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The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2016, 21:30
Hi Karishma,

Thanks for your explanation. I would like to clarify about the first option of this question.

Although the option does not use Auxiliary verb between Life and Uprooted in the sentence following the main clause. Is it still fine?

His life uprooted, should not be His life was uprooted?

Kindly explain me your thoughts.

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2016, 22:46
but two independent clauses separated by a comma is grammatically incorrect, I eliminate A right away, can someone explain? Thanks ccooley

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2016, 08:35
Sukant2010 wrote:
The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life - looks fine
(B) circumstance, and his life
(C) circumstance, and his life being
(D) circumstance; his life
(E) circumstance: his life being

all but A change the meaning of the sentence.

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2016, 21:03
tsui wrote:
but two independent clauses separated by a comma is grammatically incorrect, I eliminate A right away, can someone explain? Thanks ccooley



Note that "his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." and "his life being uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." are not independent clauses because they have no finite verbs in them. They are absolute phrases.
Read about them here: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/0 ... -the-gmat/

The following are independent clauses:
"his life was uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case."
"his life was being uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case."
etc
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2016, 23:33
emmafoster wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Sukant2010 wrote:
The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life
(B) circumstance, and his life
(C) circumstance, and his life being
(D) circumstance; his life
(E) circumstance: his life being

Hi all,
I was mainly confused between two options in this question. Please elaborate on your reason for choosing an answer.


Responding to a pm:

Note that "his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." and "his life being uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." are not independent clauses because they have no verb in them.

The following are independent clauses and one of these is what you need with the coordinating conjunction ('and') and semi colon:

"his life was uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." or
"his life was being uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case."

Accuracy wise, the use of 'being' is still suspect. 'Being' is not used to describe a state; it is used to describe an ongoing action such as 'the tree is being uprooted'.

Colon is used if you need to give a list and hence, is not suitable here. So options (B), (C), (D) and (E) are wrong.

Only option (A) describes circumstance suitably using the modifier "his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case."


Hi Karishma,

I referred to official Veritas Prep explanation for option A and there it was mentioned that second part of the sentence is an absolute phrase.
How to recognize absolute phrases in SC?


VeritasPrepKarishma : Can you explain how to recognize absolute phrases?
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2016, 02:48
Plz find the error in this

, his life being uprooted ...

where "his life" - Noun
Being uprooted .... - noun modifier


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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2016, 03:32
emmafoster wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma : Can you explain how to recognize absolute phrases?


Here is my post on absolute phrases: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/0 ... -the-gmat/
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 12:15
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the link posted by Abhishek009 appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – closing this request.

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 17:22
Sukant2010 wrote:
The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life
(B) circumstance, and his life
(C) circumstance, and his life being
(D) circumstance; his life
(E) circumstance: his life being


OFFICIAL SOLUTION



“his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.” and “his life being uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.” are not independent clauses because they have no finite verbs in them.

With the coordinating conjunction (‘and’) and semi colon, you need an independent clause.

Accuracy wise, the use of ‘being’ is still suspect. ‘Being’ is not used to describe a state; it is used to describe an ongoing action such as ‘the tree is being uprooted’.

Colon is used if you need to give a list and hence, is not suitable here. Hence, options (B), (C), (D) and (E) are wrong.

Only option (A) describes circumstances suitably using the absolute phrase: his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

Answer (A)
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 07:02
My 2 cents:

The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life

Correct - Uprooted here acts as an -ed modifier since his life is not the doer of the action. The phrase is a modifier.

(B) circumstance, and his life

Incorrect - with the introduction of 'and' - we expect to see two independent clauses; however, there is no main verb in the second clause.

(C) circumstance, and his life being

Incorrect - while 'being' uprooted is incorrect since we need some -be form of the verb before 'being' for it to act as a verb - Missing verb in second clause makes it incorrect.

(D) circumstance; his life

; introduced another independent clause. Same error - no main verb

(E) circumstance: his life being

Same error as C. The introduction of colon is used for explanation to connect two independent clause. Lack of main verb in second clause makes it incorrect.

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2017, 12:15
The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life
(B) circumstance, and his life
(C) circumstance, and his life being
(D) circumstance; his life
(E) circumstance: his life being

1) Noun+Noun modifier
Noun: His life
Modifier: Uprooted......................

2) ; is used to connect two independent clauses
3) Being usage is correct if it is used as a noun or a verb.
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2017, 21:24
Sukant2010 wrote:
The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

(A) circumstance, his life
(B) circumstance, and his life
(C) circumstance, and his life being
(D) circumstance; his life
(E) circumstance: his life being

Hi all,
I was mainly confused between two options in this question. Please elaborate on your reason for choosing an answer.


This is case of noun + noun modifier
So we do not need any conjunction after comma .
The noun + noun modifier gives us some extra information about the noun .
So A is correct
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 12:11
Hey VeritasPrepKarishma,

When a colon is used, it generally should talk / refer back to the subject of the first sentence. In Option D it doesn't do that and hence usage of colon is totally uncalled for.

Is my reasoning correct?

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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 00:27
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey VeritasPrepKarishma,

When a colon is used, it generally should talk / refer back to the subject of the first sentence. In Option D it doesn't do that and hence usage of colon is totally uncalled for.

Is my reasoning correct?


Option (D) uses a semi colon. A semi colon joins two independent clauses.
"his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case." is not an independent clause because it doesn't have a verb in it.

To use a semi colon, you need this:
"his life was uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case."

Colon is used if you need to give a list and hence, is not suitable here.
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Re: The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2017, 00:27

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