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# The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of

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Manager
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The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2005, 11:08
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The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310, as some believe. The eruption in the year 310 damaged the city, but it did not destroy it. Cephesa survived for another century before it finally met its destruction in another eruption around A.D. 415.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the authorâ€™s claim that the city of Cephesa was not buried by the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310?
(A) The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400.
(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
(C) Geological evidence shows that the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415 deposited a 10-foot-thick layer of lava on the city of Cephesa.
(D) Artworks from the city of Cephesa have been found in the ruins of another city known to have been destroyed in A.D. 420.
(E) A historical work written in A.D. 430 refers to the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415.
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Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2005, 12:02
(A) So Cephesa was not popular in newspapers, big deal...

(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
My choice. If the city was already under ruins in 410, there would have been little chance for coins to get there.

(C) Yeah, but what if there was a 20-foot layer from the first eruption...?

(D) We don't care about when other cities have been destroyed.

(E) Restates a fact, which we already know from the passage.
Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2005
Posts: 44
Location: California
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2005, 12:03
The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310, as some believe. The eruption in the year 310 damaged the city, but it did not destroy it. Cephesa survived for another century before it finally met its destruction in another eruption around A.D. 415.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the authorâ€™s claim that the city of Cephesa was not buried by the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310?

My answer is B since all the other ones are irrelevant.

(A) The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400
Does not mention where the historical work was written at. It can be anywhere.

(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
In order for a 410 emperor's coin to be there Cephesa has to be there in 410

(C) Geological evidence shows that the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415 deposited a 10-foot-thick layer of lava on the city of Cephesa.
Irrelevent

(D) Artworks from the city of Cephesa have been found in the ruins of another city known to have been destroyed in A.D. 420.
So....

(E) A historical work written in A.D. 430 refers to the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415
The historical work could be wrong.

Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2004
Posts: 128
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2005, 06:02
I shortlisted A and B at first....

A is out coz the city could have been mentioned at any time is hist works , alluding to cephesa in any year, before or after 310A.D.

B seems more appropriate.So B it is.....

And the OA is?
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Joined: 07 Jul 2004
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Location: Singapore
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2005, 06:32
(A) The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400.
- Does not strengthen the claim

(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
- I'll go with this. An emperor living around AD410 discovered in the ruins meant there was trade between Cephesa and that other country.

(C) Geological evidence shows that the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415 deposited a 10-foot-thick layer of lava on the city of Cephesa.
- Not important

(D) Artworks from the city of Cephesa have been found in the ruins of another city known to have been destroyed in A.D. 420.
- Does not strengthen claims

(E) A historical work written in A.D. 430 refers to the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415.
- Not useful at all
Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 31
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 03:16
I shortlisted A and B at first....

A is out coz the city could have been mentioned at any time is hist works , alluding to cephesa in any year, before or after 310A.D.

B seems more appropriate.So B it is.....

And the OA is?

Hi i too land up in 2options A nd B can u explain me why not A?
i didt undrstand the line bloded in A:The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400

Thanks to explain...
Manager
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Posts: 119
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
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Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 03:27
A might strengthen the argument as a whole but doesn't strengthen the argument that the city has not been destroyed in AD310

B it is
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Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 31
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 03:38
Thanks for explanation.
But in general what does "to have been written in A.D. 400 " mean?
It say like history work was written in 400AD or history was written at unknow time but history work was related to 400 AD.??

Thanks 2 explain
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
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Location: Zürich, Switzerland
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 12:03

Coins used during 410 A.D. by emperor at that time were discovered in the excavation. This means, the city was not destroyed before that.
Intern
Joined: 06 Apr 2012
Posts: 36
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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16 May 2012, 04:41
The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310, as some believe. The eruption in the year 310 damaged the city, but it did not destroy it. Cephesa survived for another century before it finally met its destruction in another eruption around A.D. 415.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the authorâ€™s claim that the city of Cephesa was not buried by the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310?
(A) The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400.
but it doesn't mention anything about when the city was destroyed

(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
perfect.... if the emperor lived around AD 410, then definitely the city survived the eruption... and the second part of the sentence supports the claim further....

(C) Geological evidence shows that the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415 deposited a 10-foot-thick layer of lava on the city of Cephesa.
irrelevant....

(D) Artworks from the city of Cephesa have been found in the ruins of another city known to have been destroyed in A.D. 420.
irrelevant.....

(E) A historical work written in A.D. 430 refers to the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415.
Manager
Joined: 08 Nov 2015
Posts: 62
GMAT 1: 460 Q32 V22
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2016, 21:49
800_gal wrote:
The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310, as some believe. The eruption in the year 310 damaged the city, but it did not destroy it. Cephesa survived for another century before it finally met its destruction in another eruption around A.D. 415.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the authorâ€™s claim that the city of Cephesa was not buried by the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 310?

My answer is B since all the other ones are irrelevant.

(A) The city of Cephesa is mentioned in a historical work known to have been written in A.D. 400
Does not mention where the historical work was written at. It can be anywhere.

(B) Coins bearing the image of an emperor who lived around A.D. 410 have been discovered in the ruins of Cephesa, which were preserved by the cinders and ashes that buried the city.
In order for a 410 emperor's coin to be there Cephesa has to be there in 410

(C) Geological evidence shows that the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415 deposited a 10-foot-thick layer of lava on the city of Cephesa.
Irrelevent

(D) Artworks from the city of Cephesa have been found in the ruins of another city known to have been destroyed in A.D. 420.
So....

(E) A historical work written in A.D. 430 refers to the eruption of Mt. Amnos in A.D. 415
The historical work could be wrong.

B should be the correct answer.
Intern
Joined: 19 Dec 2018
Posts: 48
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2018, 04:07
(A) Does not strengthen the claim. City may have been destroyed earlier and later historical work was written.
(B) An emperor living around AD410 discovered in the ruins meant there was trade between Cephesa and that other country. If the city was already under ruins in 410, there would have been little chance for coins to get there.
(C) Not important
(D) Does not strengthen claims
(E) Not useful at all. Hence (b).
Re: The ancient city of Cephesa was not buried by an eruption of &nbs [#permalink] 19 Dec 2018, 04:07
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