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The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst

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The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 11:21
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The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowstone National Park's grizzly bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as 40,000 apiece in a single day.

A. bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as
B. bears; overturning rocks to find the insects, consuming up to
C. bears, overturning rocks to find them and they consume as many as
D. bears, and they overturn rocks to find them and consume up to
E. bears, which overturn rocks to find the insects, consuming as many as
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Sep 2017, 22:13, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 11:35
imaru wrote:
The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowstone National Park’s grizzly bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as 40,000 apiece in a single day.

A. bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as


B. bears; overturning rocks to find the insects, consuming up to
C. bears, overturning rocks to find them and they consume as many as
D. bears, and they overturn rocks to find them and consume up to
E. bears, which overturn rocks to find the insects, consuming as many as


semicolon in B is the problem 'cos each statement should be an independent clause.

E has no antcedent problems and the participle consuming correctly describes the action of the bears.

Also we can remove the "which overturn rocks to find the insects"
to check this

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 11:44
agreed... E looks the best

gerunds with -ing ARE NOT verbs, thus don't create an indep. clause...

THEY in D isn't clear... who is eating THEM??? isn't it the "ARMY OF MOTHS" and not just "MOTHS" :!:

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 11:52
u2lover wrote:
agreed... E looks the best

gerunds with -ing ARE NOT verbs, thus don't create an indep. clause...

THEY in D isn't clear... who is eating THEM??? isn't it the "ARMY OF MOTHS" and not just "MOTHS" :!:


When you mentioned GERUNDS did you refer to option B??

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 11:58
trivikram wrote:
u2lover wrote:
agreed... E looks the best

gerunds with -ing ARE NOT verbs, thus don't create an indep. clause...

THEY in D isn't clear... who is eating THEM??? isn't it the "ARMY OF MOTHS" and not just "MOTHS" :!:


When you mentioned GERUNDS did you refer to option B??


A B and C... those are choices don't have 'modifiers'... and they mean "action"... Consume, overturn, etc... one might mistake those as participle modifier, but there isn't anything after semicolon that modifier could refer to. in addtion, the construction of the second part must me Indep Clause (just as you said)

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2006, 12:03
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A. bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as
WRONG -Realative pronoun after ";" refers to the subject of first clause which is moth.

B. bears; overturning rocks to find the insects, consuming up to
WRONG - Fragment that is added after ";" is not an independnt clause as it doesn'y have a subject or a verb

C. bears, overturning rocks to find them and they consume as many as
WRONG - The way participle is use iy is modifying the subject of the sentence which is moth.

D. bears, and they overturn rocks to find them and consume up to
WRONG - "and they" refers to moths.

E. bears, which overturn rocks to find the insects, consuming as many as
CORRECT

Edited : Wrote preposition in place of pronoun.
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Last edited by Swagatalakshmi on 16 Dec 2006, 12:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2006, 03:26
OA is E

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2013, 11:06
Is the usage of which in OA correct? I suppose 'who' would be a better relative pronoun. Can some one clarify this?
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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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vabhs192003 wrote:
Is the usage of which in OA correct? I suppose 'who' would be a better relative pronoun. Can some one clarify this?


who and whom can only be used for human being and not for animals or things.
that and which cannot be used for human beings.

in this case bear=>animal ..so we cannot use WHO..

hope it helps
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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2013, 12:13
blueseas wrote:
vabhs192003 wrote:
Is the usage of which in OA correct? I suppose 'who' would be a better relative pronoun. Can some one clarify this?


who and whom can only be used for human being and not for animals or things.
that and which cannot be used for human beings.

in this case bear=>animal ..so we cannot use WHO..

hope it helps


Yeah I knew the usage of who and whom pertaining to human beings, but I was dicey with their usages in context of animals.

Need to brush up finer details before the D-Day.

Thanks.
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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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imaru wrote:
The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowstone National Park’s grizzly bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as 40,000 apiece in a single day.


A. bears; they overturn rocks to find them and consuming as many as
B. bears; overturning rocks to find the insects, consuming up to
C. bears, overturning rocks to find them and they consume as many as
D. bears, and they overturn rocks to find them and consume up to
E. bears, which overturn rocks to find the insects, consuming as many as

Down with B and E

bears; overturning rocks to find the insects, consuming up to - After ; the highlighted part is not an independent clause.

bears, which overturn rocks to find the insects, consuming as many as

Which - Correctly refers to Bears

Consuming - Presents additional information

As many as - Idiomatically correct and correctly used to refer to countable nouns...


Hence E
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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 09:19
How does which refer to a noun (bears). Think should be who instead of which

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 07:46
Which can clearly refer to bears here.
Only in case of humans, I think we should specifically use "who"

Think of animals as objects, you would normally say 'it is a cute puppy'

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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 10:15
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Not every verb + ing word is a gerund; there are three types of verb + ing words such as 1. A progressive tense word (when used with another helping verb, mostly a 'be' verb, or its derivative) example: is singing/ were singing etc 2. a present participle, mostly acting as part of an adverbial or adjectival modifier example -- singing a song, John walked along the river bank etc, with or without a comma before, and 3. as a gerund to denote an action noun, as in constructing a house is tedious job these days, etc.. Each is used in a specific context of its own.
Overturning is not a gerund but a participle in both B and C.
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Re: The army cutworm moth is a critical source of fat for many of Yellowst   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2017, 10:15
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