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Studies recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Asso

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Status: Preparing for the GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
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Studies recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Asso [#permalink]

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Studies recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association say that despite the widespread belief to the contrary, girls are just as likely as boys to have the reading impairment dyslexia. The new studies examined 450 children over a four-year period, from kindergarten through third grade. The research teams found that fewer than half the students referred to them for reading problems actually had them; and although the schools identified four times as many boys as girls as being dyslexic, independent testing by the research teams revealed that the impairment appeared in both sexes with equal frequency. Yet, over the past decades, elaborate research programs have been set up to find the biological basis for the presumed gender difference in developing dyslexia. Which of the following, if true, best explains the seeming contradiction outlined above between the new research and the conventional sex-linked view of dyslexia?

(A) Many boys who have dyslexia are not identified as suffering any learning disability.
(B) Many girls who do not have any learning impairment are incorrectly identified as having dyslexia.
(C) Earlier research was based entirely on subjects who were diagnosed by teachers as having reading problems.
(D) For years, the incidence of dyslexia has been underreported in school children of both genders.
(E) Learning disabilities are not likely to become evident until a child has reached the fourth grade.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Studies recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Asso [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 12:18
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(A) Many boys who have dyslexia are not identified as suffering any learning disability. - Paragraph talks about reading disability rather than learning disability
(B) Many girls who do not have any learning impairment are incorrectly identified as having dyslexia. - This is part of the premise. (The research teams found that fewer than half the students referred to them for reading problems actually had them)
(C) Earlier research was based entirely on subjects who were diagnosed by teachers as having reading problems. - This highlights why there is some possible difference in two results.
(D) For years, the incidence of dyslexia has been underreported in school children of both genders. - Not concerned. Does not explain anything about the difference.
(E) Learning disabilities are not likely to become evident until a child has reached the fourth grade. - This one is tricky. This seems to be a possible trap. But we already know as part of the premise that students with the disability are correctly identified. (The research teams found that fewer than half the students referred to them for reading problems actually had them)
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Studies recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Asso   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2017, 12:18
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