GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Nov 2018, 21:48

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • How to QUICKLY Solve GMAT Questions - GMAT Club Chat

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     10:00 AM PST

    The reward for signing up with the registration form and attending the chat is: 6 free examPAL quizzes to practice your new skills after the chat.
  • The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

     November 20, 2018

     November 20, 2018

     06:00 PM EST

     07:00 PM EST

    What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.

Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1062
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2010, 12:51
1
11
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:17) correct 42% (02:15) wrong based on 675 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College. Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?


(A) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years.

(B) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment.

(C) Over the past 10 year the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.

(D) Over the past 10 years academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland.

(E) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.

_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Most Helpful Expert Reply
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8562
Location: Pune, India
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2010, 19:21
7
noboru wrote:
Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College. Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?
(A) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years.
(B) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment.
(C) Over the past 10 year the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.
(D) Over the past 10 years academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland.
(E) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.



Question stem: Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?
This is a 'must be true' question. You are looking for the option that can be inferred from the stimulus.

Premises:
-Students from outside Markland, who pay twice as much tuition as do students from Markland, had accounted for at least 2/3 of the enrollment.
-Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.
Which means that 60% students are now Marklanders.

(A) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years.
We do not know why the standards improved. Cannot be inferred.

(B) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment.
Cannot be inferred. We do not know if there is a relation between academic standards and % of non Marklanders.

(C) Over the past 10 year the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.
No information about number of students. Cannot be inferred.

(D) Over the past 10 years academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland.
No information about other colleges. Cannot be inferred.
(E) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.
Per capita revenue implies the average paid by each student. It doesn't matter whether the total number of students have increased or decreased. If those paying twice have reduced, then to still get the same average, tuition must have increased.

Answer (E).
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Jun 2010
Posts: 21
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2010, 18:20
easy E. the rest are too extreme. E works with only what is given. Population of Non Marklanders went down to 40%. It could be because more Marklanders began to attend the school as opposed to a reduction in non Marklanders attendees or vice versa. We cannot say what was responsible for the increased academic standards, so rule that out.
The only thing we can say is there could be tuition increases if per capita revenue remained the same.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Sep 2009
Posts: 375
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Nov 2010, 06:11
1
I will stick with E,but I have my doubts since the fee has increased for everyone (Locals and outsiders) how would you justify increase in per capita fee?

Ox + Iy = C
O=outsiders, fee=x
I=Locals, fee=y
O decreases, I increases x and y can both be adjusted to compensate.
C/x+y wouldnt necessarily go up.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Nov 2009
Posts: 1
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2010, 13:58
Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College. Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years. => The relation "high tuition/ rising academic standards" is not mentioned above.
(B) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment. => nowhere in the statement above, it is said that academic standards could affect the enrollment
(C) Over the past 10 year the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased. => we talk about "proportion" and not "number"
(D) Over the past 10 years academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland. => no comparison is made in the initial statement
(E) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years. => a math question:
capita revenue = x% * 2 *Marklander tuition + (100-x)%* Marklander tuition = (1 + x%)* Marklander Tuition
=> since x decreases, capita revenue does not change, then Tuition must increase
answer E
Well, of courses we don't write down this equation during the test :) , just reason it intuitively
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4517
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2010, 07:45
2
The catch in E is that the per capita revenue remaining the same. Even If the absolute number of non- Marklanders increases, despite the percentage coming down, (which is possible) the per capita revenue will not rise. This is because, for every higher contribution by the non- Marklanders, there is a much more increase in the number of the Marklanders, who contribute half of their counterparts, thus pulling down the average.

The best way is to a make a simulated arithmetic, and one can see that whatever the situation, the per capita revenue will not remain the same in the new permutation, unless there is an actual rise.

E is the safest inference
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 106
Location: United States
Schools: IIMA PGPX"20
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2014, 06:31
Can somebody please explain why is C not right. If the proportion of outsiders has decresed then can't it be inferred that number of outsiders has decreased .

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Feel Free to Press Kudos if you like the way I think :).

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8562
Location: Pune, India
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2014, 22:46
4
282552 wrote:
Can somebody please explain why is C not right. If the proportion of outsiders has decresed then can't it be inferred that number of outsiders has decreased .

Posted from my mobile device


A decrease in proportion does not imply a decrease in numbers.

Say there used to be 100 students - 70 outsiders (70%) and 30 Marklanders (30%)

Say now there are 500 students - 200 outsiders (40%) and 300 Marklanders (60%)

So though the proportion of outsiders has decreased from 70% to 40%, their number has actually increased (from 70 to 200) because total number of students has increased. Since we know nothing about the number of students, we cannot say what happened to the actual number of outsiders in the last 10 years.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 454
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2015, 05:30
3
C Vs E:

Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College.
Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen, and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

c) Over the past 10 years, the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.
>> Since number of students not given we cant infer that. This is a common trick in such questions. From % we cant infer if the actual number increased or decreased.

e) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.
PCR = avg fees from all students remained constant
Now to keep the figure constant when the proportion of high paying students have decreased, we need to increases the fees.

So answers seems to be E.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Dec 2013
Posts: 249
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2015, 06:09
2
My option will be E. Really good question. Took me around 3.5 min, but in the end worth answering such a nice question.

My though process...

1. Option A: The argument does not support this. Perhaps non Marklanders are too ambitious and took more modules and hence their tuition fee was higher.

2. Option B: The argument does not support this ideology.

3. Option C: Clearly out of scope.

4. Option D: Clearly out of scope because comparing with other colleges in Markland.

5. Option E: College percapita income remained the same, then tution fee must be higher than previous year. [Since non marklanders were paying more tuition fee, but thier number has significantly dropped].

Please let me know your thoughts. Please post OA.

souvik101990 wrote:
Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College. Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen, and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent. Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

a) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years.

b) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment.

c) Over the past 10 years, the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.

d) Over the past 10 years, academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland.

e) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.

_________________

Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.

Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4230
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2015, 08:18
noboru wrote:
Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College. Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.


This one has really been a sitter for me ( And trust me the more challenging the game becomes the better it feels)

noboru wrote:
Students from outside the province of Markland, had traditionally accounted for at least two-thirds of the enrollment at Central Markland College


Situation 10 Yrs ago -

Total students = 60
Non Markland = 40 ( Considering 2/3rd)
Markland = 20

noboru wrote:
who in any given academic year pay twice as much tuition each as do students from Markland


Let the tution fees 10 years ago be as follows -

Non Markland = 20
Non Markland = 10

Total tution fees collected by Central Markland College was -

(20*40) + (10*20) = 1000

Per Capita Revenue is 1000/60 =>16.67

noboru wrote:
Over the past 10 years academic standards at the college have risen and the proportion of students who are not Marklanders has dropped to around 40 percent.


Situation 10 Yrs ago -

Total students = 60
Non Markland = 16 ( 40% )
Markland = 44

Considering tution fees and No of students remaining the same

Tution fees now -

Non Markland = 20
Markland = 10


Total tution fees collected by Central Markland College was -

(20*16) + (10*34) = 660


Per Capita Revenue is 660/60 =>11.00

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) If it had not been for the high tuition paid by students from outside Markland, the college could not have improved its academic standards over the past 10 years.

We can not infer anything about the standard of education because nothing has been explicitly mentioned in the stimulus.

(B) If academic standards had not risen over the past 10 years, students who are not Marklanders would still account for at least two-thirds of the college’s enrollment.

We can not infer anything about the standard of education because nothing has been explicitly mentioned in the stimulus.

(C) Over the past 10 year the number of students from Markland increased and the number of students from outside Markland decreased.

This might seem a probable answer choice but be very very careful this statement talks about " the number of students " and the passage keeps on mentioning Percentage - Increase/Decrease in %gae doesn't mean a corresponding increase/Decrease in number.

(D) Over the past 10 years academic standards at Central Markland College have risen by more than academic standards at any other college in Markland.

We can not infer anything about the standard of education.

(E) If the college’s per capita revenue from tuition has remained the same, tuition fees have increased over the past 10 years.

This sounds very interesting , lets check.

Per Capita Revenue 10 years ago was 1000/60 =>16.67
Per Capita Revenue now is is 660/60 =>11.00

Now to keep per capita revenue same we must have to increase the tution fees to 1000 now , this will defintely mean a increase in Per capita tution fees.

Hence IMHO (E) :magic
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 641
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Apr 2017, 06:50
Let's say there were 100 students enrolled at Central Markland College (hereafter referred to as CMC) and the tuition for residents was $100. Since at least 2/3 of the student body comprised of non-residents who paid double the residents' tuition ($200), let's suppose, for the purpose of simplification, that 70% of the student body were non-residents.

In sum, 10 years ago, we had 30 resident students each of whom paid $100 and 70 non-resident students each of whom paid double that amount, i.e. $200.

To compute the average tuition (tuition revenue received by CMC per head) = ( $100 x 30 + $200 x 70 ) / 100 = $170 per capita or per student

After 10 years, IF CMC is still earning per capita revenue of $170 and that the proportion of nonresidents has decreased to 40%, it MUST BE TRUE that the amount of contribution by residents has increased.

Let me give you another hypothetical situation.

After 10 years, the number of student body has increased. Say, the number of residents and nonresidents have BOTH increased to a total of 200. Here, since nonresidents make up 40% of the student body, there are 80 of them and the rest are residents (160 students).
See how (C) doesn't have to be true here for nonresident students' proportion to decrease relative to that of the residents?

So if the college is still earning $170 from each student, let's denote the new tuition as NT and see if NT equals $100 (which was the tuition for residents a decade ago).

170 = { ( NT x # of residents ) + ( double NT x # of nonresidents) } / new total number of students

170 x 200 = ( NT x 120 ) + ( 2NT x 80 )
34000 = 280NT
New Tuition (NT) = $121.something
So the tuition has indeed increased! (by $21 in our hypothetical example)
Hence E is correct.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3399
Premium Member
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2018, 06:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2018, 06:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Students from outside the province of Markland, who in any given acade

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.