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The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing

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The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Mar 2019, 21:32
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

76% (00:47) correct 24% (01:00) wrong based on 68 sessions

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The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

A) but complementing
B) and had complemented
C) and even though they complemented
D) although they complemented
E) but with complementing

Originally posted by gmatprep2090 on 10 Mar 2019, 07:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Mar 2019, 21:32, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 08:07
1
Dear Experts,

Could you pease help to clarify why D is the answer?
Why there is no comma between IC and DC?
It seems there is not much difference between C and D
Also I could not see any subtle difference between A and E...

Thank you in advance for your time and reply
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 08:10
gmatprep2090 wrote:
The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

A) but complementing
B) and had complemented
c) even though they complemented
D) although they complemented
E) but with complementing


hello gmatprep2090

could you please advise what is the source of this question?
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 16:10
1
it reminds me of this question:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-iroquois-were-primarily-planters-but-supplementing-their-cultivat-32790.html.

There is no remarkable difference between "Although" and "Even though" to say that C is incorrect.
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 23:44
There were some typing mistake on this question i edited it ..
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 17:45
can anyone explain why option A is incorrect
Thanks in advance.
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 18:53
1
jaisrajat wrote:
can anyone explain why option A is incorrect
Thanks in advance.
Option A leads to the following sentence:

The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian but complementing their production...

In this sentence, the word but should join similar elements (parallelism), but it doesn't, as were is a verb but complementing is not. The verb form (simple past tense) of complement is complemented, so if we had to remove the parallelism error that option A has, we'd get something like this:

The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian but complemented their production...

Also, you might want to take a look at the official question that this question is based on.
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The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 19:47
2
gmatprep2090 wrote:
The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

A) but complementing
B) and had complemented
C) and even though they complemented
D) although they complemented
E) but with complementing

Meaning: The ancient Iberians were mostly farmers. They augmented their crop production with raids [on enemies to steal valuable items] and piracy.
Quote:
A) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

incomplete sentence: the words after COMMA + BUT must be an independent clause with a subject and working verb
Because there is a comma before but, the second half of the sentence must be a full clause.
-- BUT is a coordinating conjunction (a FANBOY).
-- If a coordinating conjunction has a comma before it, and one side is an independent clause,
then the other side must also be an independent clause.*
-- The present participle (the verbING) complementing is not a working verb.

Quote:
B) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, and they had complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• The second part of the sentence requires a subject, they, because and is preceded by a comma.
(See notes on option A.)
• The past perfect construction had complemented is incorrect.
-- Past perfect should be used only when needed. It is constructed this way:
had/have + past participle
-- Past perfect is called the "past of the past," used to show that one event happened before another.
-- Raiding and piracy did not happen before farming. The people farmed, raided, and conducted piracy at the same time.

Quote:
C) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, and even though they complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• The second half of the sentence is incomplete because the subordinating conjunction even though
is preceded by a COMMA + AND
• The following is not a complete sentence: Even though they complemented their production of X and Y with A and B.

Quote:
D) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, although they complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• Correct. Unlike Option C (even though), another subordinating conjunction, although, correctly is not preceded by the word and.
Subordinate clauses are not complete sentences and cannot be joined with COMMA + AND.

Quote:
E) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but with complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• "but with complementing" is a hot mess.
-- Just as in options A and B, the second half of the sentence is not an independent clause.
The second half lacks a subject, they.
-- complementing is not a working verb
-- "with complementing" is nonsensical. We can have "by complementing" or "with complements OF,"
though those phrases would not fix the lack of a subject and working verb.

The correct answer is D.


*Note: if a coordinating conjunction is used with a dependent clause and an independent clause, no comma is used.
Correct: They wanted to travel to Europe but could not get away from work at the same time. [There is no subject in the second part of the sentence, so
"but they could not get away from work at the same time is not a full or independent clause." In such cases, no comma is used.]
This site explains coordinating conjunctions and their punctuation.

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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2019, 07:03
generis wrote:
gmatprep2090 wrote:
The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

A) but complementing
B) and had complemented
C) and even though they complemented
D) although they complemented
E) but with complementing

Meaning: The ancient Iberians were mostly farmers. They augmented their crop production with raids [on enemies to steal valuable items] and piracy.
Quote:
A) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

incomplete sentence: the words after COMMA + BUT must be an independent clause with a subject and working verb
Because there is a comma before but, the second half of the sentence must be a full clause.
-- BUT is a coordinating conjunction (a FANBOY).
-- If a coordinating conjunction has a comma before it, and one side is an independent clause,
then the other side must also be an independent clause.*
-- The present participle (the verbING) complementing is not a working verb.

Quote:
B) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, and they had complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• The second part of the sentence requires a subject, they, because and is preceded by a comma.
(See notes on option A.)
• The past perfect construction had complemented is incorrect.
-- Past perfect should be used only when needed. It is constructed this way:
had/have + past participle
-- Past perfect is called the "past of the past," used to show that one event happened before another.
-- Raiding and piracy did not happen before farming. The people farmed, raided, and conducted piracy at the same time.

Quote:
C) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, and even though they complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• The second half of the sentence is incomplete because the subordinating conjunction even though
is preceded by a COMMA + AND
• The following is not a complete sentence: Even though they complemented their production of X and Y with A and B.

Quote:
D) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, although they complemented their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• Correct. Unlike Option C (even though), another subordinating conjunction, although, correctly is not preceded by the word and.
Subordinate clauses are not complete sentences and cannot be joined with COMMA + AND.

Quote:
E) The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but with complementing their production of wheat and barley with raids and piracy.

• "but with complementing" is a hot mess.
-- Just as in options A and B, the second half of the sentence is not an independent clause.
The second half lacks a subject, they.
-- complementing is not a working verb
-- "with complementing" is nonsensical. We can have "by complementing" or "with complements OF,"
though those phrases would not fix the lack of a subject and working verb.

The correct answer is D.


*Note: if a coordinating conjunction is used with a dependent clause and an independent clause, no comma is used.
Correct: They wanted to travel to Europe but could not get away from work at the same time. [There is no subject in the second part of the sentence, so
"but they could not get away from work at the same time is not a full or independent clause." In such cases, no comma is used.]
This site explains coordinating conjunctions and their punctuation.


generis

brilliant!
_________________
My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

___________________
Practice makes perfect!


It is pointless to try to study if it is not fun, then it becomes a chore. At that point, you will either hate your studies or became afraid of them.
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Re: The ancient Iberians were mostly agrarian, but complementing   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2019, 07:03
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