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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 23:39
KyleWiddison wrote:
addyudit wrote:
Hi. I am not sure but isn't "respiratory system's " in the option A is wrong because we cannot use possessive case with non-living things. I personally have never seen a possessive case with organs. Do give back a reply.


Interesting point. Though it might seem strange, using a possessive with inanimate objects (non-living things), is perfectly fine grammatically (and logically). Something doesn't have to be a person to possess things. A car's weight, a tree's color, India's various climates, etc.

KW


As far as I have read in one or two grammar books that it is wrong to use possessive form of inanimate objects. But as I have studied English according to British standard and not the American one, it might be true what you are saying. Some of the forums (wordreference) also say it's wrong to use possessive case with inanimate objects. Although, we can use possessive case with inanimate things in case of Personification(According to grammar books). PS: a tree's color seems absolutely fine as tree is not considered inanimate. But i have never heard the expression "a car's weight" which is usually written as "weight of the car".
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2014, 06:01
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From an English grammar standpoint I can say there is not a hard and fast rule about not using a possessive with inanimate objects. There is certainly evidence that there is a preference toward avoiding possessives with inanimate objects but reputable grammar books allow for this usage and there are plenty of examples out there where possessives are used with inanimate objects.

I haven't seen this issue come up on the GMAT. If anyone has I would be interested to know about it.

KW

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 05:40
I saw this video of Ron on vimeo , and the very first thing that came in my mind was why are we even talking about pronoun ambiguity in this sentence as the phrase "a major contributor to acid rain" is a modifier and it is modifying Sulfur dioxide, so i would simply ignore that non essential part, so ideally there should not be pronoun ambiguity in the very first place.

Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system's ability to deal with all other pollutants.


However ,for the purpose of learning pronoun ambiguity the explanation given be Ron and other members is appreciated .
If any member has a different view feel free to comment.

Thank you
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 05:48
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1st step: Check if the Subject and the verb agree.
In this case, there is no Subject verb agreement error.
Use the Acronym, VIPMPS to check for the common grammatical errors tested on the GMAT.
V: Verb Tense
I: Idioms
P: Pronouns
M: Misplaced Modifier
P : Parallelism
S : Subject Verb Agreement.
This acronym is not in a hierarchical order; you always check for the Subject Verb agreement first.
We will now use the Process of Elimination to eliminate wrong answers and hold on to the right one.

A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal. (Correct Answer.) The subject and verb agree and it is clear that the Pronoun ‘it’ refers to ‘ sulphur dioxide and not acid rain, as ‘ a major contributor to acid rain’ is a modifying phrase which modifies Sulphur Dioxide. ‘Ability to’ is the correct idiom usage.

B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing (“ because of diminishing” is not a correct usage as ‘because of” is usually followed by a Noun phrase which gives a reason for something.) “capability of ……...ing is unidiomatic

C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing-Can be knocked off) “capability in …………………….. Ing is not the correct idiomatic usage

D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal: This option can be knocked off as : “Specially” means in a special way and therefore is incorrect here. In the context of this sentence, “Especially”, which means ‘in particular’ or ‘ than the others’ should be used
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal: This option can be knocked off for two reasons: “Specially” means in a special way and therefore is incorrect here. In the context of this sentence, “Especially”, which means ‘in particular’ or ‘ than the others’ should be used” AND “ because of diminishing” is not a correct usage as ‘because of” is usually followed by a Noun phrase which gives a reason for something.) “capability of ……...ing is unidiomatic

CORRECT ANSWER: A
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2019, 10:18
Hi GMATNinja,
is option D wrong because it uses specially instead of especially?
i don't think Capability of the respiratory system is making this option incorrect. am i right?

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2019, 07:09
Nice question. Tough.
Specially or Especially?

We have to use especially because it signifies that Sulphur Dioxide is serious pollutant than others.

Specially is used when we have to say that something is special. This is clearly not the case.

A is the answer.
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New post 25 May 2020, 23:48
Hi, on hindsight now "to deal" in A probably sounds more correct than "in dealing" in C

I would like to know though is "in verb-ing" always considered unidiomatic on the GMAT? Or are there cases where it can be used?

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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2020, 10:51
Here
A is pretty much straightforward.
Especially is an adverb modifying serious. It means exclusively or something that is important. Specially is not correct in this context.
A is clear and concise.
:D
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Re: Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially ser   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2020, 10:51

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