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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,

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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2018, 10:55
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

50% (00:57) correct 50% (01:03) wrong based on 242 sessions

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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact, expecting such a response.

(A) did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact, expecting

(B) had not surprised Mandy at all; she was in fact expecting

(C) had not surprised Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected

(D) did not surprise Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected

(E) did not surprise Mandy at all; because she was expecting

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Re: The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2018, 11:13
1
Imo A

past perfect tense is wrong (had not surprised)
So B and C are out.

In E after semicolon sentence lacks main verb.
D with use of had illogically conveys she finished expecting.

So A
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 00:09
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(A) did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact, expecting -Incorrect . this suggests that result and expectation happen at same time. but expectation is before result so Wrong tense usage

(B) had not surprised Mandy at all; she was in fact expecting- Same as A. OUT

(C) had not surprised Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected- No need to use HAD specifically

(D) did not surprise Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected - Correct

(E) did not surprise Mandy at all; because she was expecting -Same as A

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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 00:29
arun6765 wrote:
Imo A

past perfect tense is wrong (had not surprised)
So B and C are out.

In E after semicolon sentence lacks main verb.
D with use of had illogically conveys she finished expecting.

So A
Correct me if I am wrong.


arun6765,
I too think that to indicate simultaneity of the two actions, we need past progressive tense here. For example: The baby was crying when the father walked into the room.
So, A should be the answer. But OA is D, need some expert comment on this.
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Re: The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2018, 04:42
Can anyone help? Not sure why D is correct
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Re: The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2019, 05:29
generis could you please help with this one?
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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2019, 21:24
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Helium wrote:
The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact, expecting such a response.

(A)did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact, expecting

(B) had not surprised Mandy at all; she was in fact expecting

(C) had not surprised Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected

(D) did not surprise Mandy at all; she had, in fact, expected

(E) did not surprise Mandy at all; because she was expecting

apovit wrote:
generis could you please help with this one?

Turkish and apovit , sure.

This question tests the way that GMAC prefers to see events rendered in past tense.
Although we know typical GMAT preferences, "typical" does not mean "universal."

• Fairly Easy Errors - Exclude options with the errors that are fairly easy to spot

-- Semicolon: Unless a semicolon is being used to punctuate a list in which commas would be confusing, a semicolon must separate
two full independent clauses (ICs).


Option E does not contain two full ICs.
The right hand side begins with because.
This construction is not a complete sentence (is not an IC):
Because she was expecting such response.

Eliminate E

I am not a fan of memorization. In this case, memorization may be necessary.

As a general rule [that phrase is a disclaimer], if we are describing events in the past, GMAC prefers a few constructions over others.

If a sequence of events can be described with two simple past tense verbs, this construction is usually preferred,
especially if the sentence is written in active voice.


Stated differently, if you do not need past perfect, do not use it.

We can use two simple past tense verbs to describe a sequence of events IF

1) there are sequence words such as before, after, previously, subsequently, later, etc. , OR
2) there are references to different times, such as dates, that place the events in logically sequential order

Correct: AFTER I traveled to Tunisia, I flew to Sweden, where I joined friends and from there, sailed to Norway.

Not necessary: After I had traveled to Tunisia, I flew to Sweden, where I joined friends and from there, sailed to Norway.

In this context, one "area" of activity/events seems to be logically separate from the other events.

People grapple with the issue of sequence because the content of the events is different; often they want to write use the past perfect to describe the earlier event.

The content does not matter if a sequence word exists such as after in the above example.
Again, the test for the use of simple past for all past events:
-- Does the sentence have a sequence word and make sense? OR
-- Does the sentence have a time-reference or -marker and make sequential sense?
Yes? We're good.

If one event is separate from another, a sequence word or a date will suffice.

<--------|--------------|--------------------|-----------|
<----Tunisia-------flew to Sweden----joined----sailed


By contrast

past perfect requires the presence of at least one simple past tense verb or a time marker
-- By June 1941, the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact had been in effect for almost two years.

If there is no simple past tense verb or time marker, past perfect is not appropriate


Eliminate B and C.
Both use past perfect, which is constructed using

Had/have + past participle

B) had not surprised
C) had not surprised AND had expected

But B and C both also lack one instance of simple past or a time marker that happened in the past but after the past perfect event.
Eliminate B and C

• A or D?

-- I would not spend much time on this question.
It is not official.

-- I think that both A and D are defensible

BUT - Let's rewrite both A and D in the affirmative

A) The Board's decision surprised [or did surprise] Mandy; she was not expecting the decision.
Here's the problem: There is no sequence word such as before, after, or later.

I world argue, though, that there are sequence words: surprise and expect
They are temporally sequential opposites.
We cannot be surprised by something that we expect.

D) The Board's decision surprised Mandy; she had not expected the decision.
Past perfect + simple past

In a strict sense, because it follows an explicit rule about
past perfect construction, choose D.


Otherwise, please -- find official questions that test this issue.

Getting caught up in a non-official question may be tempting. I doubt that doing so is wise.

Unofficial questions do not test concepts the same way that official questions do.
Try to let this one go.

I hope that helps.
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The Board’s response did not surprise Mandy at all; she was, in fact,   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2019, 21:24
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