 Jun 2006, 19:27.
Last edited by adkikani on 29 Jul 2018, 04:36, edited 1 time in total.
Edited typo as per Gmat prep QP
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2006, 21:01
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withme wrote:
Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette tax. Copeland's cigarette prices will still be reasonably low, so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase.
Raoul: True, smoking is unlikely to decrease, because Copeland's cigarette prices will still not be high. They will, however, no longer be the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.
Raoul responds to Sonya's argument by doing which of the following?
A: Questioning the support for Sonya's conclusion by distinguishing carefully between No change and no decrease
B: calling Sonya's conclusion into question by pointing to a possible effect of a certain change.
C: Arguing that Sonya's conclusion would be better supported if Sonya could cite a precedent for what she predicts will happen.
D: showing that a cause that Sonya claims will be producing a certain effect is not the only cause that could produce that effect
E: pointing out that a certain initiative is not bold enough to have the predicts it will have

My answer B


Raoul agrees with the fact that cigarette sales are unlikely to decrease but doesnt quite agree that government revenues are going to increase as well. He points to smuggling of lower priced cigarettes as a pointer to decreased government revenues. B.
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2006, 01:12
B is the best.

Sonya's conclusion is called into question as smuggled cigs will not increase the goverment's revenue.
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2015, 13:04
Nine years since anyone touched this question!!!!Bumping this thread up. @@jarvisR PathFinder007
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 05:45
2
withme wrote:
Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette tax. Copeland's cigarette prices will still be reasonably low, so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase.

Raoul: True, smoking is unlikely to decrease, because Copeland's cigarette prices will still not be high. They will, however, no longer be the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.

Raoul responds to Sonya's argument by doing which of the following?

A: Questioning the support for Sonya's conclusion by distinguishing carefully between No change and no decrease
B: calling Sonya's conclusion into question by pointing to a possible effect of a certain change.
C: Arguing that Sonya's conclusion would be better supported if Sonya could cite a precedent for what she predicts will happen.
D: showing that a cause that Sonya claims will be producing a certain effect is not the only cause that could produce that effect
E: pointing out that a certain initiative is not bold enough to have the predicts it will have



Sonya's Conclusion:- government revenue from the tax will increase.

Raoul- Cigarette smoking will not decrease, but the cigarettes will be imported from some other place.

Inference:- If these are exported then government will not be benefitted from tax.

Basically, the change/ increase in tax will lead to alternate effect (getting cigarettes from other place). And, sonya's conclusion is not supported.
only option B mentioned this correctly.
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 01:24
Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette tax. Copeland's cigarette prices will still be reasonably low, so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase.

Raoul: True, smoking is unlikely to decrease, because Copeland's cigarette prices will still not be high. They will, however, no longer be the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.

Raoul responds to Sonya's argument by doing which of the following?

Sonia states that the cigarette tax has not reduced the consumption of cigarettes but she concludes that because of the tax increase, and the constant consumption, the revenue for the government will increase. Raoul refutes this conclusion by stating that though the consumption might not decrease but even despite that the government might not earn any additional revenue because the a lot of sales will be illegal and those sales can't be taxed. Thus, Raoul is calling Sonya's conclusion into question by pointing out an effect of the change she did not consider. (B)
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2017, 05:06
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 05:22
Why E is not the answer? In other words, what is the difference between B and E?
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 22:33
3
chesstitans wrote:
Why E is not the answer? In other words, what is the difference between B and E?

Well, choice (E) appears to have a transcription error ("seems to have the predicts it will have"??), so if someone encounters this question in the software, please let us know what it says.

Choice (E) probably says, "E: pointing out that a certain initiative is not bold enough to have the effect that Sonya predicts it will have." The reason (E) is incorrect is that both Sonya and Raoul agree that the tax will have little if any effect on cigarette consumption. Raoul doesn't claim that the plan isn't bold enough to increase government revenue. Instead, Raoul introduces an effect that Sonya does not mention (that illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes will increase). This effect would weaken Sonya's conclusion, so choice (B) is more accurate. If anything, Raoul would agree that the plan is TOO bold (i.e. that the modest increase in price WILL have negative consequences that lower tax revenue).

I hope that helps!
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Re: Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 03:38
Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette tax. Copeland's cigarette prices will still be reasonably low, so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase.

Raoul: True, smoking is unlikely to decrease, because Copeland's cigarette prices will still not be high. They will, however, no longer be the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.

Raoul responds to Sonya's argument by doing which of the following?

A: Questioning the support for Sonya's conclusion by distinguishing carefully between No change and no decrease
B: calling Sonya's conclusion into question by pointing to a possible effect of a certain change.
C: Arguing that Sonya's conclusion would be better supported if Sonya could cite a precedent for what she predicts will happen.
D: showing that a cause that Sonya claims will be producing a certain effect is not the only cause that could produce that effect
E: pointing out that a certain initiative is not bold enough to have the predicts it will have

Hi, let's focus at the conclusion of the argument by Sonya.
The conclusion is that
"so cigarette consumption will probably not be affected much. Consequently, government revenue from the tax will increase."

R agrees that consumption won't be affected but also points out another effect of the increase in the price of cig.'s i.e since prices are no longer the lowest in the region, so we might begin to see substantial illegal sales of smuggled cigarettes in Copeland.

Now if there is SUBSTANTIAL illegal sales of smuggled cig's than the Sonya's conclusion that govt. revenue from tax will increase is affected.

With this pre thinking let's look for the correct choice.

A. says R is questioning the support of S's conclusion that govt's revenue will increase. The support for this conclusion is that the consumption won't decrease and hence the govt.'s tax revenue will increase.

Now R is not questioning the support .He is actually questioning the conclusion that Govt.s revenue will increase by providing an alternate effect of the increase in tax.

Hence A is wrong.

B is in line with our pre thinking. Let's keep it and move on.

C is definitely not the answer because nowhere has R asked for a precedent.

D is wrong because R is arguing by showing an alternate effect(increase in the illegal sale)of an cause(increased taxes) which is questioning the S's conclusion (govt.s revenue will increase).

E. is interesting.
R is not questioning the boldness of the initiative(increase in taxes) but merely bringing in another effect of this initiative which might hinder the main conclusion that Govt.s
revenue will increase.

So B is the correct answer.

Hope it helps
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Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 04:37
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The typo is corrected, thanks for pointing out the discrepancy. :-)
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Sonya: The government of Copeland is raising the cigarette &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 04:37
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