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# The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored

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The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored  [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2018, 03:22
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:22) correct 23% (01:33) wrong based on 212 sessions

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The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored lower on tests of math skills this year than the second graders did last year. The school board blames the disappointing results on the budget cuts that forced the school to consolidate several classes of second-grade students, thus depriving them of the individualized attention that they had previously enjoyed.

Which of the following, if true, best supports the explanation offered by the school board for the students' lower test scores?

A. Students at other elementary schools in the area also scored poorly on the same test of math skills this year.

B. No new textbooks were purchased by the school board this year.

C. The test that the second graders took this year was not more difficult than the test that the second graders took last year.

D. Students in the third grade at the elementary school performed better in math this year than the third graders did last year.

E. Other schools in the area also experienced severe budget cuts.
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Re: The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored  [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2018, 03:34
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following, if true, best supports the explanation offered by the school board for the students' lower test scores?

A. Students at other elementary schools in the area also scored poorly on the same test of math skills this year. --> Out of scope

B. No new textbooks were purchased by the school board this year. --> Irrelevant

C. The test that the second graders took this year was not more difficult than the test that the second graders took last year. --> Correct, it gives us the assurance that the complexity of the exam was same(no doubt on any other alternative), so it has to be the budget cuts that led to disappointing results as stated by school board

D. Students in the third grade at the elementary school performed better in math this year than the third graders did last year. --> Irrelevant

E. Other schools in the area also experienced severe budget cuts. --> Irrelevant

Hence, C.
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The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 20:38
1
The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored lower on tests of math skills this year than the second graders did last year. The school board blames the disappointing results on the budget cuts that forced the school to consolidate several classes of second-grade students, thus depriving them of the individualized attention that they had previously enjoyed.

Type- Strengthen
Boil it down- budget cuts --> consolidation of several classes of second-grade students -->lack of individual attention --> lower scores on maths

Which of the following, if true, best supports the explanation offered by the school board for the students' lower test scores?

A. Students at other elementary schools in the area also scored poorly on the same test of math skills this year. -- Incorrect-- We don't know what factors influenced the scores of others elementary schools' students. This is a mild weakener at best.

B. No new textbooks were purchased by the school board this year. - Irrelevant

C. The test that the second graders took this year was not more difficult than the test that the second graders took last year. - Correct - a difficult test this year could be the reason for the lower scores

D. Students in the third grade at the elementary school performed better in math this year than the third graders did last year. - Out of scope - we are only concerned about the second graders

E. Other schools in the area also experienced severe budget cuts. - Incorrect - but how did those schools respond and how did their students fare

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The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2019, 22:25
This question is cause and effect type:

Budget cuts ==> Consolidation of classes ==> Decrease in Indv. attention students get ==> Decrease in math score

So the author has clearly defined the reasons for the final effect. Correct answer choice will either: (1) support the causal relation, (2) support the claim that in absence of a given cause corresponding effect is not experienced, or (3) disregard any other factor responsible for the effect.

Answer: C (disregards any other factor responsible for the effect)
The children in the second grade at a local elementary school scored   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2019, 22:25
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